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Burke's "BLOUNT--Barons Mountjoy and Earl of Devon"

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Burke's "BLOUNT--Barons Mountjoy and Earl of Devon"

Posted: 27 Feb 1999 5:00AM GMT
Classification: Biography
Edited: 29 Dec 2005 12:54PM GMT
Surnames: BAKEPUIZ, BEAUCHAMP, BERKELEY, BLEWET, BLOUNT, BOURCHIER, BYRON, CAMDEN, CAREY, CARLETON, CHAMPERNON, CHILDE, CORNWALL, COURTENAY, CROKE, DE AYALA, DE BEAUCHAMP, DE CAPELLA, DE COLEKIRKE, DE CRICKELOT, DE INSULA, DE MONCHENSI, DE MONTFORD, DE MOUNTJOY, DE SODINGTON, DE ST POL, DE TOLEDO, DE VALOINGS, DE VERDON, DE VERE, DE WROTHAM, DENNYS, ECHINGHAM, FERRERS, FOULHURST, GRESELEY, GREY, GRIFFITH, KEBEL, KNOWLIS, L'ISLE, LANGFORD, LAUD, LE BLOUNT, LEE, LEIGH, LOVET, MARYSON, MERIET, NEVIL, ODINSELS, OWEN, OXENBRIDGE, PARKER, RICH, SAY, SHIRLEY, SUTTON, TYRRELL, VAUX, WILLOUGHBY, WINDSOR, WOLSELEY, WOLSEY
The following is from Sir Bernard Burke's "A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire" (1883, Harrison, London). This book is in the public domain. Use as you will.

CAPS as per Burke, plus I've put "surnames" in ALL-CAPS (though not all of these may be truly surnames). Because these boards do not allow any formatting to speak of, in particular use of multiple spaces or tabs, I could not faithfully reproduce Burke's layout. I've done some rearranging to help maintain the sense of the article, including adding ____'s to force indentations.

I've been told by "experts" on medieval genealogy (viz., the gang that hangs out in GEN-MEDIEVAL-L) that Burke is not a reliable source, so caveat emptor...

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[p. 54]

BLOUNT--BARONS MOUNTJOY AND EARL OF DEVON
Barony, by Charter, dated 20 June, 1465.
Earldom, by Letters Patent, dated 21 July 1603.

Lineage.

The origin of this most ancient and distinguished family is traced from the COUNTS OF GUISNES, in Picardy, a race of nobles descended from the Scandinavian rulers of Denmark. Rodolph, 3rd County of Guisnes, had three sons, by his wife Rosetta, dau. of the Count DE ST. POL, all of whom accompanied WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR in his expedition against England, in 1066, and contributing to the triumph of their chief, shared amply in the spoils of conquest. One of the brothers returned to his native country; the other two adopted that which they had so gallantly helped to win, and abided there. Of these, Sir William LE BLOUNT, the younger, was a general of foot at Hastings, and was rewarded by grants of seven lordships in Lincolnshire; his son was seated at Saxlingham, in Norfolk, and the great-granddau. of that gentleman, sole heiress of her line, Maria LE BLOUNT, marrying, in the next century, Sir Stephen LE BLOUNT, the descendant and representative of her great-great-great-uncle, Sir Robert LE BLOUNT, united the families of the two brothers.

SIR ROBERT LE BLOUNT had the command of the CONQUEROR'S ships of war, and is styled "Dux Navium Militarium." His portion of the "spolia opima" embraced thirteen manors in Suffolk, in which county he was the 1st feudal Baron of Ixworth (the place of his residence), and Lord of Orford Castle. He m. Gundreda youngest dau. of Henry, Earl FERRERS, and had a son and heir,

GILBERT LE BLOUNT, 2nd Baron of Ixworth, who came into England with his father. This feudal lord founded a priory of black canons at Ixworth, and marrying Alicia DE COLEKIRKE, was s. by his son,

WILLIAM LE BLOUNT, 3rd Lord of Ixworth, temp. HENRY II., who rebuilt the priory of Ixworth, which had been destroyed during the contest between the Empress MAUD and King STEPHEN. By his wife, Sarah, dau. of Hubert DE MONCHENSI, he was father of

