It is not just the fact that it is in Dutch, the handwriting is very difficult to read.
1) definitely in the military looks like 1st battalion, 5th division (afdeeling means section) born and lives here
2) can't make out the word, dont know enough about the military to try to guess.
3) definitely in jail does not say where
"buiten? (outside) beroep (occupation)
thans (because) in detentie te zijn
4) Mom is a naaister - sewstress makes, mends clothes
5) dienstbaar means of little importance, I dont think she works at all, not even as a maid even.