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The Four Benjamins - Part Two

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The Four Benjamins - Part Two

Donald Panther-Yates (View posts)
Posted: 8 Aug 2002 11:10AM GMT
Classification: Query
Surnames: COOPER ERWIN SAUNDERS COLE MICKLE WILLIAMSON BAILEY HOUSTON PETTYCOB HOWELL HOWARD ASHLEY ANDREWS KELLEY ROSS MOSHULATUBBEE BLACKFOX
Here are the other two Benjamin Coopers. The first appears to be my ancestor.
Donald Panther-Yates

Benjamin Cooper No. 3 aka James, son of Reuben, of Surry Co., Va.

3. JAMES2 (Benjamin) COOPER (REUBEN or Robert1) was born Abt. 1703, and died 1734 in Southwick, Surry Co., Va.. He married ELIZABETH KELLEY Abt. 1720. She was born 1699 in Pa., and died in Loudon Co., Va..

Notes for JAMES COOPER:
Granville, North Carolina
Unrecorded Wills 1749-1771
Roll# C.044.80001 North Carolina State Archives, Raleigh, N.C. page 18: Benjamin Cooper.
May be the same, and father James=Reuben.


Benjamin Cooper seems to have married his cousin (brother?) James's widow Elizabeth Kelley.


Children of JAMES COOPER and ELIZABETH KELLEY are:
i. JOHN3 COOPER, b. Abt. 1723, Lunenburg, Surry, Va.; d. 1768; m. LUCRETIA ANDREWS; b. Abt. 1725, S.C..

Notes for JOHN COOPER:
Will Abstract in Lunenberg Co., Va.: 113. Cooper, John 2-7-1767; 4-14-1768; W.B. 2/322
Mentions: Wife: Lucretia Cooper
Son: Charles Cooper
Executors: Frances Cooper, William Cooper (sons)
Witnesses: John Williams, Peter (his X mark) Andras,
Abraham (his X mark) Andrews.

ii. THOMAS COOPER, b. 1724, Phila., Pa.; d. 1799.

Notes for THOMAS COOPER:
If Thomas was born in Philadelphia, then James Cooper came to Surry Co., Va. after his birth, around 1725--the same time Benjamin Cooper is recorded to have come, suggesting they were related.

iii. WILLIAM A. COOPER, b. Abt. 1725, Surry Co., Va. (?); d. Abt. 1781, Nashborough, Cumberland Settlement (?); m. SARAH; b. Abt. 1725, Chickasaw country (?).

Notes for WILLIAM A. COOPER:
"Cooper is a word derived from coop, something to keep or hold things, whether in a cask or a hen in her prison. A Cooper is then one who makes coops, barrels, tubs, etc. The Anglo-Saxon word was 'Cepan or Kepan.' The English word Cowper sprang from the Sussex branch of the family whose members used that spelling until 1495, when they changed the spelling to Cooper. The branches of the family have flourished in Berkshire, Gloucester, Dorset, Wiltshire, Surrey, Sussex and Oxford. They have been prominent as officials and noted as breeders of fine stock, agriculturists and also in literature, medicine, as clergymen, lawyers and teachers in the affairs of Great Britain. They are also famous as soldiers and are jovial, public spirited, modest and ambitious. They have been famous as raconteurs and quick at repartee, fearless and temperate and as a family always commanded the respect of their contemporaries. Peter Cooper built the first railroad in the United States. Another member of the family built the Keokuk Dam on the Mississippi River and is rated one of the greatest civil engineers in the world.

According to English Ancestral Names - The Evolution of the Surname from Medieval Occupations - J.R. Dolan - Clarkson N. Potter, Inc. - New York (1972), Cooper is an Askenazic anglicized form of Kupfer and Kupper(e). Cooper could indicate a cabinetmaker, toolmaker, molder or minter as well as barrel maker.

"Simon Cooper was the first of the name to become noted in official affairs in England, being appointed Sheriff of London in 1310. This was in the fourth year of the reign of King Edward II. He was the acknowledged ancestor of the great and widespread family of the name in the British Isles. His son, Robert Cooper, became groom of the bed chamber to King Henry V. Descending through several generations, various members of the family have held high positions in official life in Great Britain.
Sir john Cooper was the member of Parliament fro the Borough of Whitechurch, Hampshire in 1586. One of his daughters married Robert Baker, envoy of King James to the Spanish throne. His son, John, was created a Baronet July 4, 1622. He married Anne, daughter of Sir Anthony Ashley and through her acquired practically all of the vast estates of the Ashely family.

"Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper, their son, was the author and member of Parliament who succeeded in passing the law giving right of Habeas Corpus in England. He became Lord High Chancellor of England during the reign of King Charles. He was one of the ablest generals against Oliver Cromwell. He later espoused the cause of Cromwell. His descendant is the present Sir Anthony Ashley-Cooper, Earl of Shaftesbury (seat: St. Giles House, Dorset and Belfast Castle). The family obtained the large estates in Ireland of confiscated lands granted by Cromwell about 1653. The estates are near Belfast."
--William Ross Cooper, History of the Cooper and Ross Families of England, Scotland, Ulster & America (about 1932).

Name could be William A. (Abraham? Alvin? Ashley?) Cooper or William H. Cooper. Apparently moved from Carolinas to Virginia, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, Tennessee and Choctaw territory. His children are recorded in the Spanish census of 1792 on which see Ellen Pack at http://www.rootsweb.com/~msswterr/1792cs.htm. Our oldest land record is a Spanish land grant on Second Creek dated Oct. 1, 1787 in the name of William Cooper (evidently the same as William Huston Cooper). A William Cooper received another grant on Sandy Creek dated Jan. 1, 1793.

William Cooper accompanied Daniel Boone to Kentucky in 1775. He raised a corn crop in 1775-1776 on the left bank of Otter Creek above Clover Bottom near Boonsboro. Employed by Richard Henderson to assist Boone and others in clearing the Wilderness Road. A William Cooper died in the defense of Ft. Nashborough. On Jan. 12, 1783, "The heirs of William Cooper deceased obtained a preemption of 640 acres of land lying on the north side of Cumberland River on the second branch above the mouth of Gasper's Lick Creek about 2 miles up said branch, including a spring and tree marked thus R E running down said branch for compliment." This appears to be in Sumner Co. See The Preemptors. Middle Tennessee's First Settlers, Vol. 1, by Irene M. Griffey.

A William Cooper probably a grandson married Susan King, daughter of Choctaw chief Moshulatubbee, and the family is listed on the 1855/1856 Choctaw Payroll from San Bois County (no. 133). Her brother was McKee King. Their children were Henry, Alexander, Caldwell, Israel, Thompson and Steven. See Choctaw-Chickasaw Citizenship Court Case Files, Case 39. 7RA324, Roll 13.

In 1698, William and Joseph Cooper, a guide and linguister, from the Carolinas began the first regular trade with the Cherokees. James Adair, History of the American Indians, names Joseph Cooper as one of the first traders among the Cherokee in 1730-35 (p. 238n.). Joseph is also commended by the trade commission in Charleston as a linguister (Letter to Capt. William Hatton at Keowee, June 17, 1717). Joseph was William's older brother. One or the other had a trade house in Charleston about 1710, as the Board of Commissioners of the Indian Trade met at "Mr. Cooper's." They helped Sir Alexander Cumming win "The Crown of Tanasi" and bring the Cherokee delegation to England in 1730. See William O. Steele, The Cherokee Crown of Tannassy, John F. Blair, Winston-Salem, N.C., 1977.

Joseph had a trading house at the Lower Town of Keeowee, near where their mother also lived. He died and was buried in Savannah, March 29, 1735. That same year, a Mrs. Mary Cooper is recorded as a landholder who rented out a house in Savannah (Colonial Records of Georgia 2:185)--perhaps Joseph's widow. Note that an Isaac Cooper b. 1699 had siblings Joseph b. abt. 1691 d. 1720 m. Mary and William d. 1736 m. Mary Groom. They were children of James and Hester Cooper and grandchildren of George Ashley Cooper, brother of the Earl of Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Proprietor of the Carolina colony, after whom the Cooper river in Charleston was named and whose successor served as a trustee of the Georgia colony. George Ashley Cooper was born July 22, 1621 in St. Giles, Dorsetshire, and died Jan. 28, 1682. He owned estates in Barbados. There are legends that the Coopers were originally English, then Scottish, and later Irish, helping Cromwell reduce Ireland.

A William Cooper, son of William, was christened March 2, 1655 in Saint Phillip, Barbardos.

The Coopers may have been kinsmen of the O'Donnels. The first O'Donnel detached himself from the DeSoto exploration and became an adventurer among the Indians (information of Edmund Haag of San Antonio). The Coopers were "pure Cherokee" according to informants in Ft. Payne around 1955. A Christopher Cooper was secretary to the Lost Colony of Sir Walter Ralegh later absorbed by the Indians who became known as the Lumbee. Cooper is a Melungeon name.

A William Cooper, R.S. born in the James River section of Virginia who married Polly Harrison, moved to Granville Co., N.C., then Union Co., S.C. and explored Kentucky with Daniel Boone, who recorded his name as Cook. Source: Leonardo Andrea Papers Roll 80, South Carolina Historical Society, letter from Mr./Mrs. Adlai Robin Yates of Bogalusa, La., Dec. 4, 1955. He was the son of William of Lower Norfolk Co., son of another William b. abt. 1686. This family seems unrelated.