GILBERT or HUBERT LE BLOUNT, 4th baron, living 20th HENRY II. (1173), who m. Agnes de L'ISLE (DE INSULA), alive 10th RICHARD I. (1198), and had two sons, viz.,

1. WILLIAM, b. in 1153, who s. as 5th LORD OF IXWORTH, and, marrying Cecilia DE VERE, had issue,

__ I. WILLIAM, his successor.
_____ This baron d. at the age of thirty-two, in 1185, and was s. by his son,
_______ WILLIAM LE BLOUNT, 6th Lord of Ixworth, who was standard-bearer to Simon DE MONTFORD, Earl of Leicester, and fell at Lewes on 14 May, 1264. He was afterwards attainted in parliament, when the Barony of Ixworth become FORFEITED. He had m. Alicia DE CAPELLA (who lived to the 10th EDWARD I., anno 1281), but having no issue, his sisters became his co-heirs.
__ I. Agnes, m. to Sir William DE CRICKELOT; and Roisia, m. to Robert DE VALOINGS, Lord of Orford, in Suffolk; co-heirs to their brother.

__II. STEPHEN (Sir), of whose line we treat.

The chief branch of the family, the Barons of Ixworth, having, as just stated, EXPIRED with the 6th feudal lord, at the battle of Lewes, the representation devolved upon the line of the younger son of Gilbert, by Agnes DE L'ISLE, viz.,

SIR STEPHEN LE BLOUNT, living in the 10th RICHARD I., anno 1198. He m. his kinswoman, Maria LE BLOUNT, sole dau. and heiress of Sir William LE BLOUNT, the descendant and representative of Sir William LE BLOUNT, of Saxlingham, in Suffolk, one of the brothers who came over with the CONQUEROR, and thus the lines of the brothers merging formed the parent stock, whence have since sprang the different families of the name. Of this marriage there were two sons, Sir John BLOUNT (the younger), who m. Constance, one of the sisters and co-heirs of Sir Richard DE WROTHAM, justice of the Common Pleas, and the son and heir,

SIR ROBERT LE BLOUNT, who was a witness to the charter of Wilton Abbey, in Staffordshire, in the 8th HENRY III. (anno 1223). He m. Isabel, dau. and co-heir of the feudal lord of ODINSELS, and acquired the manor of Belton, co. Rutland, as a part of the lady's portion. He d. in the 17th EDWARD I. (anno 1288), leaving two sons, viz.,

__ I. RALPH (Sir), Lord of Belton, who recovered lands 14th EDWARD I. (anno 1285), in Saxlingham, which had been his grandfather's. He m. Cecilia or Alicia, dau. and co-heir of Sir John LOVET, of Hampton Lovet, co. Worcester, and was grandfather of Sir Thomas Blount, summoned to parliament as BARON BLOUNT, of Belton, in the 1st EDWARD III. (anno 1327), and of NICHOLAS LE BLOUNT, who adopted the surname of CROKE, and was ancestor of the Crokes of Studley Priory.

__II. WILLIAM (Sir).

The younger,
SIR WILLIAM LE BLOUNT, m. the Lady Isabel DE BEAUCHAMP. dau. of William, 1st Earl of Warwick, and widow of Henry LOVET, of Elmley Lovet, co. Worcester, and d. 9th or 10th of EDWARD II. (1315 or 1316), having had issue,

__ PETER, one of the chamberlains in 1313 to King EDWARD II., d.s.p.
__ WALTER, of whom we treat

The 2nd son,
SIR WALTER LE BLOUNT, of the Rock, co. Worcester, m. JOHANNA, 3rd sister and co-heir of SIR WILLIAM DE SODINGTON, who d. 30th EDWARD I. (anno 1301), and thus became proprietor of the manor of Sodington, Co. Worcester. He d. in 1322, and was s. by his son,

SIR WILLIAM LE BLOUNT, of Sodington, who had a command in Scotland in 1335. He m. Margaret, 3rd dau. and co-heir of Theobald DE VERDON, Lord of Alton Castle, co. Stafford, lord justice of Ireland. The lady was b. in 1310; there was no issue of the marriage, and Sir William dying, 11th EDWARD II. (anno 1337), seized of the castle of Weobly, in Herefordshire, Batterby, and lands in Fenton, Romesore, and Biddulph, Staffordshire, Sodington and Timberlake, in Worcestershire, as s. by his brother,

