Below is some info I have accumulated on my Swarthout line, partly from web sources, a book on early Swarthout history, and research done by my Grandmother. If anyone has comments or corrections, please let me know. Scott
(1) 1 Roelof SWARTHOUT, M
Birth: abt 1586, Groningen, Netherlands
Death: 1634, age: 48
The Swartwout \ Swartout family is descended from Rolef (Roeloff / Ralph) Swartwout and his wife Catryna. Rolef, his wife, and his four children were residents of het Rech te Fath (the Straight Passage) in Groningen as early as September 21, 1616. The brick house that they lived in now has a sculpture of a face of a bearded man on the front wall. This house is on the east side of the street. Rolef owned half of the house, and also was a part owner of a dwelling at the north end of Aa-kerk street on the west side. In 1617, Rolef sold his home on the Straight Passage, and bought the entire home on Aa-kerk street (straat), originally Lamhuinge Street. This house was on the junction of Lamhuinge Street and the Cromme Fath (Crooked Passage), near the lofty tower of Aa kerk (a church). This building was believed to have been built in 1446, and was demolished in 1884. Rolef died as a widower in that city in 1634. He was certainly well along in years.
Spouse: Catryna, F
Birth: abt 1586, Groningen, Netherlands
Surnames began to be passed down from one generation to the next generation in England and France about the Eleventh Century, and were used mainly for records of sale and wills. In the middle ages, the names of the seats of ancestral estates began to be used to designate the families possessing them. The name Swartwout, or Swartwolt, (literally meaning "Black Forest") originally was derived from a forest covered manor in Frisia (Northern Holland), now in the district of Ferwerderadeel, a municipality of the Netherlands in the province of Friesland. The inhabitants called it "het Zwartewoude" (the Black Forest), north of the city of Leeuwarden. This patrial manor was originally politically free.
The Frisians were a Germanic race who were already occupying the northern territory of Belgic Gaul when Julius Caesar invaded it in 57 BC. By that time they were far advanced in the methods of agriculture, and were also rich in cattle. They were known for their fair complexion, blue eyes, auburn hair, and great statures.
Some of the earliest possible Swartwout ancestors include:
Otto Swartewold, of Drenthe, was a member of the constitution of the arbitration commision in 1338. This constitution settled sectional disagreements by singing songs.
Johan Swartwolt (in 1580) and later Herman Swartwolt were Sworn Commons that selected citizens to be municipal officers.
Arent Swartwolt extinguished the flames enveloping the palisades protecting the gateway of the walled town of Steenwijk in 1580 when Spanish troops besieged it. In the Sixteenth Century several Swartwolts moved to Groningen, Holland due to the invasion of Frisia in 1500 by Albert, Duke of Saxony. These Swartwolts were engaged in the highly respectable business of brewing beer. They were members of the Brewer's Guild. Arent Swartwolt was admitted to the guild in 1546. Following his heroic deed in 1580, he was elected in 1581 as a courtier to represent the interests of the occupation in the General Council of the Guilds.
Children: Tomys, M (1607-1662)
Hermanus, M (1608-)
(2) 1.1a Tomys SWARTHOUT*, M
Birth: 1607, Groningen, Netherlands
Death: 1662, age: 55
It was Tomys Swartwout's good fortune to become acquainted with Hendrickjen, the amiable daughter of Barent Otsen, a prominent book-publisher of the city of Amsterdam...
(Banns recorded) on the tenth of May, 1631... Heyndrickje Barents, of Amsterdam, twenty years old, assisted by her father, Barent Otsen, residing in Breestraat, at the Ossemarct...
On June 3, 1631, Tomys Swartwout and Hendrickjen Otsen were married in the Nieuwe-Kerk...
The nuptial poem and the bridal sonnets were published by her father." (3)
"The birth of Tomys and Hendrickjen Otsen Swartwout's first child, Roeloff, was followed by his baptism in the Oude-Kerk, on June 1, 1634... Their second son, Barent, baptised in the Oude-Kerk, on July 15, 1638... and their daughter Trijntje (Catrijna), baptized in the same church, on December 15, 1639... and Jacomijntje, baptized in the Nieuwe-Kerk, on February 10, 1646, (received the name of her mother's mother...
Tomys Swartwout was associated with his brothers at Amsterdam as a tobacco dealer." (4) "At the beginning of the month of March, 1652, on the day for the sailing of the ship in which they had taken passage for themselves and their children to the Mauritius River...On landing at "Manhattans Island," they were cordially greeted by Director-General Stuyvesant." (5) "Jan Snedeker, Jan Stryker, and Tomys Swartwout solicited of Director-General Stuyvesant the right of settling together on the level reach of wild land (de vlacke bosch) or the flat bush, adjacent to the outlying farms at Breukelen and Amersfoort...
