(Some information on the Lucas line for you to digest - Eddie)
JOHN LUCAS & ANN MIKELL
JOHN PERKINS LUCAS was born ca 1754 in Cheraw Dist, SC, son of William Lucas and Alice Perkins, he married in 1774 in Savannah, GA to ANN MIKELL born ca 1755 in Cheraw Dist, SC, daughter of (Major) John Mikell and Ann Ball. John and Ann Ball had seven children:
1. William Lucas b. 12 May 1778 m. Cassandra Scruggs
2. Margaret Lucas b. 9 Oct 1783 m. James McIntosh
3. John M. Lucas b. 1 Aug 1785 m. Sarah H.?
4. Ann Eliza Lucas b. 14 Jan 1788 m. William McHagin (MaGahan)
5. Mary Ann Lucas b. 2 Mar 1790
6. Sarah Lucas b. 5 may 1792 m. Alexander Brown
7. Elizabeth Lucas b. 27 Jan 1793 m. Jeremiah Wilson (RS).
Ann Mikell Lucas died at birth of Elizabeth or shortly thereafter and John married second on 20 Aug 1794 in Effingham Co, GA to Mary Clarissa Denmark. John and Clarissa had ten more children:
8. Ann Lucas
9. Reading Lucas
10. Malada Lucas
11. Hugh P. Lucas moved to MO named in John's will.
12. James S. Lucas moved to MO named in a deed from John.
13. Samuel Wilds (Miles) Lucas moved to MO named in John's will,
14. Amy Lucas moved to MO named in John's will.
15. Alice Lucas moved to MO named in John's will.
16. Ana Jane Lucas born in 1809 nothing further known not named in John's will.
17. Bilga Lucas m, John Hendrickson in MC) 25 Dec 1829. Named in John's will.
John Lucas was a planter and a soldier and traveled extensively for the times. His known residences were: Cheraw, SC; Effingham Co, GA; Chatham Co, GA; Screven Co, GA; Memphis, TN; Limestone Co, AL; and, Jefferson Co, MO. He also visited Marion Co, MS.
REFERENCES; Vol. XXVII SC Hist & Gen Mag pp.212-214; LUCAS, JOHN., GA BLWT 2215-300; DAR Patriot Index; SC Dept Archives & Hist JOHN LUCAS 4F02; History of the Old Cheraws by Gregg, pp 89-90, 169,283,387; DAR #266257; SC Jury Lists 1718-1783; Passports Through Creek Nations; Marion Co, MS Census of 1816; Screven, Effingham & Chatham Co, GA and Jefferson Co, MO Court Records.
This work is by the combined efforts of Dicy Elizabeth Mikell Herrington of Savannah, GA, the late Evelyn Marshall of Decatur, GA, Lloyd Evans of Newington, GA; and, H. Grady Wilson of Lithonia, GA.
PERSONAL HISTORY AND BACKGROUND
A group of Welch (Baptists) came to America in 1701 on the "William and Mary" and settled at Pennepec, PA. In 1703, they took up land in Newcastle County which contained about 30,000 acres originally bought from William Penn. This area was known as "The Welch Tract" in Delaware Province, PA. Then, upon change of boundaries, it became the state of Delaware. There were many persons of English and German backgrounds who had taken the Baptist faith and they settled near the Welch. Among the Welch were; Perkins, James, Monahagins, Ellisons and Limmermons. With the Germans was the Michael family and with the English was the Lucas.
In 1731, the township of Queensborough on the Great Peedee River in the Carolinas was marked out. Every man, woman and child could have 50 acres of land rent free for a period of ten years. This induced many to come from Pennsylvania and settle. They first came to the Peedee about 1735. They were given 173,840 acres in Craven County on both sides of the River. The original Welch grant included the area that is now called the Yadkin River (the upper Peedee) in Rowan and Davidson Counties in North Carolina.
About 1735 two families - James and Lucas, came down the River and settled on a stream called "Catfish" in Marion District. The Crawford and Evans families intermarried with the Lucas families. Most of the families from PA had settled by late 1737. The Welch Tract reached from Crooked Creek to Red Bluff opposite Society Hill. They built a house of worship on the east bank of the River above Spark's Ferry on the road leading from Society Hill to Bennetsville, in Jan 1738. The Perkins family was among them or followed shortly thereafter.