SIR JOHN LE BLOUNT, then thirty nine years of age, who was in the service of the Earl of Lancaster, and had obtained from that nobleman a grant for life of the manor of Passingham, co. Northampton. He had also lands from the earl in Holland and Duffield, co. Derby, and Tiberton, in Gloucestershire. He had two wives, 1st, ISOLDA, dau. and heir of Sir Thomas DE MOUNTJOY, by whom he acquired a large accession of estates, and had issue,

__JOHN (Sir), who m. twice, 1st, Juliana, dau. of --- FOULHURST, and 2ndly, Isabella, dau. and heir of Sir Bryan CORNWALL, of Kinlet. By the 2nd he was ancestor of the BLOUNTS of Kinlet, co. Salop, whose heir-general is WILLIAM LACON CHILDE, Esq., of Kinlet. By his 1st wife, Juliana FOULHURST, Sir John had a son,

____JOHN BLOUNT, of Sodington, ancestor of the BLOUNTS, Baronets of Sodington.

__Walter, d.s.p.

Sir John BLOUNT's 2nd wife was Eleanor, 2nd dau. of John BEAUCHAMP, of Hache, Co Somerset, and widow of John MERIET, of Meriet, in the same shire. By this lady he left at his decease, 32nd HENRY III. (1358), a son, the heroic

__SIR WALTER BLOUNT, so celebrated for his martial prowess in [p. 55] the warlike times of EDWARD III., RICHARD II., and HENRY IV., and immortalized by the muse of Shakespeare for his devotion, even unto death, to King HENRY. Sir Walter fell at the battle of Shrewsbury, 22 June, 1403, wherein, being standard bearer, he was arrayed in the same armour as his royal master, and was slain, according to the poet, in single combat, by the Earl of Douglas, who had supposed he was contending with the king himself.

In 1367 we find Sir Walter accompanying the BLACK PRINCE and his brother, the DUKE OF LANCASTER (John of Gaunt), upon the expedition into Spain to aid PETER THE CRUEL, King of Castile, and assisting on 3 April in that year at the battle of Najore, which restored PETER to his throne. Thenceforward for a seris of years, indeed until the prince's decease, he appears to have been immediately and confidentially attached to the duke, having chosen his wife, whom he m. about the year 1372, from amongst the ladies in the suite of CONSTANTIA OF CASTILE (eldest dau. of PETER, and his successor on the throne, who became the royal consort of JOHN OF GAUNT) when the princess visited England in 1369. In 1398 the duke granted 100 marks a year to Sir Walter for the good services which had been rendered to him by the knight and his wife, the Lady Sancia. The Lady Sancia's maiden designation was DONNA SANCHA DE AYALA; she was the dau. of DON DIEGO GOMEZ DE TOLEDO, alcalde mayor and chief justice of Toledo, and notario mayor or principal secretary of the kingdom of Castile, by his wife, Inez Alfon DE AYALA, one of the most ancient and illustrious houses in Spain. JOHN OF GAUNT, at his decease, appointed Sir Walter one of his executors, and bequeathed him a legacy of 100 points, £66 6s. 8d.

In 1374, Sir Walter's half-brother, Sir John BLOUNT, of Sodington, conveyed to him numerous manors, which he had inherited from his mother, Isolda, heiress of the MOUNTJOY family. In 1381 he became proprietor, by purchase, of the large estates of the BAKEPUIZ family, in cos. Derby, Stafford, Leicester, and Hertford. In 1385 he obtained a charter for a fair and free warren in his demesne lands at Barton, and other manors in Derbyshire. In 1399 he was ranger of Needwood Forest and knight of the shire for co. Derby. By his wife Donna Sancha, who survived him, and lived until 1418, he left issue,

___ I. JOHN (SIR), his heir, one of the great warriors who have immortalized the reign and times of HENRY V.
__ II. THOMAS (SIR), successor to his brother.
__III. James (Sir), who m. Anne, dau. of Roger PARKER, Esq., of Lillinghall, and was father of Roger BLOUNT, of Grendon, ancestor of the BLOUNTS of Grendon, Eldersfield, Orleton, &c.; the present male representative of the BLOUNTS of Orleton, co. Hereford, is WILLIAM BLOUNT, Esq., of that place.
__ IV. Peter, d.s.p.
___ I. Constantia, m. to John SUTTON, Lord Dudley.
__ II. Anne, m. to Thomas GRIFFITH, of Wichnor, co. Salop, living in 1415.