Through Tomys Swartwout's suggestion, it would seem, the settlement was given the name of the village of Midwout or Midwolde, lying about twenty-five miles eastward of the city of Groningen, where certain of his ancestors had long resided." (6) Director-General Stuyvesant and the Council of New Netherlands appointed him, on April 13, 1655, a schepen to serve with Jan Snedeker and Adriaen Hegeman, who with him composed the Court of Midwout."
(7) He reorganized Midwout for better defense after the Indian attacks on Manhattan and Long Island of Sep 1655. "Having for many years vainly solicited letters-patent for the land occupied and cultivated by him at Midwout, he received, on March 7, 1661, from Director-General Stuyvesant, the long-desired instrument of writing, placing him in legal possession of his farm of... about 116 acres. Intending to change his residence to Wiltwijck, he sold, on March 15, 1661, one-half of his farm to his friend and neighbor, Jan Snedeker. Tomijs Swartwout's signature is found on the original record-book of the Reformed Dutch Church of Wiltwijk... He is also named in the baptismal register of the same church, as sponsor, on January 8, 1662, for his son Roeloff's second son Antoni. Tradition relates the he returned to Holland (perhaps after the decease of his wife), where he died." (8)
1) Weise, Arthur James; The Swartwout Chronicles 1338-1899 and the Ketelhuyn Chronicles 1451-1899 (1899 New York) p. 41
2) Ibid., p. 47
3) Ibid., p. 49-54
4) Ibid., p. 54-56
5) Ibid., p. 62
6) Ibid., p. 65
7) Ibid., p. 84
8) Ibid., p. 89
Tomys became acquanted with Hendrickjen Otsen, the daughter of Barent Otsen, a prominent book publisher residing on Breestraat (Broad Street), near the Ossemaret (Ox Market). He lived outside the Old Regulator's Gate, in the Printing House in Amsterdam. Barent's wife's name was Jacomijntje. Barent Otsen, or Otsz, was established in Amsterdam as a printer in 1612, and his book titled the Great Riddle Book became very popular in 1614. On October 21, 1619, he was enrolled as a member of the Booksellers' Guild. Tomy's and Hendrickjen's banns were published on May 10, 1631, and they were married by Rev. Joannes Cornelius on June 3, 1631 at the New Church of Amsterdam.
Tomys and Hendrickjen lived near the city walls of Amsterdam. On May 1, 1645, they sold their property for 2300 florins, and moved to Saint Peter's cross-street. On May 28, 1648, Hendrickjen sold her interest in that house for 380 florins. About this time, Holland's commercial competitors, England and France, took over several areas that were important to Amsterdam, and placed high taxes on them. Amsterdam's property began to lose it's value, and business in Amsterdam became stagnate. On March 21, 1651, the directors of the Amsterdam Chamber of the West India Company gave word to Director-General Petrus Stuyvesant, of New Netherland (New York), that the corporation was "opening the territory of New Netherland for the settlement of colonists." Later that year, Tomys sold his property in Amsterdam, and, early in March of 1652, he and his family sailed down the Ij and left their homeland for good.
Following his move to America, Tomys was one of 19 representatives who remonstrated against the maladministration of the affairs of the province of New Amsterdam by the arrogant directors of the West India Company. These 19 men wished to have a voice in government of the colony, but their wishes were held in contempt and they were punished.
Spouse: Hendrickjen Barents OTSEN, F
Birth: abt 1610, Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
Father: Barent OTSEN, M (1584-)
Mother: Jacomijntje, F (~1588-)
Marr: 3 Jun 1631, Nieuwe-Kerk, Amsterdam, Holland
Marr Memo: banns were published on May 10, 1631
Children: Roeloff, M (1634-1715)
Barent, M (1638-)
Tryntje, F (1645->1646)
Jacomijntje, F (1646-)
Other Spouses Adrijetjen SIJMONS
(3) 1.1a.1a Roeloff SWARTHOUT*, M
Birth: 1 Jun 1634, Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
Death: 30 May 1715, Hurley, New York, age: 80
Roeloff Swartwout was baptized at the Oude-Kerk (Old Church) in Amsterdam, Holland on June 1, 1634. He grew up on his father's bouwery at Midwout, Holland. In 1656, he decided to follow in his father's footsteps, and move to New Netherlands. In that year he visited Beverswyck (Beaver's District), a small independent colony near Fort Orange that was separated from the colony of Rensselaerswyck in April of 1652. Twelve years later, the name Beverswyck was changed by the English to Albany, NY.
