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Was Heyman Roosa of Sephardic descent?

Was Heyman Roosa of Sephardic descent?

Posted: 28 Jan 2008 10:37PM GMT
Classification: Query
Surnames: Rosa, Roosa, de Rosa, Roza, Rosas
I have seen a great deal of supposition regarding the possibility of the Dutch Roosas being of Spanish/Jewish origins. There seem to be two firmly rooted camps; those who unquestionably support the theory, and those who believe it to be only a "legend". Hard evidence to support either argument has yet to surface.
Bert Feldman asserted that the Roosas were "from a rabbinical family", yet nobody has been able to identify his sources for this. His being Jewish himself does not qualify him for special knowledge that would enable him to ascertain this. Strictly speaking, Mr. Feldman was, at best, an amatuer historian making an educated guess. And, without his source material, we can only wonder at what information he used as a basis for his statement.
That being said, there is enough historical background material available to convince me that the assertions made by Abraham Guijsbert Roosa of the family being of Spanish origins may be true. (The Nederlandse Familienamen Databank of the Marteens Institute states that Roosa only claimed Catalon descent, nothing of Jewish origins). First and foremost, anyone bothering to look at old Dutch records will find that the name was spelled "Rosa" with one 'o'. In many instances, it is "de Rosa". Kingston Dutch Reformed Church records from the 1600's list it as "Rosa" with one O. Secondly, after culling through many available online records from the state archives of the Netherlands, I cannot find one reference to this name prior to the end of the 1400's. I did, however, find Jewish names; Coen and Haym.
Jews were in Gelderland from the middle of the 14th century, particularly in Nijmegen. The main migration of Sephardin came at the end of the 16th century following Dutch independence from Spain, but there had been Jewish communities in Holland for over two centuries already.
Many Jewish families from the Catalon region of Spain did migrate to Holland. And, the city of Rosas is in this part of Spain, a region heavily populated by Jews during the middle ages. Rosa/Rosas was a Jewish family in that region.
This is where the "theory" of Roosa Spanish roots do look more than merely plausible. The coat of arms for the Roosa family (Dutch) is three stemed roses (two over one)on a field of gold. The coat of arms for the city of Rosas Spain is three roses (two over one).
In Spanish heraldry roses were rendered more realistically
than the familiar English rose, and they were shown with stems. Additionally, Spanish heraldry followed the custom of the French in presenting trinaries (groups of objects in threes). Many Sephardic Jew coats of arms followed this same rule of trinaries, particularly in using a set of 3. One can find many examples with 3 Stars of David, 3 hats, 3 trees, and so on. And, these families continued their coats of arms even after emigrating to Holland. At least one known Sephardic coat of arms for a family by the name of Rosa is a realistically rendered stemed rose on a field of gold.
The name Heyman has two historic origins. It is a variation of "Herman", like Herman Munster (I have actually run across this name in historical sources). However, the interesting take on this name is that it is also an anglicized corruption of "Heym" or "Haym", itself an anglicization of "Chaim". Chaim is the Hebrew word for "life", and is a Hebrew name. I have encountered the name "Heym" in early 15th century tax lists alongside names like "Coen", another Hebrew name. So, it is likely that there were Dutch Jews named "Haym" who eventually became known as "Heyman".
I am not saying that either argument, the one for or against, the Roosa family being Spanish Jews lacks merit. However, while finding information that is consistent with the claim of Sephardic origins, I've found nothing refuting the idea. Taking into consideration all of this information when exmaining Abraham's claim, one can see that the story of the Roosa family's Spanish origins is not inconsistent with facts. It is even consistent with the possibility of their roots being Jewish in origin, as well as Spanish. This does nothing to prove the claim, but it does place it within a context that forces us to give the idea more serious thought.

Re: Was Heyman Roosa of Sephardic descent?