Sir Walter was s. by his eldest son,
SIR JOHN BLOUNT, K.G., who was governor of Calais, and defeated in Aquitaine, in 1412, a French army commanded by a marshal of France, for which achievement he was created a knight of the Garter the next year. In 1418, when Rouen was besieged by King HENRY V., Sir John BLOUNT assisted at the siege. He d. without issue, and was s. by his brother,

SIR THOMAS BLOUNT, treasurer of Normandy, who was then seated at Elwaston, in Derbyshire, and to whom the Duke of Exeter gave 1,000 marks (£666 6s. 8d.) to found a charity at Leicester. Sir Thomas m. 1st, Margaret, dau. of Sir Thomas GRESELEY, Knt., of Greseley, and dying in 1456, left issue,

___ I. WALTER (SIR), Lord High Treasurer of England, of whose line we treat.
__ II. THOMAS (SIR), of Milton Ross, co. Leicester, ancestor of the BLOUNTS of Maple Durham, co. Oxford, still resident at that ancient seat. (See BURKE'S "Landed Gentry")
___ I. Elizabeth, m. to Ralph SHIRLEY, of West Heston, in Sussex.
__ II. Sanchia, m. to Edward LANGFORD.
__III. Agnes, m. to --- WOLSELEY.

The eldest son,
WALTER BLOUNT, was made treasurer of Calais, 39th of HENRY VI., and had the same office confirmed to him upon the accession of King EDWARD IV. In the 4th year of which latter monarch's reign, he was constituted, by letters patent, dated 24 November, LORD TREASURER OF ENGLAND, and the next year, advanced, by charter, dated 20 June, to the peerage, by the title of BARON MOUNTJOY, of Thurveston, co. Derby. This nobleman became so stanch an adherent of the House of York, that he shared largely in the confiscated estates of the leading Lancastrians--particularly in those of Sir William CAREY, Sir William VAUX, and Thomas COURTENAY, Earl of Devon, obtaining thereby extensive territorial possessions in the counties of Devon, Cornwall, and Worcester. He was also honoured with the Garter. His lordship m. 1st, Helena, dau. of Sir John BYRON, of Clayton, Lancashire; and by her (who was buried at Grey Friars, London) he had three sons;

___ I. WILLIAM, m. Margaret, dau. and heir of Sir Thomas ECHINGHAM, d. before his father in 1471, leaving issue,

______1 John, d.s.p.
______2 EDWARD, 2nd Lord Mountjoy.
______1 Elizabeth, m. to Andrews, Lord Windsor.
______2 Anne, m. 1st, Sir Thomas OXENBRIDGE, and 2ndly, Sir David OWEN.

__ II. JOHN, 3rd Lord Mountjoy, s. his nephew.
__III. James (Sir), knighted by HENRY VII. on his landing at Milford Haven, and made knight banneret 2nd HENRY VII., after the battle of Newark.

His lordship, who m. 2ndly, Anne, dau. of Ralph NEVIL, Earl of Westmoreland, and relict of Humphrey, Duke of Buckingham, d. 1 August, 1474, and was s. by his grandson.

EDWARD BLOUNT, 2nd baron, who died the following year, having attained only the eighth year of his age, when his estates devolved upon his sister, but the Barony of Mounjoy reverted to his uncle.