William Lucas was born in the Province of Delaware of English parents on 7 Jul 1730 and came to SC when young and married Alice Perkins who was born in the Welch Tract of PA.
In January of 1748, the Craven County Militia had 1200 men - "all persons from 16-60".
On 1 Oct 1754, William Lucas with wife, no children and one negro, was granted 150 acres land in Craven Co., SC on PeeDee River. William and Alice Lucas had three known children: John Lucas born ca 1754 in Cheraw Dist, SC, Capt. RS, who married first Ann Mikell dau of Major John Mikell and Ann Ball and second Clarissa Denmark; Anne Lucas who married Etherland (Sutherland) Clary, and, Sarah Lucas who married John Mikell, Jr. as his first wife. John Mikell, Jr. would later marry second his cousin Elizabeth Thomson.
The family of Edward Lowther/Lowder came to Kent Co, MD in 1673 and by 1755 his grandson Charles Lowther was living in Beaufort Co, NC. He later lived in Cheraw Dist, SC and there is a lake called "Lowder Lake" there. He was a Baptist circuit preacher and he appeared in many of the same records with the Mikells, with his son Edward finally settling in GA near the Mikells.
There were many families from VA and PA who moved into the area about 1756. Among those were the Mikell family - John, William and sister Ursula, Germans who were of the Baptist faith, also two Scotch brothers - John and Alexander McIntosh.
Roderick M'ver came directly from Scotland in 1756. He was a Presbyterian but joined Welch Neck Church in May 1761. His first wife was Anne Rogerson. Soon after he came, he married second Rachel Evans and had three children. His daughter, Catherine married first Josiah Evans and second Rev. Edmond Botsford, a Baptist Minister of high standing and great excellence.
As Rev. Botsford played a part in this family and his travels help to illustrate how these families traveled back and forth between the Carolinas and GA, I will give his background:
Rev. Edmund Botsford was born 1 Nov 1745 at Woburn, Bedfordshire, England and arrived at Charleston, SC, 28 Jan 1766 where he had his education. He was licensed in the Church of Charleston, 24 Feb 1771 and settled at Tuckaseeking in GA in the month of Jul 1771. Ref "Materials Towards A History of The Baptists, Vol.2, p.164 by Morgan Edwards, Heritage Papers, Danielsville, GA 30633, 1984.
Mr. Botsford married and settled on Brier Creek in Burke Co, GA in 1774. He bought land and built a home but traveled through the surrounding regions of GA and SC preaching the Gospel. After the fall of Savannah, GA, in 1778 and the surrender of Sunbury, the Botsfords, along with many others, became refugees and moved inland to the upper back country of SC. Ref: "A General History of the Baptist Denom. in America" by David Benedict p.723. Rev. Botsford was a member of St. David's in SC after 1778, and preached at Welch Neck from Sep 1779 until 1 Jan 1780. He went to VA then returned to Welch Neck in 1782. Ref: "History of the Old Cheraws" by Gregg.
I did this research into Rev. Botsford because of a deposition in a bounty land warrant (#2215-300) by John M. Lucas, son of John and Ann Mikell Lucas stating that his parents were married in Savannah, GA, in 1774 by Rev. Edmund Botsford. We had no idea that any of the Mikells were in Savannah that early as their records continued in SC past this time, so I did some checking to see if there was a Rev. Botsford in Savannah and it appears that he probably was.
There was a royal grant to a John Mikell, possibly Ann's father, of 300 acres in St. Matthew's Parrish, GA, which later became Effingham County in 1765. This never made any since to me that it would be one of ours as no further record of them was in GA until after the Rev. War. However, if Ann Mikell was married here in Savannah in 1774, they had to at least have traveled here as well as the Lucas family. One explanation would be the opening up of the ceded lands in 1773 mentioned below even though I did not find an application for land at that time
To return to the Cheraws:
16 Jan 1761 Daniel Monohan's Will: William Lucas and Lewis Perkins, guardian and executors.
4 Mar 1767 - William Lucas granted 150 acres on Black Creek, Craven Co, SC. By then he had three children.
On Tuesday, 4 Oct 1768, a poll for election of a member of assembly for Parish of St. David in Craven Co, SC, was taken at house of Mr. John Macintosh (husband of Ursula Mikell). Among those voting were: Bartholomew Ball (father of Ann Ball Mikell), William Lucas (father of John Lucas), Thomas Evans, John Evans, Edward Lowther, John Macintosh, etc. Next day's voting included John Mikell (husband of Ann Ball) and James Mikell (who never married). Ref p.169 "Hist of the Old Cheraws" by Gregg.
