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Perquimans County Winslow - African American

Replies: 14

Perquimans County Winslow - African American

Carl B. Phillips (View posts)
Posted: 13 Mar 1999 5:00AM GMT
Classification: Query
Surnames: WINSLOW, OVERTON, ROBBINS, GOODWIN
Seeking anyone that has any additional information to add to the following:

Cromwell and possibly his brother Isaac were given to Lucretia Goodwin by her father Exum Goodwin per the Inventory & Account of the Estate of Exum Goodwin, dated 4 January 1832. Lucretia died within 2 years of her father . Nathan Winslow was the executor of both estates.
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(Notes from data collected over 15 years by my cousin Charles Winslow)
Cromwell was born about 1822......and was the slave of Nathan Winslow before the Civil War, northwest of Belvidere in Perquimans County, NC. (The 1850 Census confirms Nathan had a male slave Cromwell's age, and a manuscript family history by Nathan's grandson mentions Cromwell's service.)

In 1849 Cromwell "married" Penny although slave marriages were not "officially" recognized. They formally acknowledged their relationship 12 May 1866. In the 1850 Census Penny appears as Penny Robbins, living next door to Nathan Winslow with her daughter Rosanna.....who appears as Cromwell's eldest child in the 1870 Census.

Cromwell was a slave, but Penny was a free woman thus, prior to 1865 their children would take her status and were born free, carrying her surname of Robbins. (Oliver Winslow's death certificate in 1931 shows Penny's maiden name as Overton suggesting that her father might have been an Overton.)

Cromwell made his will in Perquimans County 10 June 1902 and died between that date and the will's probate 19 May 1913.

[Excerpt from an unpublished manuscript history of the Winslow family written by Dr. Randolph Winslow of Baltimore, a grandson of Nathan Winslow.]
"...Nathan did not acquire any [slaves] by inheritance and the story is he bought a negro woman to keep her from being separated from her family......It was his intention to free his slaves [upon his death]....The emancipation...by Lincoln precluded this intention...... Cromwell was his head man or overseer, who remained faithful to his old master and to his descendants to the third and fourth generations......He was a small man, who tied his hair up in little twists wrapped with strings."

The Cromwell Winslow House is mentioned in "The Historic Architecture of Perquimans County, North Carolina" written by Dru Gatewood Haley and Raymond A. Winslow, Jr.
"One of three identified rural dwellings associated with the increasing number of independent black farmers during the last third of the 19th century, this two-story dwelling was probably built by Cromwell Winslow ...after he purchased the property in 1871."

"Following a typical three-bay, two-story configuration with a rear shed and detached kitchen, the Cromwell Winslow House (c. 1871) reflects the economic prosperity attained by its owner."
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Deed registered and recorded March 1, 1871:

Cromwell purchased land from William A. and Mary E. Dail, Feb. 4, 1871, for $1,000. This tract of land was in Perquimans County, on the "Tom D. White" road in Belvidere Township, adjoining the land of Dempsey, Saby and Margaret White.......containing about 84 acres.
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Primary objective is to find Cromwell's parents. Recently found that Nathan also owned a slave named Chloe who died in 1849 at the age of 55....Could this have been Cromwell's mother?

Thanking you in advance for any assistance.

Carl Phillips
SubjectAuthorDate Posted
Carl B. Phillips 13 Mar 1999 12:00PM GMT 
Carl B. Phillips 10 Dec 1999 12:00PM GMT 
June C. Gallop 17 Jul 2004 7:42PM GMT 
June C. Gallop 23 Jul 2004 1:36AM GMT 
June C. Gallop 29 Jul 2004 3:20PM GMT 
twin1012 19 Jan 2012 5:30AM GMT 
Latoya524 27 Jul 2013 3:26PM GMT 
twin1012 16 Aug 2013 1:22AM GMT 
Tamara Simmon... 15 Apr 2014 5:42AM GMT 
twin1012 19 Jan 2012 5:50AM GMT 
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