Bad genealogy will not go away on its own. Here is some good research by Ariel Crowley, several years ago which should have put to rest the bad genealogy that Jeffrey of Virgina was a son of Richard of Swalcliff, yet the bogus story continues to surface. Nor is Jeffrey of Virginia a son of Ben. Crowley son of Ambrose II, as shown below.
From pages 365ff of Crowley-Olmstead Index, a manuscript on microfilm containing the research of A.L.Crowley of Idaho. What follows is a continuation of the prior item on Rowley Regis Crowleys.
Â“The possibility that some relationship, undetermined, exists between the Rowley Regis family and that of Swalcliff certainly exists. Richard Crowley (CroleyÂ—he used both spellings) son of Thomas Crowley, lived and died at Swalcliff and his will was proved there 31 July 1758. He had five sons, Edward, Jeffrey, John, Woulston and Michael. Upon present findings the occurrence of the name Jeffrey is a coincidence. Edward resided at Epwell, and is believed by the distinguished author and genealogist Margaret Whiting Spilhaus of Rodesbosch, Cape, South Africa, to be her ancestor. For a time the pedigree drawn up by this scholar and dear friend and collaborator of this compiler, was thought to be of the Rowley Regis family also, but this is not now acceptable in the light of the findings set forth herein.
Â“The will of Jeffrey Crowley, son of Richard, has not been found, but his estate was probated and is documented in Mss. Willis, Bodieian Library, London, 186--, fol. 132 V, where Mary CrowlelyÂ’s bond for probate and for care of the three sons of Jeffrey, Richard, Nathaniel (born 9 March 1577/8 at Swalcliffe) and Robert (born there 25 Jan 1579) is found. A copy of the bond is included in the manuscript of A.L.Crowley.
Â“Of JeffreyÂ’s three sons it appears possible that Robert Crowley could be the father of Robert Crowley who married Margareet Pebblesham and was in Virginia before 27 Aug 1637, on which date they presented their son Thomas Crowley for baptism in Bristol Parish (Dinwiddie and Prince George Counties, Virginia).
Â“RobertÂ’s brother Nathaniel who was long believed to be the father of NathanielÂ’s supposed son Ambrose Crowley is not father but merely kinsman in some degree. Ambrose married Mary Grainger, probably of Halesowen, and was the first to dwell at Rowley Regis. Ambrose I was born in 1598 and his will was proved 3 Oct 1680. He was father of Ambrose II who was baptised 13 June 1635 at Stourbridge (Oldswinford Parish) in Worcestershire, a short distance from Rowley Regis. Ambrose II was a staunch Quaker and his family is found of record in the Friends Records accordingly.
Â“Ambrose I had children: Ambrose II, Mary who married Thomas Franck and became the mother of nine children,, Margaret a spinster and Nathaniel who married Mary ----.
Â“Ambrose II married (1) Mary Hall, by whom he had two sons, Ambrose III (Sir Ambrose who was considered the genius of the Iron Empire) and John, who died without issue. The male line descending from Sir Ambrose is extinct, and the Ashburnham and Lloyd families through the female side. Mary Hall was the daughter of Thomas Hall.
Â“Ambrose Crowley II married (2) Sarah Morris, daughter of Samuel Morris and his wife Judith. Of this marriage there were born:
1. Samuel, born 27 Oct 1669, obviously named for his grandfather Samuel Morris. He was apprenticed to his elder half-brother Sir Ambrose Crowley, but forsook his apprenticeship and went to sea (Men of Iron, pp 23, 25, 234). [The wording of A.L.Crowley leaves the erroneous impression that the sea experience may have been a permanent one. Actually Ambrose II only learned of the voyage after Samuel had abandoned it.]
2. Daniel, b. 2 Sep 1671, d. 11 Apr 1700 in Eng.
3. Joseph, b. 21 Aug 1673, d. 29 Aug 1699 in Eng.
4. Sarah, b. 5 Sep 1677
5. Benjamin, b. 22 Dec 1678, married Anna Hall Deffells, widow of Thomas Deffells of Kingswinford, Staffordshire, Eng. 21 Dec 1703 at Kingswinford. Two children were known to have been b. of this marriage, Ambrose, b. 18 Sep 1704, and Sarah, b. 28 Apr 1798. Anne Hall Deffells, by her first husband Thomas Deffells, had a daughter Anne Elizabeth, who married John Crowley. So mother and daughter both married into the Crowley family. It is from the marriage of Benjamin Crowley to Anne Hall Deffells, in the interim between the birth of their child Ambrose in 1704 and their child Sarah in 1708, that it was long supposed that Jeffrey Crowley might have been born to these parents. This is now clearly untenable. Benjamin Crowley d. 25 Feb 1724 in Eng.
