Carroll and Katy,
The GoodSpeed reference was printed in 1889, supposedly with the input of the Carroll Clan as a lot of different sons and grandsons of Hugh are mentioned.
So far, I have found that most of GoodSpeeds info on the Carrolls seems to be mostly correct. If John did not die until 1895, then presumabably he knew what was printed and would have corrected any mistake on his first wife.
I have not seen the Starr book, but understand from NA researchers that he is considered a superstar, at least about Cherokee research.
I have found nothing that would make me think any of the CarrollÂ´s were indian. I think Hugh was acting for the US government in moving them to IT and may or may not have had indian sympathies. If some of his children were partly raised in IT, then I can understand they could become attached to the Cherokee.
As to whether Hugh and Stephen were related, I have no idea. I do know:
1830 Census East Tennessee, by Byron Sistler (Evanston, III: Byron Sistler & Associates, 1969), p. 53. Grainger Co., p. 367, line 7 Shelton, James 201001-121101
There is a Hugh Carroll residing near this James Shelton in 1830 Grainger:
p.367, line 22 Carroll, Hugh 20002-0001
1840: Hugh Carrol, Barry Co., Missouri, p. 040 (6) Sugar Creek Twp.
2-1-0-0-0-1 males 0-0-1-0-0-1 females
NOTE: (This is now part of McDonald Co. was still actually a part of Barry Co., MO in 1840. When McDonald Co. was formed, Barry Co. lost this area)
This may not be the same Hugh Carroll as Hugh was 36 and his wife was 30 in 1840. The 1840 census shows only 4 children total. By 1850 when he was only 46, Hugh has 8 children living with him and 5 are over 10 years old. These children do not tally in 1840? In addition, in 1840 Ralph and John Carroll would have been under 15 or so-John would have been 12 so would have been home so the 1840 census should presumabably show 7 children.
As I said at the start, I am mainly interested in Hugh Carrolls wife, Anna, but Carrolls are an interesting family.