THE NAME AND
THE NAME AND FAMILY OF HODGE (S)
The name of Hodge(s) is said to have been derived from the ancient Saxon word hag, meaning "prudent or careful". The name is found on the ancient British and early American records in the various forms of Hogge, Hogges, Hedge, Hedges, Hoddg, Hoddge, Hodge, Hodges, the last two of which are the most generally accepted forms today.
Some authorities claim that the name of Hodge was originally derived from Roger and cite a Roger, who went into England with William the Conqueror in 1066, as the ancestor of the Hodge(s) family. This family is said to have settled in Scotland, but there is no way of knowing how much truth there is in this statement.
Branches of the family were early settled in the counties of Kent, Northumberland, Oxford, Bucles, Durham, Dorchester, Dorset, Gloucester, Middlesex, Somerset, and Leicester, as well as in London and in Ireland. These families were, of the landed gentry, and in a few cases of the yeomanry and of the nobility.
Probably the first of the name to emigrate to America was John Hodges, who was resident at James City, Va., in 1622. Others of the name who were in Virginia about the same time were Elizabeth and Robert. One Thomas Hodges was in Maryland in 1633, and in the following two years two John Hodgeses, One Tomas Hodges, and one Roger Hodges emigrated to Virginia.
One Richard Hogge or Hodge was at Boston in 1636 and was the father there by his wife Jean of Joseph, Mary, and John, and one other who died in infancy. The descendants of this line used, as did many of the others, both of the popular spellings of the name.
One of the first of the name to emigrate to New England was William Hodges, who came from England to Taunton, Mass., about 1643. About six years later he married Mary Andrews, by whom he had issue of two sons, John and Henry.
John, eldest son of the emigrant William, was married in 1672 to Elizabeth Macy and was the father by her of John, Nathaniel, Samuel, William, George, Ebenezer, and Nathan.
Henry, the youngest son of the emigrant William, married Esther Gallop in 1674 and their children were Mary, Esther, William, Charity, Henry, Benjamin, Joseph, John, Ephraim, Elizabeth, and Abigail.
Nicholas Hedge emigrated form Northumberland County, England, to Rye, N. H., in 1653. His wife seaborn Tucker gave him, among others, a son named Nicholas, who had a son Michael and possibly others.
One George Hodges came to Salem, Mass., sometime prior to 1663, in which year he married Mary Hudson. They were the parents of a daughter Catharine in 1664 and his wife died in the following year. George was married in 1669 to Sarah Phippen, by whom he had issue of eight children, Sarah, George, Mary, Joseph, Hannah, Doreas, John, and Gamaliel.
About 1664 one John Hodge, believed to have been of the Scottish line of the family, came to Killingworth, whence he shortly after removed to Windsor, Conn. In 1666 He married Susanna Denslow and had issue by her of John, Thomas, Mary, Joseph, Benjamin (no further record), Henry, William (no further record), Elizabeth, Susanna, Abigail, Samuel, and perhaps others.
John, eldest son of the emigrant John, had issue by his wife Margaret of four children, John, Nathaniel, Asahel, and Susanna.
Thomas, Second son of the emigrant John, married Judith Bunnell and was the father by her of Daniel, Jesse, Judith, Thomas, Miriam (died young), Susanna, Mary, Martha, and Miriam.
Joseph, third son of the emigrant John is known to have married Ann Trumbull, but the date of this marriage and the children by it, if any, are not know.
Henry, fifth son of the emigrant John, is believed to have married Sarah Welch and to have been the father by her of Deberah, Sarah, Rachel, Hannah, John, Henry, Jonathan, and possibly Abigail.
Samuel, youngest son of the emigrant John, had issue by his wife Sarah, whose maiden name is believed to have been Dustin, of at least three children, Samuel, John, and Benjamin, and perhaps others.
One Robert Hodge was married in 1665 to Mary Pitman at Salem, Mass. Their children are said to have been Mary, Sarah, Tabitha, Hannah, Elizabeth, Robert, and Bethian.
Charles Hodge or Hodges came to America sometime before 1686, in which year he was married. By his wife Ann he had Ann, Abigail, Thomas, Abraham, John, and Richard.
Others of the name Hodge or Hodges who emigrated during the seventeenth century, but left few records of themselves and their families, were William of Salem in 1648, John of Charlestown in 1633, Andrew of Ipawich in 1639, Nicholas of Plymouth in 1643, and Humphrey of Boston in 1671.
The descendants of these various branches of the family in America have spread to practically every State of the Union and have aided as much in the growth of the country as their ancestors aided in the founding of the nation. They have been hated for their courage, energy, ambition, industry, moral and physical strength, piety, integrity, resourcefulness, and leadership.
Among these of the Hodge(s) family who fought as officers in the War of the Revolution were Captain Asahel Hodge of Connecticut, Surgeon Hugh Hodge of Pennsylvania, Lieutenant Elijah Hodges of Massachusetts, Naval Captain George Hodges of Massachusetts, and Captain Seth Hodges of Vermont.
John, William, George, Henry, Nicholas, Richard, Robert, Thomas, Joseph, Samuel, Benjamin, and Nathaniel are some of the Christian names most highly favored by the family for its male members.
A few of the many members of the family who have distinguished themselves in America in more recent times are:
Archibald Alexander Hodge of New Jersey, Presbyterian divine, 1825-1886;
Charles Hodge of Pennsylvania, Presbyterian theologian, 1797-1878: and
George Hodges of New York, Episcopal clergyman, 1856-1919
One of the several coats-of-arms which have been given to the family at various times is described as follows:
Arms. -"Or, three crescents sable, on a canton of the last, a ducal coronet of the first; impaling, vert, three lions rampant, argent, a chief of the last."
Crest. -"Out of a ducal coronet, or, a crescent sable."
(Arms taken from P. 49 of "Daniel Gardner Family" by D. H. Gardner.)
The above data have been compiled chiefly from the following sources:
Heitman-"Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army", 1893.
Savage-"Genealogical Dictionary of New England", 1860.
Gentry-"Family Names", 1892.
A. D. Hodges-"Hodges Family", 1898.
O. J. Hodges-"Hodge Genealogy", 1900.
A. D. Hodges-"Almon Danforth Hodges", 1919.