GENEALOGICAL and PERSONAL MEMOIRS
Relating to the Families of Boston and Eastern Massachusetts
Prepared under the editorial supervision of William Richard CUTTER, A. M.
Historian of the New England Historic Genealogical Society; Librarian of Woburn Public Library; Author of “The Cutter Family,” “History of Arlington,” “Bibliography of Woburn,” etc., etc.
Volume I.; Illustrated
New York; Lewis Historical Publishing Company; 1908
Pages 152 - 154
This surname has long been held by an old and eminently respectable English family, and the branch here to be considered traces easily to the years of the fifteenth century; but our present narrative has chiefly to deal with the descendants of John Gove, born in England in 1604, came from London to New England in 1646, with his family, and settled in the plantation at Charlestown, Massachusetts.
(I) John Gove, said to have been the common ancestor of nearly all who bear that surname in this country, brought with him to New England in 1646 his wife Sarah, born in England in 1601, and their children, two sons and one daughter. He was a mechanic, a dealer and worker in brass, but he lived only about one year after settling in Charlestown. His elder son John, born in England, in 1627, lived in Charlestown, where he was a turner by trade, a deacon of the church many years, constable and tythingman
(II) Edward Gove, younger son of John and Sarah Gove, born in 1630, in England, came to America with his parents in 1646. About 1665 he went to New Hampshire and settled in Hampton, where he became a man of influence and considerable means. In 1683 he was a member of the assembly which was summarily dissolved on the order of Governor Cranfield, an action that aroused great public indignation and caused the people of New Hampshire to show their resentment of the gubernatorial assumption of authority by a formidable movement of which Edward Gove himself was the guiding spirit and which had for its purpose the overthrow of the government as then established. For this offense, which was charged as treason against the crown, Edward Gove and ten other leading men, one of whom was his son John, who were conspicuously identified with the opposition to Cranfield's arbitrary and unwarranted action, were brought to court, tried and convicted. Gove himself received the sentence of death and his estate was confiscated, but the other alleged offenders were pardoned. He was sent to England in irons, there imprisoned for three years in London tower, then was pardoned and his estates restored to him.
In speaking of the events noted above, Mr. Dow, in his most excellent "History of Hampton," has characterized Governor Cranfield as "a man as unprincipled and as greedy of gain as the king himself," and that "for a valuable consideration" he consented to become the tool of Mason for the purpose of carrying out his purposes in appropriating as much as possible of the lands of New Hampshire, and that regardless of the rights of others. The events to the movement in opposition to Cranfield's tyrannical acts Mr. Dow has narrated under the caption of "Edward Gove's Insurrection," and the responsibility for the unwarranted charges against Gove and his associates he lays at the door of one Randolph, of whom he writes that "to one unacquainted with Randolph's character and his malignity toward the people of New England it would be difficult to account for such a statement; but taking into consideration his character and prejudice, it is even more surprising that he could keep so near the truth." "Gove and his associates having been arrested, the governor sent a strong party of horse to guard them (then prisoners in irons) from Hampton to Portsmouth." At the trial Gove was examined first. He did not deny what he had done and admitted that "he did sound or cause to be sounded, the trumpet being his own; and did draw his sword because his own," and added: "The Governor is no judge of this court, but a pretended one, and a traitor to the king and his authority." Then addressing Governor Cranfield directly, he said: "Your honour is in more danger of your life than I." Being asked what he meant, he answered: "God in heaven will do me justice." Having been adjudged guilty of treason, the sentence pronounced upon Edward Gove is recorded in these words: "That he should be carried back to the place from whence he came, and from thence be drawn to the place of execution, and there to be hanged by the neck and cut down alive, and that his entrails be taken out and burnt before his face, and his head cut off, and his body divided into four quarters, and his head and quarters disposed of at the king's pleasure." This revolting sentence, however, was not executed, and after three years imprisonment in the tower of London he was granted full pardon, restored to his former rights in citizenship and property. Thus it was that the progenitor of one of the most prominent New England families barely escaped a martyr's death, for he in truth had committed no offence and only stood up strongly and without fear in defense of the common rights and liberties of the people against those who oppressed them and sought to rob them of their privileges as freemen as well as of their possessions.
