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Wenzl Janisch (abt 1780) and Elizabeth Janisch Kapaun (abt 1800) Michelsdorf, Bohemia

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Re: Wenzl Janisch (abt 1780) and Elizabeth Janisch Kapaun (abt 1800) Michelsdorf, Bohemia

Posted: 8 Jan 2010 10:52PM GMT
Classification: Query
Joseph Kapaun b.1812 Michelsdorf, Bohemia (Ostroz, Cz) d.1885 Portage, Columbia, Wisconsin, USA and Rosalia Springer b.1822 Michelsdorf, Bohemia (Ostroz, Cz) d.1895 Portage, Columbia, Wisconsin, USA

They had children:
Joseph b.1851 Michelsdorf, Bohemia (Ostroz, Cz) d.North Dakota
Amilia b.1853 Michelsdorf, Bohemia (Ostroz, Cz) d. North Dakota
Julies b.1862 Michelsdorf, Bohemia (Ostroz, Cz) d.1931 North Dakota

According to 1900 Census Joseph Jr. came to America in 1867. He came with son, Joseph Jr., and daughter, Amelia.

Name: Rosalie Kapoun Year: 1870 Age: 46 Place: New York, New York Source Publication Code: 206.3 Primary Immigrant: Kapoun, Rosalie Annotation: Extracted from rolls 323 through 432 of Microcopy 237, "Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, 1820-1897." Provides data on country of origin, name of ship, and, sometimes, destination. Date and port of arrival. Copies of these books may be obtained from the author, 1707 Woodcreek, Richardson, TX 75082. Names abstracted from National Archives microfilm, rolls 65 through 322 of microcopy 237, "Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, 1820-97." Source Bibliography: BACA, LEO. Czech Immigration Passenger Lists: New York Passenger Lists. Richardson, TX: Baca. 1870-1880. Vol. 5, 1993. 190p. Page: 68

In October of 1870, Rosalie Kapaun and her 8 year old son, Julius Kapaun, would have passed through Castle Garden immigration center in New York before traveling on to Wisconsin to join their family already in America.

Name Arrival Date Age Gender Port of Departure Place of Origin Destination Ship Name
Julius Kpann 15 Oct 1870 8 Male Bremen Germany Austria USA Hansa
Rosalie Kpann 15 Oct 1870 46 Female Bremen Germany Austria USA Hansa

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) microfilm, M237, rolls 95-580.

Ancestry.com. New York Passenger Lists, 1851-1891 [database online]. Provo, Utah: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2003. Original data: New York. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1820-1897. Micropublication M237. Rolls # 95-580. National Archives, Washington, D.C.

I add this family story below only because I feel that it is very possibly true. While doing research on Kapauns and other German families from the Michelsdorf area other researchers had similar family stories.


Early Kapaun History
by Sharol Fletcher

Wednesday, October 20, 2004

According to Florence Kapaun McMahon, our Kapaun family lived in Elsass and Lothringen until about 1789. It is reported the Kapaun family, Germans, left the area because during the French Revolution the new French government was reclaiming the territory. The Kapaun family immigrated to Michelsdorf, Bohemia.

Florence is the great granddaughter of Joseph Kapaun Sr. Her father was Joseph E. Kapaun and her grandfather was Joseph Kapaun Jr., brother to Julius and Amelia. Florence resides in Alice, North Dakota and several years ago purchased the old grocery and general store that was previously owned by her grandfather, Joseph Kapaun Jr. and his brothers, Frank and Ernest.

Today, Elsass and Lothringen are known as Alsace-Lorraine, which is located in Eastern France along the German border.

Some early history of Elsass and Lothringen

Elsass and Lothringen were part of Celtic Gaul in Julius Caesar's time and were invaded by the Alemanni and other Germanic tribes in the 5th century. After the breakup of Charlemagne's empire in the 9th century, the region became the object of disputes between French and Germanic rulers, passing from the control of one to the other.