Posted: 29 Jan 2008 2:35AM GMT
Classification: Query
Oops, talk about sloppy; I typed the wrong Roosa's name from the Marteens Institute reference. It was Guert Aeldersz Roosa who made the claim of Catalon roots. This same site lists a 1738 source reference for a description of the family coat of arms.

Re: Was Heyman Roosa of Sephardic descent?

Posted: 16 Nov 2009 10:30PM GMT
Classification: Query
There many Rosa/Roosa dutch family coat of arms from the Netherlands most with roses. Go To CBG.nl website

Codering(en) volgens Muschart bij de naam Rosa
15L: Gevierendeeld: 1+4 rozen (herald.)
68D: Een plant, heester, zonnebloem, enz.
69M: Een roos (herald.)
70B: Drie rozen (herald.) 2+1
72D: Drie bloemen met stelen

Codering(en) volgens Muschart bij de naam Rosa, de
68D: Een plant, heester, zonnebloem, enz.

Naam: Rosa
Bron: Heraldische databank
Wapen: in goud een rode roos, groen geknopt en gepunt.

Naam: Rosa
Bron: Heraldische databank
Wapen: in goud een rode dubbele roos, goud geknopt.

Naam: Rosa
Bron: Heraldische databank
Wapen: in goud een rode roos.

Naam: Rosa
Bron: Heraldische databank
Wapen: in goud een rode roos, goudgeknopt en rood gepunt (7).

Naam: Rosa
Bron: Heraldische databank
Wapen: in goud een met acht rode punten, zilvergeknopte, afwisselend zilver en rood geringde roos.

Naam: Rosa
Bron: Heraldische databank
Wapen: in goud een rode roos.

Naam: Rosa
Bron: Heraldische databank
Wapen: in goud een dubbele rode roos, goud geknopt.

Naam: Rosa
Bron: Heraldische databank
Wapen: in goud een groen gepunte dubbele rode roos, goud geknopt.

Naam: Rosant
Bron: Heraldische databank
Wapen: in rood een gouden hartschild, vergezeld van drie zilveren lelies, gaffelsgewijs geplaatst met de voeten gericht naar het hartschild.

Naam: Schellart
Bron: Heraldische databank
Wapen: in zilver een zwarte leeuw, rood getongd en goud gekroond.

Naam: Spaen, van
Bron: Heraldische databank
Wapen: gevierendeeld: I en IV in zilver drie rode schuinbalken; II en III in rood tien gouden ringen (3-3-3-1).

Naam: Cooth
Bron: Heraldische databank
Wapen: doorsneden: A in groen drie gouden sterren naast elkaar; B effen zilver.

Naam: Rosa
Bron: Heraldische databank
Wapen: in goud een rode roos, zilver gepunt en geknopt.

Naam: Rosa
Bron: Heraldische collectie Muschart
Naam: Rosa, de
Bron: Heraldische collectie Muschart

Codering(en) volgens Muschart bij de naam Roosa
70D: Meer dan een roos met steel

Rosa
Wapen: in goud een rode roos.

Wapenvoerder: Rosa
Een van de vier kwartierwapens van het wapen Van de Velde.
Bron: 1

Wapenvoerder: Roosa
Bron: 2

Wapenvoerder: Rosa
Eén van de acht kwartierwapens van het wapen van juffrouw ...... Fagel, overl. 17 januari 1715, begr. in de Kloosterkerk te Den Haag.
Bron: 3


Bron 1:
CBG, GHS 50A32, J.M. de Lange, Wapenboek van veele Edele Nederlandse Families en van andere in 4 quartieren gesteld met de wapens in couleuren, deel 1, blz. 135.

Bron 2:
CBG, GHS 50A08, Collection de 2266 armoiries ... de familles nobles et patriciennes des Pays-Bas (ca. 1825), blz. 252.

Bron 3:
CBG, GHS 50A34, J.M. de Lange. Wapenboeck, familiewapens, rouwborden en grafschriften, ca. 1725, blz. 1651.


Afbeelding: Rosa03

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