Spouse: Affien Eva Alberts BRADT, F
Birth: Jan 1633, Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
Death: 1689, Hurley, New York, age: 55
Father: Albert Andriesz BRADT, M (~1607-1686)
Mother: Annetje Barents ROTTMERS, F (1608-
During his sojourn at Beverswyck, Roeloff met Eva Albertse Bratt. She was the daughter of Albert Andriessen Bradt and his wife, Annatie Barents van Rotmers(z). Albert, who was often called Albert the Noorman or Albert Andriess Noorman, was born about 1607 at Frederikstad, at the mouth of the Glommern River, in Norway. He was the son of Andries Arentse Bradt who was born about 1578 in Frederikstad. Annatie was the daughter of Geesie Barents and her husband Barent (who died prior to his daughter Eva's marriage). Geesie Barents later married Pieter Jacobsen van Rendsburgh. In June of 1642, Peter Jacobsen and his wife "Gysje Pieters" (formerly known as Geesie Barents, Pieters simply means that she was the wife of Pieter) made a joint will in which real and personal property was left to her daughter "Annetje Alberts" (Alberts here is referring to the fact that she was the wife of Albert). Geesie Barents was a sponsor for her great-granddaughter Cornelia at Kingston in 1667.
In 1656, Eva Bradt de Hooges was residing on the northwest corner of Bever and Handelaars (Broadway) streets, south of the blockhouse church. After asking for her hand in marriage and publishing their banns, Roeloff married Eva on August 13, 1657. Roeloff's father, Tomys, and Eva's father, Albert, were present. Their marriage contract reads (translated from Dutch):
"In the name of the Lord... in the year sixteen hundred and fifty seven on the thirteenth day of the month of August, appeared before me, Johannes La Montagne,... deputy at Fort Orange..., Roeloff Swartwout, in the presence of his father, Thomas Swartwout, on the one side, and Eva Albertse, widow of the late Antoine de Hooges, in the presence of Albert Andriessen (Bradt / Bratt) her father, on the other side, who, in the following manner, have covenanted this marriage contract... in the presence of the orphan-masters, recently chosen here, to wit(ness): Honorable Jan Verbeeck and Evert Wendel, reserves for her and Antoine de Hooges' children, for each of them, one hundred guilders, to wit, for Maricken, Anneken, Catrina, Johannes, and Elconora de Hooges... Barent Albertse (Bradt / Bratt) and Teunis Slingerland, brother and brother-in-law of the said Eva Albertse and uncles of the said children, should be guardians of said children... Done in Fort Orange..." signed by:
the mark of "+" Eva Albertse (Bradt / Bratt)
Thomas (Tomys) Swartwout
Albert Andriessen (Bradt / Bratt)
witnessed by Johannes Provoost and (mark of "+") Pieter Jacobsen
Four years prior to Roeloff and Eva's marriage, a number of colonists of Rensselaerswyck, led by Thomas Chambers, bought several tracts of land off of some Indians along the Esopus Creek (now Kingston, NY). Their hopes were to establish and cultivate manor-free land so that they could advance their own interests. In 1659, Roeloff decided to move to Esopus also. In order to start an independent farm, however, he needed money, so he sold his garden in Beverswyck on August 15, 1659 to Philip Pieterse Schuyler. This garden was originally granted to Anthony de Hooges, Eva's first husband. He also mortgaged his home. In doing so, he was able to pay off a debt that he had promised to pay off by July 1, 1660. He then sailed to Holland to obtain the necessary tools and some farm hands.
While he was in Holland the lords-directors of the West India Company asked him numerous questions about this independent settlement. Upon learning that it was their intention to establish a local court there, Roeloff asked to be appointed as a schout (sheriff) of the settlement. Realizing that he was qualified, "the directors of the Incorporated West India Company, department of Amsterdam, ...placing confidence in the capability... of... Roeloff Swartwout, we have have provisionally appointed and commissioned him sheriff... giving him full power, order, and authority to occupy this position" on April 14, 1660. As the provisional sheriff, Roeloff took the "rank of the burgemeesters and schepens," and was to sit in on judicial meetings as the president. Roeloff left Amsterdam for New Netherlands on April 15, 1660 on board of de Bonte Koe (the Spotted Cow). He took with him agricultural implements and three farm laborers.
