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Donbas Coal mines

Replies: 1

Re: Donbas Coal mines

Posted: 22 Aug 2012 6:21PM GMT
Classification: Query
Edited: 21 Aug 2013 1:12PM GMT
During the 1945 military campaign in Poland the Soviet Union interned suspected Nazi party members and govt officials in camps in the Soviet-occupied areas east of the Oder-Neisse line. Persons held in these short-lived camps east of the line were subsequently transferred to NKVD special camps in the Soviet occupation zone of Germany or for the Soviet Union for forced labor.By May 1945 the NKVD had selected for deportation to the USSR 66,152 German civilians who were considered suspected Nazi party members and govt officials, as well as 89,110 able bodied adults (mostly men) for forced labor. In early 1947 the Soviets sent an additional 4,579 Germans from the Soviet occupation zone to the USSR as forced laborers.

The Soviets classified the civilians interned into two groups; the first Group A (205,520 persons) were mobilized internees, who were able bodied adults selected for labor; the second Group D (66,152 persons) arrested internees were Nazi party members, German government officials,journalists and others considered a threat by the Soviets. Soviet records state that they repatriated 21,061 Polish citizens from labor camps which indicates that not all of the internees were ethnic Germans and some could have been ethnic Poles.

The Soviets sent about 3/4 of the laborers to the Donets Basin to work in the reconstruction of heavy industry and mines, and about 11% to the Urals heavy industries. The workers were housed in concentration camps under armed guard. The working and living conditions were harsh and according to Soviet records about 24% of those interned died. Forced labor turned out to be inefficient and unprofitable since many of the women and older men were not able to perform heavy labor. Repatriation started as early as 1945 and almost all were released by 1950.

According to German Red Cross all data has not been released from NKVD Russian Archives.

Following is article re German POW in Donbas. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forced_labor_of_Germans_in_the_...
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All the time, Churchill and Roosevelt knew and approved.
SubjectAuthorDate Posted
ntomesch 23 Apr 2012 12:25PM GMT 
Mighthelp 23 Aug 2012 12:21AM GMT 
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