Many people on Ancestry are confused about First Fleet convict Elizabeth Cole. The reason being that there were TWO Elizabeth Cole's on the First Fleet ships to Australia in 1788. One committed her crime and was tried at the Old Bailey in London. The other, my ancestor, committed hers and was tried in Exeter, Devon...
From The Crimes of the First Fleet Convicts:-
Place and date of trial: Devon Lent Assizes, held at Exeter on 20 March 1786 before Sir James Eyre Knt. and Sir Beaumont Hotham Knt.
Crime and sentence: (a) "Com'd 15 September by James Carrington C'l for Breaking & Entering a Dwelling house."
(b) "For feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of William Cox between 10 and 11 in the forenoon no person being therein and stealing thereout one womans stuff Gown val. 7s. and other goods val. 5l. 9s. the property of Jane Cox Spr."
"House-breaking. Guilty value 4s. To be transported beyond the seas for the term of 7 years."
Appears in: Western Circuit Transportation Order Book 1771-1789; Order in Council No. 1 (March 85), p. 4(a); Ross's Returns (Coole), p. 247; Richard's Returns, p. 279.
References: (1) PRO Assizes 23/8; (2) PRO Assizes 24/26; (3) Devon Record Office, Gaol Calendar, Epiphany Sessions, 1786.
From First Fleet Online:-
She was tried at Exeter, Devon on 20 March 1786 for burglary with a value of 4 shillings. She was sentenced to transportation for 7 years and left England on the Charlotte aged about 26 at that time (May 1787). She had no occupation recorded. She died in 1821.
From General Musters of New South Wales, Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land - 1811:-
Status: convict [shouldn't that be ex-convict?!]
Name: Cole, Elizabeth
Ship of Arrival: Charlotte [and Friendship]
Trial date: 1784 [should read 1786]
Trial place: Exeter
Sentence: 7 years
From "The Founders of Australia" by Mollie Gillen, Library of Australian History, Sydney, 1989:
Elizabeth was a First Fleet convict who was transported to Australia on the "Charlotte" (at departure), then the "Friendship" (at Rio de Janeiro) on which ship she met a Marine, William Ellis, and had a child by him (Thomas Cole, bap. 9 August 1789 at Port Jackson). The "Friendship" arrived in Australia on 19 January 1788 and Elizabeth probably set foot in Australia on 6 February 1788.
Elizabeth and baby Thomas were transferred to Norfolk Island on the "Sirius" on 6 March 1790. There she met and married James Tucker, a Second Fleet convict, and had two daughters, Sarah and Maria, the former dying soon after birth.
In the late 1790s Elizabeth moved in with Richard Burrows and they had three children, Richard, Ann and John. On 3 September 1808, the Burrows family, and most other Norfolk Island settlers, were transferred to Van Diemen's Land aboard the "City of Edinburgh", arriving on 2 October. The family farmed land in the New Norfolk area. On 25 February 1810 Elizabeth and Richard were finally married, as reported in the Derwent Star newspaper on 6 March: "On Monday 25th R.C. Burrows to Elizabeth Tucker, both late of Norfolk Is.. They had cohabited together fourteen years, verifying at last the old addage better late than never."
On 20 September 1813 Richard was granted 40 acres of land at Glenorchy, near the Black Snake river. Sometime before 1818, Richard acquired a ferry to transport people and goods across the Derwent River. On 17 February 1818 the ferry capsized, causing Richard and all but one of his passengers to drown. Richard's body was found near his home on 10 March and he was buried that day.
Elizabeth died on 31 January 1821 aged 59 years. She is buried in St David's churchyard with Richard.