SIR JOHN BLOUNT, 3rd baron, who d. in 1485, leaving by his will, bearing date 6 October in that year, a chain of gold with a gold lion set with diamonds, to his son, Rowland BLOUNT, and to his dau., Constantia, £100 for her marriage portion. His lordship, who was governor of Guisnes, m. Lora, dau. of Sir Edward BERKELEY, of Beverton Castle, co. Gloucester. His issue were, WILLIAM, his heir; Rowland, d.s.p., 1509; Lors, d. 1480; and Constantia, m. to Sir Thomas TYRRELL, of Heron, Essex. The elder son,

WILLIAM BLOUNT, 4th baron, K.G., was called to the privy council upon the accession of HENRY VII., and was constituted in the 1st year of HENRY VIII., master of the Mint in the Tower of London, as also throughout the whole realm of England, and the town of Calais. His lordship subscribed, in the latter reign, to the articles against Cardinal WOLSEY, and the letter to POPE CLEMENT VII., regarding the king's divorce from Queen CATHERINE. He m. 1st, Elizabeth, dau. and co-heiress of Sir William SAY, by whom he had two daus., Gertrude, m. to Henry COURTENAY, Marquess of Exeter; and Mary, m. to Sir Henry BOURCHIER, earl of Essex. His lordship m. 2ndly, Alice KEBEL, and had a son CHARLES, his heir; and a dau. Catherine, m. 1st, to John CHAMPERNON, and 2ndly, to Sir Maurice BERKELEY, of Bruton. His lordship m. 3rdly, Dorothy, dau. of Thomas GREY, Marquis of Dorset, relict of Robert WILLOUGHBY, Lord Brooke, and had issue, John, d.s.p.; Dorothy, m. to Roger BLEWET; and Mary, m. to Sir Robert DENNYS. He d. in 1536, and was s. by his son,

CHARLES BLOUNT, 5th baron, who in the 36th HENRY VIII., served in the rear-guard of the army then sent into France. His lordship d. 14 October, 1544, leaving issue by his wife Anne, dau. and heir of Robert WILLOUGHBY, Baron Brooke, JAMES; John d.s.p.; Francis m. Catherine, dau. of John CARLETON, esq., of Brightwell, Oxon, and d.s.p.; and William, d.s.p. The eldest son,

JAMES BLOUNT, s. as 6th baron. This nobleman was one of the peers who sat in judgment upon Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, temp. ELIZABETH. His lordship m. Catherine, dau. and sole heir of Sir Thomas LEIGH or LEE, of St. Oswalds, co. York, and had issue, WILLIAM; Charles; Christopher (Sir), m. Letitia, eldest dau. of Sir Francis KNOWLIS, K.G., and was beheaded in 1601; and Anne, d.s.p. He d. in 1593, and was s. by his eldest son,

WILLIAM BLOUNT, 7th baron, who d. in 1594, s.p., and was s. by his brother,

CHARLES BLOUNT, 8th baron. Before he inherited the peerage, this nobleman, being a person of high military reputation, had a command in the fleet which defeated the famous Spanish Armada: and a few years afterwards succeeded the Earl of Sussex in the governorship of Portsmouth. In 1597 his lordship was constituted lord lieutenant of Ireland; and in two years after repulsed the Spaniards with great gallantry at Kinsale. Upon the accession of King JAMES, he was reinvested with the same important office, and created by letters patent, dated 21 July, 1603, EARL OF DEVONSHIRE, being made at the same time a knight of the Garter. The high public character of the earl was, however, considerably tarnished by one act of his private life, the seduction of Penelope, sister of the Earl of Essex, and wife of Robert, Lord Rich. By this lady he had several children; and upon his return from Ireland, finding her divorced from her husband, he married her at Wanstead, in Essex, on 26 December, 1605, the ceremony being performed by his chaplain, William LAUD, afterwards archbishop of Canterbury. CAMDEN says that this nobleman was so eminent for valour and learning, that in those respects "he had no superior, and but few equals," and his secretary MARYSON, [p. 56] writes, "that he was beautiful in person, as well as valiant; and learned, as well as wise." His lordship d. 3 April, 1606, and leaving no legitimate issue, all his honours became EXTINCT.

Arms--Barry nebulée of six, or and sa.

==============

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SubjectAuthorDate Posted
DianaFlorida 27 Feb 1999 12:00PM GMT 
Chrysty 8 Oct 1999 12:00PM GMT 
Pam Carey Rawski 22 Feb 2000 12:00PM GMT 
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