Manuel Dominguez is my third great grand-uncle and brother of my third great grandfather, Domingo Antoine Dominguez. Both were sons of Salvador Dominguez, born about 1735 somewhere in the Canary Islands.
The definitive work on the Dominguez (Domingue, Domangue) family in America is "Domingue of Louisiana - Immigrants to Spanish Colonia Louisiana" by Edward J. Domangue, Jr. 2801 Great Oaks Drive, Round Rock, Texas ((1991). Library of Congress Catalog No. 91-76434. Other useful Dominguez references include Din, Gilbert - The Canary Islanders of Louisiana, Baton Rouge, The Louisiana State University Press, 1988 and Marchand, Sidney - The Story of Ascension Parish, Louisiana, Donaldsonville, 1936.
From Domangue: "The Malaquenos - British attention was diverted from Florida when the American colonies revolted in 1776. Louisiana's Spanish governor Galvez began a plan to attack the British outposts in the Gulf region. Spain declared war on Britain in 1779 and for the first time colonization of the Louisiana wilderness by Spanish citizens was perceived as an integral part of colonial military objectives. Accordingly, Spanish agricultural colonists were recruited through enticements of free land. . . A military post was founded near St. Martinville in 1766 known as the Poste des Attakapas. In 1779, 500 colonnists from Malaga, Spain were settled near this outpost. . . In 1778, a second batallion was authorized for Louisiana. Seven hundred men and their families were recruited from the Canary Islands for this purpose. These Spanish islands were selected because they were overpopulated. Between 1778 and 1803, approximately 2,000 islanders were transported to New Orleans. Married recruits became agricultural colonists in four locations near the Mississippi River above and below New Orleans. The Dominguez family of Louisiana are primarily descended from the Canary Island recruits.
The Canary Islands consists of seven volcanic islands located sixty miles west from the north coast of Africa. These islands were colonized by Spain during the 16th century and have been used since the time of Columbus as a point of embarcation for the New World. . . It is believed that Manuel and Domingo Dominguez were residents of Tenerife and departed from Santa Cruz. . . Prospective imigrants were assembled on the island of Tenerife at Santa Cruz in 1778. Eight merchant sailing vessels were cntracted to transport all 700 men and their families directly to New Orleans. If an emergency arose the ships were to stop in Havana and some did. War with the British erupted in 1779 interrupting the process. Some vessels did not depart until much later and many Canary Islanders never reached New Orleans. Some stayed in Cuba and others deserted. Others died or were lost.
In July, 1778, the first vessel, the Santisimo Sacremento, left Santa Cruz with 128 recruits. Fifty-three had families. The passenger lists are part of a collection of Spanish documents which were transferred from Louisiana to Cuba and eventually to Seville, Spain. The collection is known as the Papeles de Cuba and most of it is stored in the Archivo de Indies. From the original passenger list we know that 5 Dominguez households immigrated to Louisiana. The fates of two families are documented in this book but the rest are unknown. These families were Andres, a widower and his children; Domingo and his wife Maria Candelaria, Jose and his wife Marie Francesca and their children, Manuel and his wife Juana Francesca and their cildren and Jose Dias and his two sisters. Domingo Antonio Dominguez and his wife Maria Candelaria Delgado-Aguilar had no children upon arrival, but a daughter, Maria, was born in New Orleans shortly thereafter. . . in February, 1779. This child is believed to be the first Dominguez born in Louisiana. She married Salvador Miguez and became a citizen of the fledgling Spanish colony of New Iberia, Louisiana on Bayou Teche.
After Maria was born in New Orleans, Domingo and his wife were taken to the Attakapas Post wher teh Acadians and Malaquenos were settled. For a time their family records originate in the St. Martinville Church. Although he had three sons, only one was found to have left descendants: Dominique Michel born in 1784. It is therefore thought that the Domingues who trace their lineage to Domingo must also be descendants of Dominique Michel and his Acadian wife, Margaret Leleu.
Little is known about this family. There is evidence to indicate that Domingo Dominguez and his family lived in Petit Anse and were ranchers. After 1836, their records are found in the New Iberia church, indicating they were residents of Iberia Parish. Unlike the descendants of Manuel Dominguez, the descendants of Domingo Domingues remained in Iberia Parish throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. And, unlike many of his generation, Domingo lived until age 80.
The Battle of New Orleans - When Louisiana was acquired by the United States in 1804, it was unclear whether the French and Spanish creoles would confer loyalty. The British advance on New Orleans rallied many Louisianians to the conflict. Among the new Louisiana militia were Dominguez. Domingo Domingues served in the War of 1812 in Meriam's Regiment of the Louisiana Militia.