My mother, Margaret Gilliland, was descended from Alexander Gilliland and his son James Abel Gilliland who emigrated to Texas from Alabama in 1836 when he was twelve with his widowed mother Mary Haney Gilliland. This information comes from the "History of the Gilliland Family" a pamphlet compiled by Maude C. Gilliland and published in San Antonio, Texas in 1957. Unfortunately, this document does not mention any other children of Alexander Gilliland. The following quote from Maude Gilliland's "History" may be useful.
The lineage of Alexander Gilliland is not well established. From the Â°History of the Gilliland Family" compiled by Maude C. Gilliland (wife of Grenade Donaldson Gilliland) published in 1957 in San Antonio Texas the following is quoted.
There are Gillilands in Overton County, Tenn. who have furnished me history of their family which states traditions in their family that say the Gillilands emigrated from Scotland to North Ireland in the Sixteenth Century, and that some of them crossed to America about 1760, their names being: JAMES, ROBERT, AND HUGH and that they first located in Pa. and after the Revolutionary War their great grandfather, James Gilliland, moved to South Carolina.
There is a probability that this James Gilliland was one of the members of the family of the James Gilliland that located in Greenbrier County, West Va. and that he is one of the brothers that we mention as going to Greenbrier County from the family of seven brothers and three sisters that came to this country between 1760-1770. From this James Gilliland has descended many of the Gillilands that live in the South and Southwest, and that this James Gilliland who was the forefather of the Gillilands in Tennessee and Alabama, had a son ALEXANDER GILLILAND, whose son was REV. JAMES GILLILAND. Rev. James Abel Gilliland was the father of Grenade Drake Gilliland. (Alexander Gilliland was a teacher).
REV. JAMES ABEL GILLILAND was the father of Grenade Drake Gilliland (and grandfather of J. E. Gilliland and Mrs. Gessie Witten, Fairview, Texas). GRENADE DRAKE GILLILAND was born in Talladaga, Ala., Feb. 5, 1826.
Rev. James Abel Gilliland died in Alabama when Grenade Drake was about two years old..
In 1836 Gen. Sam Houston defeated the Mexicans in trhe battle of San Jacinto and secured the freedom of Texas, and was elected President of the New Republic.
After this, many families came to Texas to make their home. There were families from Alabama, Tenn., and Miss. Among those from Ala. in the covered wagon train coming to Texas, were MARY HANEY GILLILAND, (widow of Rev. James Abel Gilliland) and her family including Grenade Drake who was about twelve years old. They settled in Lockhart, Caldwell County, Texas, in 1838.