Of the 16 "constituent members" of the Sandy Creek Baptist Church in Randolph Co. NC who left about 1760 for SC were Rev. Daniel Marshall and his wife, Joseph Breed and his wife, Peter Stearns, Ebenezer Steqrns and wife, Enos Stinson and wife (George W. Paschal, HISTORY OF NC BAPTISTS Vol. 1 1663-1805, p. 385). Rev. Daniel Marshall came to Sandy Creek in 1755 and was ordained pastor of Abbott's Creek Baptist Church [in Rowan County] in 1756. "From Sandy Creek and the Separate [Baptist, as opposed to Regular Baptist] churches many went to SC as a result of the Regulator troubles....In general, it may be said here that while the Baptists from the parts of NC to the north of Sandy Creek went to TN, those from Little River and the southeastern parts of the Province went rather to SC when they despaired of being protected in their rights by the Government of North Carolina" (Paschal p. 385).
Rev. Daniel Marshall was a Presbyterian missionary to the Mohawks in 1753-54. He became a Baptist and was baptized by immersion at Winchester, VA in 1754. He "joined Stearns [*] and his company and came to Sandy Creekin 1755; he was ordained pastor of Abbott's Creek [Baptist] church [in Rowan County, NC] in 1756. He preached all over NC as far east as New Bern and made visits to VA in his evangelizing zeal during the years 1755-1760...then coming at about the age of 55 to SC and continuing his labors there until he was 65" (Paschal p. 389).
"Probably not more than a year after the arrival of [Rev. Philip] Mulky in SC, Daniel Marshall came with members form the [Baptist] church at Abbott's Creek [about 1760]. Coming to Beaver Creek, a tributary of Broad River, they organized a church, if indeed they did not preserve the organization already existing. Soon unner Marshall's preaching a considerable number of members were added" (Paschal p. 387). In 1762 Marshall left Veaver Creek with a few of his members and went to Horse Creek (near Stephens' Creek) ten miles from Augusta. "Here he set up a meeting [held a revival or started a church or both?] and soon made many disciples. They were joined by the 'remainder of his church' from Beaver Creek, and the Stephens' Creek [Baptist] church became a large and influential body. Under the same missionary impulse that had brought him from one frontier to another, Mr. Marshall left this charge, too, in 1771, and settled at Kioka, Georgia" (Paschal p. 388).
In the 1790's, the only Baptist church in Randolph County NC belonging to the Sandy Creek Baptist Association was the Sandy Creek Baptist Church which had 25 members. John Welborn, a licentiate [licensed to preach but not yet ordained] was pastor (Paschal p. 407). The Abbott's Creek Baptist Church in Rowan County had been reconstituted in 1777 and was again a member of the Sandy Creek Baptist Association "with 80 members under the care of Elder [Rev.] Thomas Pope, who was to continue many years in his most successful pastorate" (Paschal pp. 407-408).
According to Purefoy who wrote SANDY CREEK ASSOCIATION, "FROM ITS ORIGIN, IN A.D. 1758, TO A.D. 1805, WE HAVE NOT BEEN ABLE TO FIND ANY DOCUMENT OF THE [Sandy Creek Baptist] association. From its organization to 1805 its proceedings were never printed; they were recorded ina book annually, which was consumed by fire in the house of Brother William Lightfoot, which was burned in 1816" (Purefoy 74, Paschal 406).
#1 Does the phrase "constituent members" mean "charter members"?
#2 Were Joseph Breed and wife, Peter Stearns, Ebenezer Stearns and wife, and Enos Stinson and wife members of Sandy Creek Baptist Church [in now Randolph Co.] or Abbott's Creek Baptist Church [in now Rowan Co.] in 1760 when they left for SC? In that case, it would have been a "group exodus" from Abbott's Creek rather than Sandy Creek.
#3 Paschal mentions Elder Shubal Stearns [*] as being associated with Deep River Baptist Church in 1757 and calls him "the venerable old father Shubal Stearns himself" (p. 295). What is the relationship, if any, among Shubal Stearns, Peter Stearns, and Ebenezer Stearns?
At this time Shubal was "old" and Ebenezer had a wife. Peter was listed, but no wife was listed for him, so can we assume that Peter was at this time "young"?
#4 What were the "Regulator troubles"?
#5 Did the BREEDs and STINSONs follow Rev. Marshall to GA?
#6 Did the LIGHTFOOTs stay in NC?
#7 Who were the parents, wife, and children of Rev. John Welborn? Was he later ordained? Did the WELBORNs stay in NC?
#8 What was Rev. Daniel Marshall's wife's maiden name and who were her parents? Was she originally Presbyterian?