Edward Gove died May 20, 1691. In 1660 he married Hannah Titcomb; children: 1. John, born September 19, 1661. 2. William, born October 21, 1662, died March 1, 1663. 3. Hannah, born March 5, 1664; married Abraham Clements. 4. Mary, born April 4, 1666; married Joseph Sanborn. 5. Abigail, born July 23, 1667, died at Haverhill, August 28, 1667. 6. Penuel, born July 10, 1668, died August 1, 1671. 7. Abigail, born April 17, 1670; married first, Philemon Dalton; second, Benjamin Sanborn; third James Prescott; died May 8, 1751. 8. Ebenezer, born May 23, 1671; married Judith Sanborn. 9. Edward, born May 13, 1673, died November 12, 1675. 10. Jeremiah, born October 13, 1674, died September 7, 1692. 11. Rachel, born January 29, 1676, probably died young. 12. Ann, born January 9, 1677; married July 3, 1696, Jeremiah Connor, of Exeter. 13. Sarah, born July 8, 1678; married Samuel Dearborn.
(III) John Gove, eldest son and child of Edward and Hannah (Titcomb) Gove, born September 19, 1661, died about 1737. He was one of those who were tried for treason with his father, but was acquitted. In 1669 he (called Ensign John Gove) was one of a committee for laying out the west division of town lands in Hampton, was lot layer 1708, and in 1704 was one of a committee appointed "to build a barn on the parsonage for the use of the minister." In 1706 Ensign John Gove was appointed to prosecute for the town any person who should fence in the commoners' pasture. He married Sarah _______; children: 1. Mary, born October 29, 1687, died April 7, 1715; married Nehemiah Heath. 2. John, born May 29, 1689, died March 23, 1759; married March 22, 1720, Ruth, daughter of Edmund Johnson. 3. Hannah, born April 1, 1691; married Joseph Cass. 4. Jonathan, born May 2, 1695, died August 6, 1761. 5. Sarah. 6. Abigail, married April 3, 1721, Joseph Norton.
(IV) Jonathan Gove, second son and fourth child of John and Sarah Gove, born in Hampton, New Hampshire, May 2, 1695, died August 6, 1761. He married first, July 21, 1720, Mary Lancaster, born in Hampton, June 1, 1701, only child of Thomas Lancaster and wife Mercy Green, daughter of Abraham Green. Thomas Lancaster lived near Nathaniel Weare's mill. He married March 3, 1696, and was killed by Indians, August 17, 1703, during Queen Anne's war. Jonathan Gove married second, March 23, 1730, Hannah Worthen, daughter of Samuel Worthen, who survived him and married second, Abner Philbrick, December 4, 1777. Jonathan Gove had children: 1. Lydia, born August 28, 1720. 2. John, January 28, 1722. 3. Mary, September 3, 1724. 4. Hannah, December 12, 1732. 5. Nathan, February 2, 1734. 6. Delia, February 10, 1736; married March 28, 1754, John Brown, of Hampton Falls, New Hampshire. 7. Hannah, July 18, 1738. 8. Sarah, June 20, 1740. 9. Jonathan, July 18, 1742, settled in Nottingham, New Hampshire. 10. Michael, September 20, 1744. 11. Samuel, September 2, 1746, settled in Nottingham. 12. Richard, June 20, 1749, lived in Seabrook, New Hampshire. 13. Elijah, May 29, 1751, settled in Weare, New Hampshire. 14. Anna, April 2, 1754.
