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MARTIN family, Scotland

MARTIN family, Scotland

Dave Stretton (View posts)
Posted: 9 Aug 2004 7:54AM GMT
Classification: Query
Surnames: MARTIN NICOLL McKENNA STRAIN WALLACE RAE KEPPIE PENMAN
Hope attached gedcom is of use to someone.
Attachments:

Re: MARTIN family, Scotland

theresa johnson (View posts)
Posted: 2 Nov 2004 7:21PM GMT
Classification: Query
Do you have documentation that the Martin name originated in Scotland? I thought England as some of the original Jamestown settlers were Martins?
Do you have any info on Virginia Martins of the 1600's?

Re: MARTIN family, Scotland

Dave Stretton (View posts)
Posted: 2 Nov 2004 7:46PM GMT
Classification: Query
The MARTIN surname is common throughout the UK. All my MARTINs so far have come from Forfarshire, Scotland.

Re: MARTIN family, Scotland

Posted: 3 Nov 2004 4:45PM GMT
Classification: Query
The Ancient History
of the
Distinguished Surname
“Martin”

The chronicles of England, though sometimes shrouded by the mists of time, reveal the early records of the name Martin as a Norman surname, which ranks as one of the oldest. The history of the name is interwoven into the colorful fabric as an intrinsic part of the history of Britain.

Careful research by professional analysts using such ancient manuscripts as the Domesday Book (compiled in 1086 by William the Conqueror), the Ragman Rolls, the Wace poem the Honor Roll of the Battel Abbey, the Curia Regis, Pipe Rolls, the Falaise Roll, tax records, baptismals, family genealogies, and local parish and church records, show the first record of the name Martin was found in Leicestershire where they were seated from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.

Many alternate spellings of the name were found. They were typically linked to a common root, usually one of the Norman nobles at the Battle of Hastings. Martin is found as an English, French, Scottish, Irish, German, Czech, Flemish, Dutch, Danish, and Norwegian Patronymic surname -- derived from the ancient Latin given name Martinus, derived from Mars/Martis, the Roman god of fertility and war. A fourth-century saint had the name, and those early saints made for a lot of namesakes. Variations are Marten, Martyn, Martine, Lamartine, and Martijn among others. Scribes recorded and spelled the name as it sounded. It was not unlikely that a person would be born with one spelling, married with another, and buried with a headstone, which showed another. All three spellings related to the same person. Sometimes references for different spelling variations either came from a division of the family, or, had religious reasons, or sometimes patriotic reasons.

The family name Martin is believed to be descended originally from the Norman race. They were commonly believed to be of French origin but were, more accurately, of Viking origin. The Vikings landed in the Orkneys and Northern Scotland about the year 870 A.D., under their Chief, Stirgud the Stout. Later, under their Jarl, Thorfinn Rollo, they invaded France about 940 A.D. The French King, Charles the Simple, after Rollo laid siege to Paris, finally conceded defeat and granted northern France to Rollo. Rollo became the first Duke of Normandy, the territory of the North Men. Duke William, who invaded and defeated England in 1066, was descended from the first Duke Rollo of Normandy.

Duke William took a census of most of England in 1086, and recorded it in the Domesday Book. A family name capable of being traced back to this document, or to Hastings, was a signal honor for most families during the middle ages, and even to this day.

The surname Martin emerged as a notable English family name in the county of Leicester where they were recorded as a family of great antiquity seated as Lords of the manor and estates in that shire. They were originally from St. Martin in Normandy and arrived in England with the Conqueror. De Sancto Martino was granted lands in Leicestershire and held many manors in that shire. By the 12 th century they had also branched south to Kent from the Isle of Wight and in the former county erected Leeds Castle. Meanwhile the main stem of the family was at Anstey Pastures in Leicestershire and also at Rotton House in the same county. Baron Martin was the scion of the family. They became very strong seafaring family represented by Admiral Sir Thomas Martin, Captain Matthew Martin and John Martin who sailed around the world with Sir Francis Drake; the latter was of the Kentish branch. They moved north into Scotland, following Earl David of Huntingdon who would become King of Scotland. Later, in the 16 th , 17 th and 18 th centuries, England and Scotland were ravaged by religious and political conflict. The Monarchy, the Church and Parliament fought for supremacy. The unrest caused many to think of distant lands.

Settlers in Ireland became known as the “Adventurers for land in Ireland”. They “undertook” to keep the Protestant faith, and were granted lands previously owned by the Irish. In Ireland they settled in Tyrone and the name frequently became MacMartin and Gilmartin.

The news of attractions of the New World spread like wildfire. Many sailed aboard the fleet of sailing ships known as the “White Sails”.

In North America, migrants which could be considered kinsmen of the family name Martin, or variable spellings of that same family name included Christopher Martin and his wife arrived on the “Mayflower” in 1620; Joe Martin settled in Providence Rhode Island in 1635; Elizabeth, Francis, Henry, Jacob, James, John, Joseph, Margaret, Mary, Martin, Michael, Peter, Phillip, Richard, Samuel and Thomas Martin all arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860; but perhaps the first settler was John Martin who settled in Virginia in 1606, 14 years before the “Mayflower”. From the port of arrival many settlers joined the wagon trains westward. During the War of Independence some declared their loyalty to the Crown and moved northward to Canada and became known as the United Empire Loyalists.