Until 1769 General Court was held in Charleston. This was too far from the upper region and they had much difficulty with lawlessness and marauders. A group called "The Regulators" was formed and they attempted to protect the area from these persons. They were respectable planters trying to protect themselves; however, the governing body was not pleased; and, the militia was called out against them. Capt. M'intosh and Lt. Michael were among those in 1769, along with 300 men, who refused to serve saying they were on the side of the Regulators. After the Battle of the Regulators in 1771 at Alamance Courthouse, NC, about 1500 persons left the area moving to Tennessee, SC and GA
It was at about this time that James Mikell, brother to John, Barnet and Ursula, was killed by Tories as his estate was settled in 1772. The above troubles would perhaps explain this.
On 17 Apr 1772, John Lucas was granted a plantation of 100 acres in Craven Co, SC, on a branch of Little River called Sandy Run bounding south on Hon. Andrew Erwin, north east on Robert Johnson & John Sims, north on James Goggins, and west on William Anderson. Signed 17 Apr 1772. Jno. Caldwell, D.S. (Ref Colonial Plats Vol. 16, SC)
In 1773, when rich land tracts were ceded by the Creeks and the Cherokees, the Governor of GA issued a proclamation offering most liberal terms to prospective settlers. An influx began, which continued through the early part of the Rev. War era.
Gov. Wright's proclamation offered 200 acres for each family member - wife, children & negros if they came here to live. 5 L sterling was paid down for each 100 acres total not to exceed 5 shillings per acre. Land Courts opened at Augusta and elsewhere in 1774 and considerable land went on the market.
During this period, produce grown included indigo, corn, rice, peas, rye, and some wheat; also, pitch, tar, & turpentine. Ref "Georgia As Colony and State" by Amanda Johnson.
On 16 Sep 1774, the above SC Plat to John Lucas was entered as a Royal Grant, same location and boundaries. Wit: Hon. Wm. Bull, Esq.,. 16 Sep 1774. (Ref.: Royal Grants, Col. 33. p. 446, SC).
John Lucas married first Ann Mikell, daughter of (Major) John Mikell and Ann Ball, in the City of Savannah, GA by Rev. Edmund Botsford in 1774. Ref.; BLWT 2215-300.
In Dec. 1777, SC, The St David's Society was established "to promote learning by founding a public School in said Parish. Among those pledging were; John Lucas 25 pounds, John Mikell 50 pounds, etc. on 31 Jan 1778. This shows that they returned to SC after their trip to GA.
On 12 May 1778, John and Ann Lucas had their first child, a son William Lucas (the author of the account of the family in SC Mag). Ref Family Bible photocopy in possession of ehm.
Capt. John Lucas was on the Florida Expedition and was in the Battles of St. Marys and Augusta. (Ref Nat'l Archives #S11010).
During the period 1775-1778, Georgia did not actively engage in the Rev. War. Then, John Lucas was commissioned 1 March 1777 as a Captain in GA 3d, and served in "GA Line" under command of Col. White. He was captured in the fall of Savannah and from 1778 until 1782 GA was so dangerous, most of the families went back to relatives in the SC "back country" for the duration of the War. Ref BLWT 2215-300 Lucas, John, GA
Deposition of son John M. Lusas, and Journal of Lt. Cal. Archibald Capmbell, pp. 110 &111 and GA Citizens & Soldiers of the American Rev. pp. 126, 139 & 146.
Thirty-two of the captured officers were sent on parole to Sunbury. Ibid.
