Obit written by submitter from biographical information. Obit from newswire follows.
Born Mary Sutherland Maxwell in New York City in 1910, the only child of William Sutherland Maxwell, a Canadian architect and his American wife May Bolles. She died 19 Jan 2000, in Haifi, Israel. In 1937 she became the wife of Shoghi Effendi Rabbani, the Guardian of the Baha'i Faith who preceded her in death on 5 November 1957. Appointed by the Guardian as liaison between the International Baha'i Council and the Guardian, she was named as a Hand of the Cause of God in 1952. She served as the Guardian's Secretary during his lifetime. Since his death, she has written his biography, "The Priceless Pearl" (1969) and had undertaken extensive journeys, giving public lectures and visiting villagers and tribal peoples in many parts of the world. She resided in the House of 'Abdu'l-Baha in Haifi and was a member of the International Teaching Centre.
AP Wire Story Jan 19, 2000.
JERUSALEM (AP) - Madame Ruhiyyih Rabbani, wife of a late Bahai leader and a senior figure in the faith, died Wednesday in the Israeli city of Haifa after a long illness. She was 90.
Originally from Montreal, where she was called Mary Sutherland Maxwell, Mrs. Rabbani married then-world head of the Bahai faith, Shoghi Effendi Rabbani, in 1937.
Mrs. Rabbani held several senior positions and played a major role in increasing the Bahai faith to 5 million followers worldwide, said a release from the faith's headquarters in Haifa.
Following her husband's death in 1957, she helped establish the nine-member Universal House of Justice that Rabbani had said should replace him. Mrs. Rabbani traveled to 185 countries and territories as part of her quest to integrate millions of Bahai followers into a unified global community,
the statement said. She also wrote books on religion and on her husband, including "The Priceless Pearl" and "Prescription for Living." There was no immediate information on survivors. Mrs. Rabbani will be buried on Sunday in Haifa.
The faith is based on the belief that the will of one God is progressively revealed through the prophets of the great religions. The founder, Baha'u'llah, established the religion in 19th-century Persia, now Iran, which consequently expelled him.