In order to obtain benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832.
The State of Ohio Warren County} April Term 1837
On this seventeenth day of April in the year eighteen hundred and thirty seven, in his own person, in open court, being the Court of Common Pleas in and of this county aforesaid now in session, appeared Eleazer Rigg, a resident of the county of Warren aforesaid, age 82 years : who being solemnly sworn according to law, doth make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7th, 1832.
This Declarant states that he was born in Uchland Township, Chester county, in the state of Pennsylvania, on this 28th day of December 1754: when quite young he, with his Father and family, moved into Whiteland Township in said Chester county, and whilst residing in the last named place, he entered the service of the United States and served in the manner hereinafter stated.
Sometime in the month of February, about the 20th, as nearly as he can recollect, in the year 1776, this declarant was enlisted in the service of the United States for the term of six months by one Lieutenant John Davis: He immediately rendevoused [sic] with his company, consisting of 80 or 90 men under the command of Captain Patrick Anderson, Lieut. John Davis, and Ensign Septimus Davis at a village called Chester, Chester County, Pennsylvania at which place the company remained in garrison until about the first of June, during which time the members of our Company were drilled twice a day, and stood sentry by turns. From Chester aforesaid our Company marched to the City of Philadelphia, then a small town by the name of Darby, and on arriving in that City we went into Barracks & staid there until about the 8th day of July, exercising twice each day & standing sentinel. At Philadelphia our Company was placed in a Regiment Commanded by Colonel Atlee, first name not recollected-Caleb Perry was the Lieutenant Colonel and Philip Baten, or Bateman, declarant does not recollect which, was the Major. Whilst our Company remained in Philadelphia, this declarant was in the state yard when the Independence of the United States was declared by Congess then in session there - he recollects this event was announced by the firing of a cannon. From Philadelphia our company as well as several other Companies under the Command of Col. Atlee (he being the highest officer present) marched to Amboy in New Jersey, passing thru' Trenton, Princeton and another town, name not recollected, but declarant thinks it was New Brunswick, & staying on the route long enough only to rest at nights. Our company tarried at Amboy until about the last of July or first of August under drill twice each day and standing as sentinals by turns. Whilst we remained at Amboy there was cannonading across the Staten Island Sound between the British and Americans. Declarant recollects that some of the balls from the British cannon knocked down the pillar of the Market House in Amboy - some entered the roofs of other houses - also a horse was killed in the streets. On leaving Amboy, our Regiment under the command of Col. Atlee marched thru' Elizabethtown immediately to New York City, where we encamped on the Commons in tents - here this Declarant saw Gen. Washington riding thru' the streets of the City surrounded by some of the regular officers of the Army. While at New York we exercised twice a day and stood sentry. About the middle of August we were ordered and did cross over to Long Island under the command of Col. Atlee assd [assigned?] a few days after we landed on Long Island, and before the battle there, towit, on or about the 20th of August 1776 the term for which this Declarant had enlisted expired, and he obtained a discharge-a verbal one only: but a battle being almost daily anticipated, the imminent danger of the Country, and the slender forces of the Americans induced this Declarant voluntarily to remain in the ranks, where he then was in defense of his Country.
Near the last of August the battle on Long Island was fought and this Declarant was actively engaged in it. All the day previous to this commencement of the battle & for some time before the British were landing their troops on the Island from ships. The battle was a scattered, running fight, commencing in the night and continuing the greater part of the next day. The line in which the Declarant was posted occupied a position about one half mile from the bay or harbor - it being on our right, and the enemy attacking us on our left. We were drawn up behind an old fence and the British occupied a line of hills and their musket balls rattled like hail stones on the old fence before us.Declarent thinks that the American forces in the battle of Long Island were under the command of Gen. Sullivan and Lord Stirling until they were successively captured by the enemy: he distinctly recollects seeing Lord Stirling on horseback at one time during the engagement. Declarant also recollects the "Flying Camp", so called, from New Jersey, under the command of Gen. Mercer, if he remembers rightly, was engaged in the Long Island battle. The American forces being too weak to contend with the British & Hessians a retreat was ordered, and we were all night retreating into New York: The company to which the Declarant belonged was the last taken over to the city, as we had been commanded to throw up breast-works to cover the retreat of the American Army if necessary, so that when we embarked it was day-break, and the enemy was close upon our heels. Immediately at the commencement of the action on Long Island, Lieut. Col. Parry was killed by a shot in the eye - Declarant saw him carried from the ground. This Declarant never saw or heard of his Colonel or Major after the battle, nor has he heard from that day to this, what became of his Lieutenant or Ensign - nor has he ever seen his Captain since but he heard, sometime after the battle, that he arrived safely at home, he was quite an elderly man. Without any Regimental or Company officers, and with only a few remaining members of his company this Declarant remained in New York several days with the Militia of Pennsylvania, to defend the city, but finally it was thought advisable to abandon the city to the enemy without any defences [sic],page and thereupon he returned, by the same route he came, in company with some of the Militia of Pennsylvania, to his home in Chester County aforesaid, where he arrived sometime in the latter part of September 1776. This Declarant states that from the time he entered service of the United States as aforesaid until he arrived at his home as aforesaid (which he reached as soon as he could) he was engaged in the Revolutionary War, in the character of a private, for the full term of seven months, for which he never received any pay, whatever, except the bounty money which was five dollars.
The Declarant would further state that he is now old and infirm, and if he has erred in detailing dates, facts, and events, that error is attributable to the frailty of memory attendant on his age: he makes the foregoing statement now, as he, at this distance of time, recollects the facts. Declarant lived in Chester County aforesaid after he arrived at home, as aforesaid, and then moved to York County, Pennsylvania were he resided about nine years; he then went into Washington County. Sometimes called Red Stone, Pennsylvania where he lived until sometime in the year 1800 when he came to Warren County, Ohio and has lived here ever since. This Declarant has outlived nearly all his other youthful companions, consequently he knows of no living person by whom he can prove his services: he would, however, name to this court John Probasco Sen. a clergyman and William Sweeny as credible persons to testify to his general reputation. He has no documentary evidence of his service; he never obtained a written discharge. His age was recorded by his father in his family bible, from which declarant has transcribed it into his own bible now in his possession but where his father's bible is, he does not know.
Declarant hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity, except the present and he declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state. The reason why Declarant has not before this time applied for a pension is that althoÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ justly Intitled to it, he was healthy & able to take care of himself, and under such circumstances would not ask for it: - but he is now old, weak, infirm & stands in need of a pension for his maintenance.
Sworn to & subscribed in open court this day and year aforesaid
JC Wilds Clk Eleazer Rigg
We John Probasco Snr, a Clergyman and William Sweeny, residing in this county of Warren, state of Ohio, in our own persons in open court, do herby certify that we now are and for a great length of time past have been well acquainted with Eleazer Rigg who has subscribed and sworn to the above Declaration - that we believe him to be 82 years of age, that he is reputed and believed, in the neighborhood where he resides, to have been a Soldier of the Revolution, and that we concur in that opinion.
Sworn and subscribed, severally in open court this 17th day of April 1837
JC Wilds clk} John Probesco
And the said Court do herby declare their opinions, after the investigation of the matter.