The DNA results are beginning to come in now from Family Tree DNA for the Hatteras Family Reconstruction project. This is focused on Hatteras Island in current Dare, former Hyde and Currituck Counties in NC.
As they do, we post the genealogy and explain how this works, of course, with the hope that others will see the benefit and want to test as well. Between all of us, we can reconstruct many of the early settlers who are our ancestors - and lots of people can benefit. Here's why. When someone tests for a particular line - anyone descended from that line benefits. With mitochondrial DNA, which is the maternal line - there is little question about "who's your mother", so we assume that all descendants share the same DNA info, and those descended through females only carry the same mtdna.
On the male lines, we presume that unless there is an undocumented adoption of some sort, that the yline (paternal - surname) DNA matches all the men who carry the surname - however - because we're also skeptics and realists - and undocumented adoptions did happen - we encourage men of this line to test to be sure you match the line you think you match. Also, Native people adopted the surnames of their neighbors and those they admired - so we expect to find Native folks carrying white surnames, probably of their neighbors - but not matching the neighbors DNA - so when we post the y-lines, please consider testing if you haven't.
These results are for the the Gray family. Our participant is kit number 185991 and he is haplogroup R1b1b2, the most common European haplogroup.
He is descended as follows:
4. Franklin T. Gray 1865-1906, married to Henrietta Jane Miller
5. Malachi Gray 1831-1881 married to Adeline Push
6. Joshua "Little Joshua" Gray, 1808-1891 married to Sabrina Paine
7. Abner Gray 1777-1850
8. Joshua Gray born between 1756 and 1776
9. William Gray born before 1755, probably between 1725- and 1735
In 1737, we find our first Gray on Hatteras Island with the purchase of land by Thomas Gray from Mary Russell and witnessed by Jacob Farrow. However, we see nothing more of this Thomas who would have to have been born no later than about 1712 and possibly much earlier.
In 1755 we find no Gray men on the tax list, but in 1779 we find Thomas Gray on the tax list and a William Gray listed as "single". Also in Currituck County, but not on Hatteras we find Edward and Griffith Gray, married, and Robert who is single. I did not follow these men as they are not on Hatteras Island.
In 1764 William Gray purchases land at Kinnekeet from Thomas Jones.
By 1790 and 1800, on Hatteras we find Thomas, Joseph and William, with Joseph and William likely being the sons of Thomas, if Thomas is the original Thomas and not a son.
By 1800 and 1810, the next generation of Gray males is becoming evident in the census, and in legal documents as well, with Joshua and Robert appearing.
Unfortunately, the original Thomas does not have a will, and neither does his apparent son William. There is a will for a Joseph Gray in 1806, but it is unclear whether this is the correct Joseph, especially with only 3 heirs listed, . This Joseph appears to be a younger Joseph although without further documentation, it's very difficult to discern between individuals.