On the list of officers taken in Savannah, John Lucas, Capt, 4th GA Battn was listed as #5 for exchange. On Muster Roll of the Fourth GA Continental Battn dated 2 Aug 1779, John Lucas, Capt, appeared as "present with the enemy". Ibid.
He returned to his people in SC after he was paroled as in 1779 John Lucas appeared in Cheraw Dist as Petit Juror and also for Special Juror.
Apparently John Lucas found a way to help the patriots without actually taking up arms in violation of his parole as the following receipts indicate:
In the month of June and July 1782, to certify that John Lucas did serve the public in General Marion's Brigade in hunting and driving beef cattle for his Brigade thirty days and found his own self a horse at same time - certified by me. MM Murphy (Moses Murphy who married Catherine Mikell sister of John Lucas wife Ann Mikell).
In ye month of Nov 1782 - This is to certify that John Lucas did serve ye public six days and found his own hob (horse) and a good man to hunt and drive beef cattle for ye use of Gen'l Marion's Brigade. Cenifyed by me. MMMurphy, Lt. Col.
In 1782, a noted chacter, Old Mrs. Croly, lived two miles below Society Hill, afterwards in the flat woods on Black Creek. She often harbored Tories. John Lucas and a few other Whigs once found a party of Tories at her house, who managed to escape. Lucas took her out, and was about to hang her, when Capt. M'Intosh and Major John Mikell came up and caused her to be released. Ref p 387 "Hist of the Old Cheraws" by Gregg.
For the record, I wish to state here that there were three Capt. John Lucas in GA & SC during the war and two of them served in the GA Line. With the help of Lloyd Evans, who researched from a military standpoint in regard to the battles fought and where the units were stationed at particular times, we were able to uncover the fact that one John Lucas was Aide de Camp to Gen. Lachlan McIntosh (not the one who was son of Ursula Mikell) and this one did not marry and died on a visit to new York and was buried there. His brother Thomas settled his estate and Thomas' daughter Margaret applied for any settlement due this John Lucas for his service and was granted the land that was due our John Lucas. In the government files, these three men's records were all mixed up and when John M. Lucas later applied for his father's land, his claim was denied. After the duel between Button Gwenett and Lachlan McIntosh in which Button Gwenett died as a result, McIntosh was sent north and was not present at the first Battle of Savannah. Therefore, the John Lucas who fought in that battle and was captured and paroled, was our John.
In 1783, John Lucas appeared on the Jury List for Cheraw Dist as Petit Juror.
At this time, John and Ann Lucas apparently made the move back to GA even though it still took several trips to settle his war claims.
On 23 Apr 1783, Chatham Co, GA. Deed Book D, p. 390 John Lucas was living on a lot on Bull Street, Sav, GA; from Abraham Ravot, Esq. Comm. of Forfeited estates to John Lucas land in Effingham Co, 500 acres south side Great Ogeechee, 8-10 miles from flat Fords.
On 6 Aug 1783, in Cheraw Dist, SC, John Lucas turned in the following receipts;
SC 1781 -60 Bushels of corn - 10.10
1782 - 1 Beef wt. 350 lb. 4.4.10
36 days Duty in Mil. 2.11.5
SC Cheraws Dist -6 Aug 1783, Thos. Powe, JP
On 9 Oct 1783, John and Ann Lucas had a daughter Margaret Lucas.
In Jun 1784, John Lucas sold above Effingham Co, GA, land. Ref Deed BK D, p.391.
On 20 Jan 1785, John Lucas, was granted a tract of land 300 acres in the Dist of Cheraw on the SW side of Great Peedee River on Swift CreekÂ….20th day of Jan 1785 Ephraim Mithell. Ref. State Plats, Vol.19, p. 324, SC.
On 1 Aug 1785, John and Ann Lucas had a son John M. Lucas.
Another receipt; The State of SC to John Lucas -30 days driving cattle -4.6.3
12days driving cattle - 1.14.7
Cheraw District) John Lucas made oath before me that he has never rec'd any satisfaction for the same. Signed Jno Lucas Sworn Sep 7, 1785 Thos. Powe, JP.