Meanwhile, the family name was prominent in the social scene. There were many notables of this name, Martin:

Sir David Martin
Edwin Martin, American Diplomat
Archer Martin, British Chemist
Charles Martin, American Cartoonist
Mary Martin, Actress
William Martin, American Financier

In the process of researching this distinguished family name we also traced the most ancient grant of Coat of Arms from the branches, which developed their own Arms.The most ancient grant of Coat of Arms found was: Silver with a chevron between two seashells at the top and a red cross in base. The Crest was: A Talbot’s head. The ancient family Motto for this distinguished name was: “Sure and Steadfast”


Martin Surname Facts

Ethnic:
Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Flemish, French, German, Irish, Norwegian, Scottish

Variations:
French: Martineau
Italian: Martinelli, Martinetti
English: Martin

Derived from the first name Martin, which was ultimately derived from Mars, the Roman god of war. Martin is found as an English, French, Scottish, Irish, German, Czech, Flemish, Dutch, Danish, and Norwegian patronymic surname -- derived from the ancient Latin given name Martinus, derived from Mars/Martis, the Roman god of fertility and war. A fourth-century saint had the name, and those early saints made for a lot of namesakes. Variations are Marten, Martyn, Martine, Lamartine, and Martin among others. Marti, Marty are cognate forms of the name Martin found in Provencal.

Martin
St. Martin of Tours was the patron saint of France and made Martin the most common name in that country. As a saint (with a good festival, to boot) Martin was also popular around the world. In Spanish speaking countries, Martinez is a Spanish patronymic name for the descendants of Martin.

Martin
MARTIN (British). Diminutive of "Mars"; through Saint Martin.

Martin
A masculine personal name & surname. Also Martyn; Dutch Martijn; Portuguese Martinho; Italian & Spanish Martino; Latin Martinus < Latin Martinus warlike

Martin
Of Mars < Latin

MANX NAMES: Names of the Isle of Man from a manorial roll collected in 1511-15, known as the "Liber Assedationis" Patronymic Name Frequency 11 Mac Marten, Mac Martyn 7; Martyn 2; Martynson 2

Martin
Saint Martin: 315? - 399? Bishop of Tours

Scottish Martin Associated Clan: Cameron, Macdonald

MARTIN (GERMANY) LISTED IN GERMAN GENEALOGIES INDEX: MARTIN/ MERTENS/MARTING
ORIGINS OF FOREIGN NAMES: MARTIN

Martin
Ranked number #38 in the list of top 100 surnames in Ireland from the SPECIAL
REPORT ON SURNAMES IN IRELAND, WITH NOTES AS TO NUMERICAL STRENGTH, By Sir Robert E.Matheson based on the index of births for the year 1890.Martin History of Top 40 Irish family names:
Martin/MacGillmartin: This is one of the most numerous surnames in Ireland, as it is also in England and Scotland. One family of Martins are included in the fourteen 'Tribes of Galway', having come to Ireland at the time of the Anglo-Norman invasion. The name is also used as an abbreviation of Gillmartin. In Tyrone Martin, formerly Mac-Martin is the name branch of the O'Neills. O'Martin was an established name in Westmeath in the sixteenth century.

Martin
IRISH GAELIC NAMES
Mac Giolla Mhartain - Martin or Gilmartin - Co Tyrone - Uí Neill

CLANS & FAMILIES OF SCOTLAND & IRELAND

Families Ethnic Group Branch of
MacMartin, Martin Erainn Cameron
MacMartin IVL South Scotland
Martin IVL Ireland, Hebrides
Martin Normans Tribes of Galway
Martin O'Neill (Ulster)


Martin Martin 1660 - 1718
Geographer and Mapmaker. Martin was a native highlander, born in Skye, and Gaelic -speaker who reported on the products and people of the Western Isles of Scotland. Educated at Edinburgh and Leiden Universities. He mapped St. Kilda (1697), and worked with John Adair in the mapping of the Hebrides. Martin's work 'Description of the Western Isles' (1703) was derided for its inaccuracies by Dr. Samuel Johnston and James Boswell, although they had the benefit of writing some 70 years later. Martin died in London and is buried in the church of St Martin-in-the-Fields.

MARTIN (IRELAND)
The Origin and History of... MARTIN
The "MARTIN" family name originated in Galway, located in Ireland. The "MARTIN" family traces their ancestral roots back to Norman / Irish origin.

MARTIN (ENGLAND)
Components of the MARTIN Family Coat of Arms
The Shield: Blue with a silver cross mounted, on the left a sun in splendour, on the right a crescent. The Crest: A starfish.
The Motto: "Auxilium Meum A Domino" My help is from the Lord

MARTIN (ENGLAND)
The Origin and History of... MARTIN
The "MARTIN" family name originated in Leicestershire, located in England. The"MARTIN" family traces their ancestral roots back to Norman origin.

