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Indian reservations in Arkansas

Indian reservations in Arkansas

Posted: 8 Jan 2003 9:38PM GMT
Classification: Query
Can anyone tell me if there were any Cherokee reservations in arkansas between 1817 and 1900 if so where and if any maps exist.

Re: Indian reservations in Arkansas

Tom Ezell (View posts)
Posted: 8 Jan 2003 11:28PM GMT
Classification: Query
Arkansas has no federally-recognized Indian lands, and no reservations as such since the late 1840s or early 1850s. Most of our folks (Osage, Choctaw, Quapaw, Caddo, and a few others) moved (or were moved) westward into the Indian Territory during this time period.

Some of the Oklahoma Cherokees have looked into purchasing land in Arkansas to try and set up a "reservation" here, but so far nothing has come to pass.

Tom

Re: Indian reservations in Arkansas

cuz larry (View posts)
Posted: 8 Jan 2003 11:32PM GMT
Classification: Query
Tom, What I am looking for is before 1828 and 1800 I have seen some maps on some of the geneology sites showing NW Arkansas was a Indian Resveration..But I can not find anything else about them.

Larry

Re: Indian reservations in Arkansas

Posted: 9 Jan 2003 4:58AM GMT
Classification: Query
Edited: 26 Jan 2003 6:27AM GMT
I have been doing a little research on the history of Arkansas and the following is from my notes, hope it helps:

02 Mar 1819 – Territory of Arkansas – Establishing Act signed by President James Monroe - Boundary – Mississippi River on east; north and south straight lines laid out with a ruler, except for a northeast corner where influential citizens wanted to belong to the new State of Missouri; no western boundary was defined.

20 Oct 1820 – Choctaw had given up rights to hereditary lands in Mississippi in exchange for lands lying between the Arkansas and Red Rivers. These Choctaw lands encompassed two of the new Arkansas Territory’s seven counties and parts of two others.

1821-1825 – Choctaw lands disputed; finally Choctaw agreed to accept a line running due south from Ft. Smith to the Red River as the eastern boundary of their lands.

1818 and 1825 Treaties took away Osage title to lands of present day Benton and Washington Counties (northwest corner of Arkansas).

1824 – Quapaw signed away last of their birthright in the Arkansas Territory.

1823 – Cherokee lands were confined to an area north of the Arkansas River and by 1828 the Cherokee line had been pushed west to a line running north from Ft. Smith.
This process took away all tribal lands in the territory of present day Arkansas.

1830-1839, under military escort, thousands of Cherokee, Seminole, Choctaw, Creek and Chickasaw passed across Arkansas, following what the Cherokee called the “Trail of Tears.”

Re: Indian reservations in Arkansas

deb henson (View posts)
Posted: 11 Feb 2003 1:30PM GMT
Classification: Immigration
Surnames: Haynes, Prater, Shoemaker, McCaughan's, Bridges
According to my research in 1817, Sept. 17th, a 'Treaty' was signed between a portion of the Cherokee's and the 'Men" in Washington, giving the Land's lying between the White River in the Northern portion of the (now) State of Arkansas, and the Arkansas River in the Southern portion of the State. The Arkansas River runs thru or around Fort Smith, AR. That would have been all Lands lying between the Ozark Mountain terrain and the Ouchita Mountains. Then as usual the Treaty was broken (if I am remember correctly) in 1835 or 1838. And the Cherokees were then forced across the 'border' of Arkansas on into Indian Territory along with the many other Nations forced onto this Land, now know as Oklahoma. Fort Smith, Ar. was used at these times for the "Correctional facility" for all "crimes" committed by either Indian persons living in Indian territory and for any out-laws that were caught hiding in the Terroitory. ALL of my People (Cherokee and Muscokee Creek) lived in the SE portion of Okla in the Ouchita's. But I have now moved to Jasper, AR. in the heart of the Ozark Mountains and PURCHASED land, that to me, seems to have belonged at one time to a portion of my Ancestors. Funny how things such as this gets a turn around. But if you would write to the Chamber of Commerce in Jasper, Arkansas they maybe able to send you a map or more information on this subject.

Re: Indian reservations in Arkansas

Posted: 11 Feb 2003 7:37PM GMT
Classification: Query
Edited: 19 Jul 2004 3:38AM GMT
I wondered myself if there was ever a reservation. Had been doing a little research myself as far as the Cherokee's were concerned. From my understanding, the Trail of Tears crossed into NW Arkansas from Seligman, Mo across the Sugar Creek, and then into Gateway, Arkansas. My family background comes from a John Rogers, 2 of his sons', Anderson, and Granville, and my gggrandmother Cynthia Rogers. Then there are the Williams side, Harmon, his wife Dora Dawson. They all lived around this area, and buried in Garfield, Ark. My family owned this property until a few years ago, when my father finally sold the family farm. The Ark, Mo. line runs right through the property. On the Mo. side there are 2 ponds, and my family has found arrowheads at one of these ponds locations. I thought it was very interesting, especially when I read a book called, The Trail of Tears", and was even more floored when it mentioned a John Rogers, who has a son Granville that was murdered. I am still trying to find out if it is the same Rogers. NW Ark. is full of great history. It there was going to be a reservation, it definitly should be there.

Re: Indian reservations in Arkansas

Posted: 12 Feb 2003 2:37PM GMT
Classification: Query
Edited: 23 Feb 2003 4:59PM GMT
HI folks..
little known to most people there was a designated Cherokee and other Indian area for the 'old settlers' in Arkansas.. the line ran from just west of Russellville on the Illinois Bayou to near Batesville, AR.. if you look for what is known as the Cherokee Line on the 1836 map of Arkansas and I believe it still shows on the 1890 map.. this will give you an idea of the area it covered which was the NW corner of the fledgling state.. it never gain full recognition as a reservation other than reserved land for those who left the 'homeland' before the forced removal from the native areas of the SE.. most of the 'old settlers' of Oklahoma are from this initial group that first settled in AR.. some never moved from AR thus never showing up on any enrollment afterward... my family is of this catagory.. and this is also why there is a movement afoot to have us recognized by BIA and Dep't of Interior.. hope this helps some of you..
also another line of migration for the 'Trail of Tears' came across the southern part of Arkansas coming close to Little Rock out of Mississippi etc.. some of the old settlers were living around Perryville and Danville Arkansas before going on to Okla and Leflore County..

Re: Indian reservations in Arkansas

Virginia (View posts)
Posted: 18 Feb 2003 1:17AM GMT
Classification: Query
What you want to find are maps of the Arkansas Territory 1800s. The Territory includes parts of other states, like Alabama.

Re: Indian reservations in Arkansas

Virginia (View posts)
Posted: 6 Apr 2003 6:18AM GMT

Re: Indian reservations in Arkansas

Virginia (View posts)
Posted: 6 Apr 2003 6:21AM GMT
Classification: Query
Arkansas was once Indian Territory, along with Alabama. Check out the Cherokee Nation Website.
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