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18th Century, Rozsochy/Lhota record; one word not understood

Replies: 2

Re: 18th Century, Rozsochy/Lhota record; one word not understood

Posted: 9 Nov 2013 9:17AM GMT
Classification: Query
Hello,

the word is "Judici" means "of Judex"
Czech term is RYCHTAR

"Rychtar", sometimes also "fojt" or "soltys" in Czech, "Richter", "Vogt" or "Schultheiss" in German, "judex", "scultetus" or "advocatus" in Latin. The simple equivalent in English does not exist, therefore is often translated as a judge, mayor, reeve or bailiff.
All of it terms partly describing the meaning of the word RYCHTAR.
RYCHTARs (fojts etc.) were not elected for the authority. They inherited (Erbrichter) or bought it. In reality RYCHTAR, was the person who collected financial and natural taxes from the peasants to landlords and he also
watched whether peasants fulfilling their another obligations to landlords (drudgery etc.). RYCHTAR was free from the drudgery. Rychtar had often the right to sell alcohol (bought from landlords) to peasants, at his own house.
The residence of RYCHTAR /FOJT was often the largest house in the village, part of the house (called RYCHTA or FOJTSTVI) was often the hall used as a pub.
A lot of village pubs in the Czech Republic are called NA RYCHTE or NA FOJTSTVI (at rychta, at fojtstvi) until today.
SubjectAuthorDate Posted
marylevesque2... 13 Oct 2013 10:44PM GMT 
MoravaCzech 9 Nov 2013 4:17PM GMT 
marylevesque2... 9 Nov 2013 7:54PM GMT 
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