Had almost forgotten this! I think there are two points which need serious consideration. Whatever the "family tradition", being given the choice of "Prison or Canada" is impossible. Canada was never used as a penal colony. Until the American Revolution, the US states were used as penal colonies but all that came to an end when GB recognised US independence. Australia was then used, from c. 1792 to 1868 when the system ended but it had been declining in use for some years before that. In the later 19th and well into the 20th century, there were schemes to send homeless, orphaned or abandoned children to the colonies to give them a new start in life, a better deal than roaming the streets of 19th century industrial cities. I think the original idea was basically good but unfortunately it was catastrophic for many. Farmers were perhaps the worst, they offered the children a new "home" which turned out to be nothing but a chance to get cheap labour. Many were sent to schools where they were supposed to be educated and trained for their new lives but again were seriously exploited. Some of the religious institutions were the worst offenders here. If you look under Orphans and Orphanages you will find there is a specific Board for British Home Children. However I think you will find another problem with this approach. Your Harold would have been 16, possibly 17, when he went to Canada so he would not have been a "child" or in any sort of institution. In 1911 the school-leaving age was 12 when a child could get a "Labour Certificate" saying they had reached a minimum level of basic education. A few stayed a bit longer, it depended on circumstances but he would not have been sent in any group of "children". My best guess is that there is a family story behind this - perhaps he misbehaved in some way and the family sent him to Canada to save face, or he fell out with his family and just went and someone did not want to broadcast the details to all and sundry. In this case there would be no "records" apart from his passage and immigration application. I still think you would be more likely to get help if you post on the Wiltshire Board and, as you say he was born in Berkshire, the Berkshire Board. There may be someone who recognises the name - even searching the same family. I do not think that is very likely on this Board but hope what I have said helps a bit.