Peabody Square IS SITUATED NEAR SHADWELL IN THE BOROUGH OF ISLINGTON IN LONDON
Peabody Islington Estate, London
Peabody Estate, Islington, London
The Peabody Trust was founded in London in 1862 by George Peabody, the wealthy American banker and philanthropist. It is the largest charity and housing association dedicated to housing the poor in London and has a stock of over 17,000 homes, mostly consisting of densely-built sites in inner London - the famous Peabody Estates with some cottage estates in the suburbs. The earliest surviving Peabody buildings in London are on the Islington Estate (1864) with others at Shadwell, Chelsea, and Blackfriars dating from soon afterwards. These early estates are historically of seminal importance as being among the first to address the problems of housing the poor in a consistent way, with an identifiable architectural form. The brick-built Italianate blocks grouped in a square forming a courtyard and thus protected' from the outside world, are the hall-mark of the early estates. The famous 'Peabody Square', familiar to many Londoners and visitors to London, was conceived by Henry Darbishire (1825-99), architect to the Peabody Trust from 1864 until 1885. Following the listing of the Peabody estates at Islington and Blackfriars in 1996, the Peabody Trust approached English Heritage with the idea of preparing a conservation plan for the Islington Estate. The plan would identify the qualities of historical and architectural significance of the estate, the areas vulnerable to change, the likely impact on the fabric of repointing, window replacement, new cabling etc, and, from these, draw up a policy for the future sensitive treatment of the estate. From this plan, principles could be abstracted and made relevant and appropriate to other estates. An historian from HART, the English Heritage historic buildings adviser, the conservation officer for Islington Borough Council and the architect from the Peabody Trust are collaborating on the Conservation Plan for Islington Estate, which is intended to provide a useful working model for the care of other Victorian housing estates in years to come. A joint publication between Peabody and English Heritage is planned when the conservation plan has been completed and agreed by all parties.
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