A Benjamin Cooper who married Elizabeth Cannon may have been William A. Cooper's brother.

A William Cooper was killed in the defense of Nashville and his heirs received a grant in Sumner Co.:
Record of the Tax, Paid for the paying of, the Militia employed in cutting the road and escorting families from the town and of Clinch Mountain to the Cumberland Settlements August 25th 1789 Part I by Linda Carpenter Compiled by E. James Keen 1997. On May 10, 1784 the legislature voted a grant to his heirs for the defense of Nashville.
Cooper, William (Heirs)
"
640
6-4 3/4

Apparently the William Cooper mentioned in H. R. 2345 (or father): To extend Federal recognition to the Chickahominy Tribe, the Chickahominy Indian Tribe--Eastern Division, the Upper Mattaponi Tribe, the Rappahannock Tribe, Inc., the Monacan Tribe, and the Nansemond Tribe. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES June 27, 2001

From Chronicles of Kentucky Border Warfare for April 1789: In April, Matthias, Simon and Michael Schoolcraft left Buchannon fort, and went to the head of Stone coal creek for the purpose of catching pigeons. On their return, they were fired upon by Indians, and Matthias killed-the other two were taken captive. These were the last of the Schoolcraft family,--fifteen of them were killed or taken prisoners in the space of a fewyears. Of those who were carried into captivity, none ever returned. They were believed to have consociated with the savages,and from the report of others who were prisoners to the Indians, three of them used to accompany war parties, in their incursions into the settlements.
In the same month, as some men were returning to Cheat river from Clarksburg (where they had been to obtain certificates of settlement-rights to their lands, from the commissioners appointed to adjust land claims in the counties of Ohio, Youghiogany and Monongalia) they after having crossed the Valley river, were encountered by a large party of Indians and John Manear, Daniel Cameron and a Mr. Cooper were killed and the others effected their escape with difficulty.

As Jewish surname Cooper also appears as Shapiro, Sapiro, Shaeffer, Spier, Spiro, Sofer, Hooper, Cuoper, etc. If the Coopers were like the Houstons and Adairs with whom they intermarried they migrated to Pennsylvania from County Antrim, Ireland in the 1730s arriving in Baltimore or Philadelphia. Before Cromwell they probably lived in Coupar, Fife, Scotland. This appears to be the seat of an Alexander Cooper whose descendants included John Cooper, son of Isles Cooper, of Currytuck, N.C.

There is a place name or town called Cooper in Nash Co., N.C. where our Coopers were plantation overseers for Lord Anthony Ashley-Cooper, earl of Shaftesbury.

More About WILLIAM A. COOPER:
Census: 1771, Also 1773, Bute Co. N.C. tax list
Ethnicity/Relig.: Sephardic Jewish, possibly mixed with Indian
Fact: 1750, Granville Co., N.C. tax list, with 2 slaves Ben and Sam, again 1755
Residence: Of Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky and Tennessee

More About SARAH:
Ethnicity/Relig.: Sarah must have been Choctaw or part Choctaw for Henry and the other children were considered Choctaw

iv. JOHNANA COOPER, b. Abt. 1729.
v. MARTHA COOPER, b. Abt. 1731.



Benjamin Cooper No. 4: Another Quaker Family

4. BENJAMIN3 COOPER (JOSEPH2, WILLIAM1) was born Abt. 1691, and died 1772. He married (1) RACHEL MICKLE 1718. He married (2) ELIZABETH COLE February 25, 1733/34.

Notes for BENJAMIN COOPER:
Some researchers give William and Elizabeth Williamson Cooper as Benjamin's parents. If so, siblings were Joseph, Edward, John, George, James, Ann Bailey, Elizabeth Williamson and Jacob. William Cooper of Norfolk left his will in 1732. A previous William left a will in the same place in 1693. Possibly the Benjamin Cooper who served as a juror in Surry Co., Va., 1712. An orphans court in 1693 ordered a Joseph Cooper to produce a Benjamin Cooper.

Children of BENJAMIN COOPER and ELIZABETH COLE are:
i. JAMES4 COOPER, b. January 18, 1739/40, Phila. or N.J. (?); d. December 15, 1816; m. (1) SARAH ERWIN; b. Abt. 1740; d. April 12, 1779; m. (2) HANNAH SAUNDERS, Aft. 1779; b. Abt. 1740.
ii. JOSEPH COOPER, b. December 01, 1735.
iii. BENJAMIN COOPER, b. January 13, 1736/37.
iv. SAMUEL COOPER, b. June 25, 1744.
v. WILLIAM COOPER, b. June 28, 1746.
vi. ISAAC COOPER, b. June 08, 1751.


SubjectAuthorDate Posted
Donald Panther-Yates 8 Aug 2002 5:10PM GMT 
Gloria 17 Aug 2002 11:59PM GMT 
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