MARTIN (ENGLAND)
Components of the MARTIN Family Coat of Arms
The Shield: Silver background with two red bars.The Crest: A Talbot's head. The Motto: "Sure and Steadfast"

MARTIN Family References in the Harleian Manuscripts
The Harleian Manuscripts are records of the "Visitations" or, compilations of research done by heralds with regard to the backgrounds of English and Welsh families. These documents, compiled from about 1530 to the close of the 17th century, contain more than 30,000 registered family lineages, and are now housed in the British Museum in London, England.
The MARTIN family name was recorded in the following counties. This information can be used as a starting point for further investigation into these records at the British Museum.


Main County Branched to
BEDFORDSHIRE WORCESTERSHIRE
BERKSHIRE
CAMBRIDGESHIRE DORSET
CORNWALL DEVONSHIRE
DEVONSHIRE DORSET KENT
DORSETSHIRE
DURHAM
ESSEX
GLOUCESTERSHIRE
HAMPSHIRE
KENT
LONDON HEREFORD
MIDDLESEX ESSEX
OXFORDSHIRE
SUFFOLK
SURREY



MARTIN
The records of 244 Prestigious Castles and Majestic Homes have been examined to construct a database of thousands of families who originally owned, subsequently owned, were related by marriage, or were otherwise associated with these fine historic structures.The MARTIN family can be genealogically linked with the following estates.

Castle County Head of 19th Century Family
FRANKS KENT POWER
LANHYDROCK CORNWALL LORD ROBARTES
LEEDS CASTLE KENT WYKEHAM


MARTIN (FRANCE)
The Origin and History of... MARTIN
The "MARTIN" family name originated in Gascogne, located in France. The "MARTIN" family traces their ancestral roots back to French origin.

MARTIN (FRANCE)
Components of the MARTIN Family Coat of Arms
The Shield: On a blue background there is a black and silver castle. The Crest: None listed.
The Motto: None listed.

MARTIN (GERMANY)
The Origin and History of... MARTIN
The "MARTIN" family name originated in Oldenburg, located in Germany. The "MARTIN" family traces their ancestral roots back to Teutonic origin.

MARTIN (GERMANY)
Components of the MARTIN Family Coat of Arms
The Shield: Silver with a blue fess. The lines of the fess are wavy. The Crest: Five ostrich feathers.
The Motto: None listed.

MARTIN (ITALY)
The Origin and History of... MARTIN
The "MARTIN" family name originated in Lombardy, located in Italy. The "MARTIN" family traces their ancestral roots

MARTIN (SPAIN)
The Origin and History of... MARTIN
The "MARTIN" family name originated in Granada, located in Spain. The "MARTIN"
family traces their ancestral roots back to Spanish origin.

MARTIN (SPAIN)
Components of the MARTIN Family Coat of Arms
The Shield: Blue background with a silver fesse and three red circles.
The Crest: None listed.
The Motto: None listed.

Re: MARTIN family, Scotland

Dave Stretton (View posts)
Posted: 3 Nov 2004 4:57PM GMT
Classification: Query
Thanks for that excellent piece of research.

Dave

Re: MARTIN family, Scotland

Theresa Johnson (View posts)
Posted: 3 Nov 2004 9:17PM GMT
Classification: Query
Thank you for that in depth history of the Martin surname! Now to continue my research for the connection!

Re: MARTIN family, Scotland

Posted: 4 Nov 2004 7:53AM GMT
Classification: Query
Surnames: Martin, McCarron, Boyle, O'Hara, Rowe
Wow! Just wonderful! Thanks for a great posting.

Re: MARTIN family, Scotland

Posted: 4 Nov 2004 4:29PM GMT
Classification: Query
I had already posted the info @ http://www.fhsofmartin.org.uk/

Re: MARTIN family, Forfarshire, Scotland

Posted: 16 Jan 2012 6:46AM GMT
Classification: Query
Surnames: MARTIN - WALSH
I am researching my gt.grandfather Robert Thomas MARTIN who came from Forfarshire. He travelled to South Africa on the Lord Raglan in 1859 aged around 24 and met and married my gt. grandmother Margaret WALSH. They had a daughter Elizabeth in SA and then come to New Zealand on an immigration scheme in 1862.

Thank you
Jane Campbell

Re: MARTIN family, Forfarshire, Scotland

Posted: 13 May 2012 9:14PM GMT
Classification: Query
My father Donald Martin was born in Kennoway, Fifeshire which is just over the water from Forfar. His family moved to Glasgow for some reason when he was a child and lived in Elderpark Street. He was brought out to New Zealand by cousins farming here in in the 1920's and later emigrated in the 1930's and remained here for the rest of his life. Very little can be located concerning his early life, he did not speak much about it so it must have been very difficult. I wonder if there is any link between the Forfar Martins and the Fife Martins. There is a story they arrived from Ireland about 425Ad and crossed the Great Glen to Fife settling near St. Andrews. But this is purely anecdotal.
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