John finally made settlement on his 36 days service, etc: 25 Jul 1875 John Lucas
Provision of Forage also 36 days duty done as private with Militia in 1781 and 1782, also 60 bushels of corn - 17 lbs - 11 shillings - 3 pence sterling. Received 13 Sep 1785 one yr interest signed Jno Lucas.
Received 20 Jul 1785 full satisfaction for this audited account No.39 Book V. Signed Jno Lucas.
Received 9 Jul & 12 Jul 1786 2 years interest and full sat. by discount on purchase of land. Signed Thos. Powe. JP (Ref Bk Y872 No 98)
On 20 Nov 1786, Chathan Co, GA, Deed Bk D, p. 141 - John Lucas of Chatham Co sold to Robert Bolton, Jr. of Savannah, merchant, lot on south commons & Bull Street granted by Comm of Confiscated Estates 16 Jul 1784
On 14 Jan 1788, John and Ann Lucas had daughter Ann Flint Lucas.
On 2 Mar 1790, John and Ann Lucas had daughter Mary Ann Lucas.
On 5 May 1792, John and Ann Lucas had daughter Sarah Lucas.
On 27 Jan 1793, John and Ann Lucas had daughter Elizabeth Lucas.
Ann Mikell Lucas died at or shortly after the birth of her seventh child Elizabeth.
John Lucas married 2d Mary Clarissa Denmark, 20 Dec 1794 in Effingham Co, GA, and they had at least these children: Ann, Reading, Malada, Hugh P., James S., Samuel Wilds, Amy, Alice, Ana Jane, and Bilga.
Clarissa was a member of Little Ogeechee Baptist Church.
Note; Screven Ca was cutout of Burke and Effingham Co in 1793 and then in 1796 some of this area became Bulloch Co.
Screven County, GA, Deed Book P-273, seems to indicate John Lucas had obtained a tract of land on which he was living and proposed to sell as follows: John Lucas, planter of Screven Co to Mergan Mergow of Ebenezer, sum of 150 pounds Sterling for tract of 250 acres of land where said Lucas now lives dated 16 Oct 1795.
Next we find: Georgia, Screven County - received 24 day of September 1800 from John M. Dasher on the sum 150 pounds equal $646.$7-1/2 the consideration for land being in the county aforesaid, bound by land granted Ben Munch, eastwardly by a lagoon, southwardly by Savannah River & John Bradley & west by vacant lands, said tract of land was sold by John Lucas to Mergan Mergow, deceased, in said Mergan Mergow's life time and now confirmed. Signed by John Lucas (LS), Witness: John M Dasher, James Kirk & Benj Machen.
5 Nov 1 1803 Warrant, 16 Dec 1804 for survey of 400 acres land in Screven Co, GA for John Lucas.
23 Nov 1807 200 acres land in Effingham Co, GA, to John Lucas bounding east by land of John Lucas and all other sides vacant.
On 19 Sep 1808 John Lucas obtained a passport through the Creek Nation. (No mention of taking family).
In 1809 John and Clarissa's daughter Ana Jane was born,
3 Apr 1809 Warrant, 13 Jan 1810 Survey, 30 Dec 1819 Grant to John Lucas 800 acres in Effingham Co, Ga bounded nw by Martin, Lucas, vacant & Dampier land, Ely Montford's Mill tract s & sw by vacant, Wm McGahagen (married John's dau Ann Eliza) & Gill's land and nw by Ann McGahagin land.
On 1816 Territorial Census of Marion County, Mississippi (where the family of John Mikell, Jr, James and Edward Mikell and their families were living at that time):
LUCAS, JOHN - 1 male over 21 and 1 slave
Note: Mikell, Ball and Hooker families were in Tennessee by 1811 and Mississippi by 1813.
1 Nov 1816 - John Lucas for $200 sells to William Black a negro woman "Pat", Ref Bk K (5-P) pages 56-57. /S/John Lucas, Sen., Witness: James S. Lucas and John M. Lucas.