(V) John Gove, second child and eldest son of Jonathan and Mary (Lancaster) Gove, was born in Hampton, New Hampshire, January 28, 1722. He was a Quaker, and is thus mentioned in the records of the town of Weare: "John Gove, a Quaker from Kensington, settled on lot 36, range 5, east of the North Quaker meeting-house." During the early years of the revolution the public men of Weare felt considerable anxiety in regard to what position the so-called Quakers might take in defense of the common liberties, hence had recourse to the test oath to determine whether they were still "scrupulous of bearing arms." Twenty-nine Quakers refused to subscribe to the oath, "on principle," among them John Gove and his son John and four others of the same surname. But this refusal to sign was not an indication of disloyalty, or of tory proclivities, and only showed that the Friends (commonly and incorrectly called Quakers), true to their creed were "conscientiously scrupulous of bearing arms." John Gove married Lydia Purington, of Kensington; children: 1. Mary, born February 18, 1748; married Caleb Peaslee. 2. Elisha, born August 8, 1750; married Betsey Purington, and removed to Vermont. 3. Adelia, born May 25, 1753; married Aaron Dow. 4. Robert, born December 3, 1755, died November 24, 1822. 5. Mark, born November 28, 1758; married Hannah Brown; removed to Lincoln, Vermont. 6. Phebe, born 1761; married Elijah Purington. 7. Lydia, born November 26, 1763; married Stephen Gove. 8. Swett, born October 7, 1765; died 1842, unmarried.
(VI) Robert Gove, son and fourth child of John and Lydia (Purington) Gove, born in Weare, New Hampshire, December 3, 1755, died in Deering, New Hampshire, November 24, 1822. He married October 22, 1783, at Weare, Huldah Brown, born December 13, 1761, died October 20, 1819, daughter of Elijah and Judith (Huntington) Brown. Hannah Brown, sister of Huldah Brown, married Mark, brother of Robert Gove.
(VII) Robert Gove, son of Robert and Huldah (Brown) Gove, born in Deering, New Hampshire, May 30, 1784, died September 22, 1835; married, October 4, 1804, Sarah Huntington, who was born September 17, 1785, died December 1, 1870, third child of Benjamin Huntington, who was born April 24, 1760, married Elizabeth Buxton, and settled in Weare, New Hampshire, about one mile west of Clinton Grove. Benjamin Huntington was a son of John Huntington, who was the elder of two children of John Huntington, whose wife was Abigail Jones. John Huntington, last mentioned, was a son of William Huntington, who married first, Mary Goodwin; second, in 1725, Widow Mary Colby; and William Huntington was a son of John Huntington, born in 1643 and married in 1665, Elizabeth Hunt. John Huntington, last mentioned, was a son of William Huntington, who married Joannah Bayley, and who was a son of Simon Huntington, who married Margaret Barrett, of Warwick, England, and sailed for America in 1633, with his wife and their four sons -- William, Christopher, Simon, and one other who soon returned to the mother country. Simon, the father, died of smallpox on the voyage over, and his widow settled in Roxbury, Massachusetts. In 1640 William and Simon Huntington settled in that part of the old town of Salisbury that now is Amesbury, Massachusetts.
(VIII) Captain John R. Gove, son of Robert and Sarah (Huntington) Gove, born in Deering, New Hampshire, December 21, 1807, died November 9, 1878. For forty terms he was a school teacher in New Hampshire, and afterward became master of a vessel engaged in the foreign trade. Having followed the sea for many years he afterward became a farmer, and followed that occupation so long as he lived. He died in Peabody, Massachusetts, in 1878, and is buried in that town. Captain Gove married three times. His first wife was Sarah Dunsack, whom he divorced; a son, born January 1, 1830, and died young; buried in Salem. He married second, in Havana, Cuba, Mary Amando De Soto. One son was born of this marriage, and he too, like his father and his mother's father became a sailorman, master of a foreign trading vessel when he was only nineteen years old. On the last voyage out the ship sailed for Antwerp, a letter from him was received from Antwerp but never afterwards was heard of. Captain Gove married third, Lephe Putnam Lovejoy, born in Deering, New Hampshire, August 5, 1799, died in Castile, New York, February 3, 1874, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth (Willoughby) Lovejoy, both natives of Hollis, New Hampshire, and her mother was a daughter of John Willoughby, whose father John Willoughby came to this country from Glasgow, Scotland. Captain John R. Gove and Lephe P. Lovejoy, his third wife, had two children: 1. Hannah Ellen, became wife of Nathan Holt Poor (see Poor family). 2. Mary Bowers, born December 15, 1841, died December 19, 1902; married Nyrum Rathbun; had son, John Henry Rathbun, born at Castile, New York, June 4, 1868.