6. Judith b. 28 Dec 1680
7. Thomas, b. 16 June 1683, d. 28 May 1689
8. Phoebe, d. as an infant
9. Susanna b. 11 Nov 1685
10. Phoebe the second of the name, b. 11 Jul 1687
11. John, b. 27 Apr 1689, d. 2 Jan 1728 in Eng. Was Member of Parliament for Okehampton
12. James b. 7 Sep 1690
Â“Upon the foregoing facts, the reasons why it was thought that Jeffrey Crowley might have been a child of Benjamin and Anne are apparent. Jeffrey named one son Benjamin and the other Samuel, and a daughter Mary, giving the appearance of a family pattern of nomenclature.
Â“That such appearance was appearance only, in the rigid sense beyond mere kinship and inter family adoption of names out of the Â“clanÂ” is of course demonstrated in the determination that Jeffrey Crowley was not of Benjamin and AnneÂ’s family. The name Benjamin, itself, occurs rather frequently in other units of the wide-spread numerous instances of use of that given name. Benjamin Crowley m. Elizabeth Turner at BedfordÂ’s St Peter Martin in 1637. Benjamin Crowley, Quaker, m. Sarah Robbins in 1693. Benjamin Crowley m. Ann Rogers at Enfield, Middlesex, in 1703. Benjamin Crowly m. Sarah Halsy at Kensworth, Hertfordshire in 1715. In America there was a Benjamin Crowley in Amelia County, VA, in the census of 1782, whose estate was in probate to 1806. There was a Benjamin Crowley in Petersburg in 1815, Benjamin Crowley of Barnivelle, SC, husband of Susannah, d. in 1812 and left a daughter Ann and a son William.
Â“The name Benjamin persists in the descendents of Jeffrey Crowley, through Benjamin his son, evidenced by the naming of Crowley Ridge, Arkansas for Benjamin Crowley, the first postmaster there, and even a grandson of this compiler bears the name Benjamin (Johnson).
Â“The name Samuel likewise persists. As seen, Jeffrey named his second son Samuel. [Note: this staterment and others in this article indicate that A.L.Crowley penned this paper following the publication of FlinnÂ’s book and prior to the revision of 1984 concerning admission by A.L.Crowley that John Crowley was a son of Jeffrey] Benjamin Crowley and his wife Anne Hall Deffells had no son by that name but Benjamin had a brother Samuel as above noted, who went to sea and may well have reached Virginia. In the days when Jeffrey Crowley resided in Orange County, VA, a shown in the chronology, Samuel Crowley was there and clearly close to Jeffrey, once as a witness for George Home (Hume) and once as a plaintiff against him. Jeffrey may well have derived the name of his son from this Samuel. In England the name Samuel Crowley does not appear in the Rowley Regis Parish Register although the name was there. The reason was that the family were Quakers and the entries are in the Friends Register, not the parish register. This Samuel waa BenjaminÂ’s brother above mentioned.
Â“It is thus clear that while Jeffrey Crowley is not of the Benjamin Crowley---Anne Hall Deffells direct line, the possibility that the names of his children arose from clan sources in which that line was involved, cannot be excluded.
Â“Something similar obviously may be said about the name John. John Crowley was close to Jeffrey, and the name is very common among descendents of Virginia Crowley families, although Jeffrey had no son John and neither his son Benjamin. [In the revision of 1984 A.L.Crowley changed his opinion and came to the final conclusion that the eldest son of Jeffrey was John Crowley who went to Georgia and lived on land which adjoined Benjamin Crowley.]
Â“Observation of the names of the Crowleys in the parished surrounding Birmingham forces upon the mind the conclusion that the Crowleys consistently follows name pattern very like each other in all branches. A casual examination of the index herein will demonstrate the point.