Lothringen was part of the kingdom of LOTHARINGIA, which was divided in 959 into the duchies of Lower and Upper Lorraine.

Elsass and Lothringen were part of the Holy Roman Empire until 1648. In 1648, part of the territory was ceded to France. In 1681, Louis XIV seized Strasbourg and the Treaty of Rijswijck added Elsass to France. Lothringen was an independent but much fought over duchy. The few remaining districts were seized by France after the French Revolution in 1789.

In 1871, the end of the Franco-Prussian War, Germany again took control of the region. The Treaty of Frankfurt obliged France to cede three eastern departments, Bas-Rhin, Haut-Rhin, and Alsace-Lorraine. Alsace-Lorraine stayed under German control until 1919.

From 1919 to 1940 the area again belonged to France. Controversies over state-run religious schools and attempts to suppress German newspapers contributed to an ultimately unsuccessful movement for home rule in 1920.

From 1940 to 1945 Germany again controlled the area, it was returned to France in 1945. Lorraine's departments of Meuse, Meurthe-et-Moselle, and Vosges remained French.

After the end of World War II, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to French control.


Geologically, western Lorraine is composed of clay vales separated by the north-south-trending limestone ridges of the Cotes de Meuse and Cotes de Moselle. The heavy soils of the vales support mixed farming--dairying, oats, and wheat.
The ridges are barriers to communication and invasion. METZ, NANCY, VERDUN, Thionville, and Toul are route centers and fortress cities defending gaps in the ridges. The battle for Verdun was one of the bloodiest of World War I. Nancy (1990 pop., 102,410), the traditional capital and university center of Lorraine, is located on the Rhine-Marne canal, which follows the routeway from Paris to Strasbourg.
The Lorraine iron ore fields, about 110 km (70 mi) long and 20 km (12 mi) wide, run from Nancy northward to the primary iron and steel district around Longwy, Thionville, and Metz. The French part of the Saar coalfield lies 64 km (40 mi) to the east. It contains substantial French reserves in easily mechanized, thick seams.
Southeastward, Lorraine rises gradually to the summits of the Vosges. This sandstone massif has a granite core exposed in the south, where elevations exceed 1,200 m (3,937 ft). The political and linguistic divide between French-speaking Lorraine and German-speaking Alsace runs along its crest. At the foot of the steep eastern slope of the Vosges is a famous vineyard region. An adjoining belt of fertile loess soils produces cereals, fruit, tobacco, and vegetables. It also produces hops for Alsatian and German breweries.
STRASBOURG (1990 pop., 255,937), a major port on the Rhine, is the traditional capital of Alsace. Its industries include oil refining, brewing, printing, food processing, and metallurgy. Famous for its university and its pate, Strasbourg is headquarters of the Council of Europe. The Rhine-Rhone canal connects Strasbourg with Mulhouse, the Burgundy Gate, and Lyon. Mulhouse, with a chemical industry based on local potash deposits, and Colmar are textile-industry centers of Alsace and eastern Lorraine. Regional temperatures average 0.6 degrees C (33 degrees F) in January and 19 degrees C (66 degrees F) in July. Annual rainfall ranges from 510 to 1,020 mm (20 to 40 in). (Richard, 1996)


Richard, Timothy J., The New Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia, Release #8, ©1996.

SubjectAuthorDate Posted
SFletcher2370 9 Jan 2010 6:32AM GMT 
mmshiffer 31 Aug 2010 6:49AM GMT 
Jilleen_Woelf... 12 Sep 2010 2:34AM GMT 
Lschoony45 12 Sep 2010 2:22PM GMT 
Lschoony45 27 Sep 2010 10:50PM GMT 
SFletcher2370 9 Jan 2010 5:52AM GMT 
rrjwj 16 Oct 2010 1:46AM GMT 
SFletcher2370 30 Sep 2010 11:35PM GMT 
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