Director-General Petrus Stuyvesant and the provincial authorities of New Netherlands felt slighted that one of them was not chosen as the sheriff, and set out to debase the character of Roeloff Swartwout. They lied when they claimed that the 26 year old was still a minor, and therefore unfit to run the place. The authorities in Amsterdam argued that they had sufficient judgement and possessed the authority to have their orders obeyed. Upon returning to Esopus, Roeloff rented a bowery from the widow of Jacob Jansen Stol, who had been killed by Indians in October of 1659.
On April 26, 1661, Director-General Petrus Stuyvesant was asked to allot parcels of ground to different persons desiring to settle in Esopus. Stuyvesant renamed the settlement Wiltwyck (Wild District), following some trouble with the local Indians. On May 5 he appointed Evert Pels, Cornelis Barentsen Sleight, and Albert Heymansen Roose (Roosa) as schepens. Following their appointment, Roeloff formally petitioned the provincial authorities to invest him with the office of provisional schout. Although Stuyvesant had his doubts about Roeloff, he was forced to comply with the orders of the Governor-General and the High Council in Amsterdam. Stuyvesant wrote to the High Council saying that "in pursuance of your Honor's special request he (Roeloff) is now appointed, and we leave the result to his behavior and suitableness."
Desiring to build a home for his family in Wiltwyck, Roeloff obtained a deed to a lot which measured 170 feet (Holland measure). This lot was to the south of the lot of Louis Du Bios, a French Walloon, and north of the lot of Thomas Harmansen. A new village was being laid on the right bank of the Esopus Kill (Rondout Creek). Roeloff also received a lot here of 24 acres of land "lying neare unto ye New Durp" (lying in the New Village, later named Hurley) on April 25, 1662. This lot was "to ye West of Evert Pell's, to ye East of ye Minister's Lott." His two parcels of land were confirmed by the English Governor Richard Nicolls on July 16, 1668. Roeloff also purchased 16 acres of land previously owned by Hendrick Cornelissen van Holstein. This lot was confirmed to him on July 23, 1667 by Governor Nicolls.
A militia company was organized in Wiltwyck on May 30, 1662. Thomas Chambers was made captain, Hendrick Jochemsen (Schoonmaker) was made lieutenant, and Pieter Jacobsen, the miller, was made sergeant. Roeloff Swartwout, Cornelis Barentsen Sleight and others were given subordinated positions, and helped the other inhabitants of Wiltwyck feel less concerned about a possible Indian attack. Roeloff was concerned with their safety, and took steps to remove any evidences of danger. He outlawed the selling of liquor to the natives, and wrote to the provincial authorities on September 5, 1662 regarding his fears of the frequent infringements on his law. Roeloff noticed that the greatest threat was from rebellous traders who continued to sell liquor and firearms to the natives, and that "if no precautions are taken we are in great danger of drawing upon us a new war." In 1663, he was suspended from office on account of the "insolent letter," but he apologized and had his privileges restored.
Nine months after Roeloff wrote that letter, his fears were realized. On June 10, 1663 between 11 and 12 o'clock, the savages entered the village "in a friendly manner." A short time later some horseback riders came into town crying out that "the Indians have destroyed the new village!" The Indians attacked from the rear, plundering houses and firing rifles from the corner houses. They set the village on fire, burning twelve homes. Fortunately the wind changed, saving several homes from destruction. Most of the settlers were unarmed, for they had been out in the fields before the attack. The Indians were "put flight on the alarm being given by the sheriff (Roeloff)." Hendrick Jochemsen (Schoonmaker) had been "very severely wounded in his house by two shots at an early hour," but, with the help of Jacob the brewer, managed to get to gate toward the river. "Captain Thomas Chambers, who was wounded on coming in from" the fields, "issued immediate orders to secure the gates, to clear the gun and drive out the savages."
More people would have died had it not been for the chief men of Wiltwyck. "The intrepid schout's conduct in hastening from his partly built dwelling and venturing through the corpse-strewn streets to alarm and collect a small body of armed men and with them dauntlessly searching through the smoky and cinder-littered surroundings of the burning dwellings for the murdering invaders and driving them from the scene of their blood shedding, incendiarism, and plunder, must ever be regarded as memorable evidence of his fitness for the responsible office then held by him." Domine Blom related on September 18, 1663 that 24 had been murdered and 45 were taken hostage.
On July 12, 1667, Roeloff conveyed one forth of his land to William Beekman, the attorney for Petrus Stuyvesant. At the time, Roeloff was the guardian of the minor children of the late Matthys Janse Van Keulen. That same day Thomas Chambers, who married the widow of the late Matthys Janse Van Keulen, also conveyed one forth of his land to William Beekman. On September 6, 1667, William Beekman requested that Roeloff keep his fence in Proper condition. On September 24, 1667, William Beekman accused Roeloff of selling "strong drinks to the savages." In June of 1670 Roeloff finally got rid of his land in Albany by conveying it to Ryckie Dareth, the widow of Jan Dareth of Albany, a lot east of the house of Volkert Janse (Douw). On February 1, 1671, Matthys Blanshan made a complaint against Roeloff's dog. On June 13, 1671, Roeloff was told by the court to make the necessary repairs to his fence.