On 19 Nov 1816, John Lucas of Screven Co, GA, killed David Lee of Effingham Co, GA. Ref The GA Black Book by Robert Scott Davis page 12. We don't know what happened between John Lucas and David Lee (or which David Lee it is as there were 3 generations of David Lees. I will check and see which one died in 1816 emh). One David Lee was also a Rev War veteran and two of his daughters Dicy and Mary both married Mikells -Charles and James, Sr. This is apparently the David Lee whose land adjoined one 533 acre tract of John Lucas. Some descendants just refuse to believe that this person killed a man but he must have, even if accidentally, as on 13 Jan 1817 John Lucas was pardoned for the murder of David Lee by Proclamation of the Governor. Ref GA Black Book by Robert Scott Davis page 12.
On 9 Jan 1817 in Screven Co, GA, John Lucas, Planter, made the statement that he was moving and gave his son, John M. Lucas, Power of Attorney for him and his lawful wife Clarissa Lucas, John M's step-mother. Ref Book K,. p. 54 Ct of Ord. This was verified on 5 Sep 1817 in Effingham Co and states that James S. Lucas and Hugh P. Lucas witnessed the above transaction.
20 Jan 1817, John Lucas, Planter, and his wife, Mary C. Lucas to Hugh P. Lucas for $1,000 for 100 acres formerly Effingham Co now Screven Co, GA, adjoining Scruggs... west by Little Ogeechee, sw by Wm Moore, nw by Cool Springs Branch.. mentions a Mill and Dam.. and 300 acres adjoining Tanner, also land adj Caleb Powell, David lee and John Boykin, Sr. totaling 533 acres in all. Wit: John M Lucas and James S. Lucas. Signed Clarisa (x) Lucas. Ref Screven Co. Deed Bk K, p.35.
John Lucas went to visit his daughter Margaret Lucas Mcintosh (who married Ursula Mikell McIntosh's son James) who was still living in the Cheraw area and he deeded her a gift:
Know all men by these presents that I, John Lucas, of State of Georgia, Screven County, for love and affection towards my loving daughter Margaret McIntosh of the State of South Carolina, Darlington District, do give her one negro girl named Rose now in possession of my wife Clarissa Lucas in the above named State of Georgia, Screven County, the said Margaret Mcintosh is hereby impowered to go or send by an agent and take into her possession the said negro girl...Signed 7 Feb 1817 in pressence of: Joseph Norwood, Martha Norwood. Signed by John Lucas LS), Recorded 12 Mar 1817.
John Lucas was said to have been one of the first residents of Memphis, TN in a deposition by Margaret Thompson, copy in possession of emh. They probably stopped there for a time before moving on to Alabama, then finally to Jefferson Co, Missouri
John Lucas, County of St. Louis, Territory of Missouri, to my son James S. Lucas, negro boy 8 mo. old named Handy 22 Sep 1818. Wit: Jonathon Vickers & Hugh P. Lucas.
1820 Census of Limestone Co, AL (North Central Alabama on the Tennessee border):
there were 2 John Lucas families.
In 1821, the son William Lucas had settled in Franklin Co, AL, and was serving as state Senator,
We had never seen anything signed by John Lucas by any other name until he made his Will. There he said I, John Perkins Lucas. His will was dated 2 Aug 1825 in Jefferson Co, MO. Deed Bk C, p.52. He mentioned his wife Clarissa Lucas, daughters Bilga, Amy and Alice, and sons Miles and Hugh P. Lucas. In his will John gave his son Miles (Wilds) a 10 mo. old mulatto boy named Louis 2 Aug 1825.
John Lucas, Sen. died 1 May 1826 in Jefferson. Co, MO.
25 Dec 1829 Bilga Lucas married John Hendrickson in Jefferson Co, MO
1830 Census of Jefferson Co, MO. page 119.
Clarissa Lucas head of household with:
1 male 15-20
1 female 10-20
1 female 50-60
In 1831. Samuel W(ilds) Lucas mortgaged the above negro (mulatto) boy now 6 years old.
Sale from Hugh P. Lucas to James S. Lucas 5 Aug 1833 in Jefferson Co, MO;
One beaureau, one writing desk, one bedstead, one candlestand, one bed and clothing of said bed for $50. Wit: Wiles Lucas.
Clarissa Denmark Lucas died on 30 Mar 1835 according to statement of Johm M. Lucas.
John M. Lucas, remained in Screven Co, GA., and his descendants are still living in the area.