On May 28, 1686, a survey of was taken of Hurley (the New Village). According to this survey, Roeloff owned 47 acres of land on the north side of the Esopus Kill (Rondout Creek), a house lot in Hurley, and two lots (11 and 13) on the "Hurley Fly" (meadow ground). On November 12, 1697, Roeloff petitioned for 200 acres of land in Ulster County. This land was called "Waghgashkenck" or "Machackemeck" (which is now the village of Port Jervis in the town of Deerpark, Orange County, NY)
In January of 1690, a troop of French soldiers and Indians, commanded by Sieur Le Moyne de Sainte Helene, attacked the colony of Schenectady, NY. This alerted the inhabitants of Albany, who bolstered their forces greatly. A need for corn for these forces caused the commissioners to authorize Roeloff Swartwout as the collector of the king's revenue in Ulster County. As such, he was to obtain as much corn from the farmers in his district as they could spare, and ship it to Albany as soon as possible. With the shipment of corn, Roeloff took the opportunity to send a letter to the authorities of Albany advising them that the upcoming "election of two delegates" which would be held the following May at New York City "ought to be a free election for all classes" rather than an election of those who considered "themselves favorites of royalty."
Roeloff was not afraid of losing his preferred position when he became a partisan of Jacob Leisler, who commended him to the Committee of Safety. This commencement gave him the power and authority of a commander-in-chief. He was given the title Justice and Collector of the Grand Excise of Ulster County.
The will of Roeloff Swartwout was recorded in the Ulster County Book of Deeds, Liber II on March 30, 1714. This will was probated on May 14, 1715. Following the long religious preamble, it reads (translated from Dutch):
"To my oldest son Thomas Âœ25, his right as being the first born. Also to Thomas and my son Barnardus my entire estate in the County of Ulster... Âœ1500 to my other heirs - To my daughter, Hendricke, wife of Huybert Lambertsen Âœ65. To the children of my son Anthony Âœ65. To the children of my daughter Cornelia, deceased, Âœ65. To my daughter Ragel (Rachel), wife of Jacob Kip Âœ65. To my daughter Eva, wife of Jacob Dingman Âœ65. All my clothing to my sons Thomas and Barnardus."
"The Swartwout Chronicles 1338 - 1899 and the Ketelhuyn Chronicles 1451 - 1899" by Arthur James Weise, M. A.
"Descent From Seventy-Nine Early Immigrant Heads of Families, vol. 1" by James S. Elston
"Early Records of Albany" by Prof. Jonathan Pearson
"Contributions for the Genealogies of the Ancient County of Albany from 1630 to 1800" by Prof. Jonathan Pearson
"Pioneer Families of Orange County, NY" by Martha and Bill Reamy
"Ulster County, NY Probate Records" by Gustave Anjou, Ph. D.
"Baptismal and Marriage Registers of the Old Dutch Church of Kingston, Ulster County, NY, 1660-1809" by Roswell R. Hoes
Children: Hendrickje, M
Thomas, M (ca1660-ca1723)
Antoni, M (1661-1700)
Cornelia, F (1667- Rachel, F (1669-)
Bernardus, M (1673-)
Other Spouses Francijntje ANDRIES
(4) 1.1a.1a.1 Hendrickje SWARTHOUT, M
Spouse: Huybert Lambertsen BRINK, F
Father: Lambert BRINK, M
Mother: Hendrickje Cornelis, F
Huybert was the son of Lambert Huybertse who came to this country with his wife, Hendrickje Cornelis (Lamberts), and two children from Wageningen, in the Province of Gelderland, in the Netherlands in December of 1659. A third child was born on the passage. Hendrickje and Huybert's marriage was recorded at the Old Dutch Church of Kingston, NY. Their marriage banns were first published on February 21, 1679. Huybert was born at Wageningen. According to their marriage record, Hendrickje was "from Nieu Albanien" (New Albany or Albany, NY). They both resided in Hurley, and their marriage took place there.
Marr: 16 Mar 1679
Children: Lambert, M (1680-)
Roelof, M (1684-)
Thomas, M (1685-)
Hendrick, M (1687-)
Eva, F (1690-)
Hendricus, M (1694- Hendricus, M (1697-)
Johannes, M (1699-)