Caribbean Exiles, Huguenots, St. Domingo
My 5XGgparents had Plantations in what's now Haiti.
The Brits gave some of the Huguenots land to colonize & some was in VA and in the Caribbean; Napoleon lost his efforts to hang onto these lands at the end of the 1700's; having to sell of the French holdings to the US Gov't. Many of the French had taken spouses of the indigenous peoples in the places they found themselves, sanctioned by France, as this helped to increase Frances population growth on these lands. After France lost their rights it mostly left these colonists "homeless". My folks, barely held onto their lives and ended up in NOLA, without much to show for their years of being Plantation owners, of French royal lineage. (recall that many Huguenots were slaughtered in Paris) Marquis Louis Modeste Raison de la Geneste (have seen Jeunese, which I understand translates to the surname Young, as La Blanc, morphed to White, in some instances) Raison is Americanized as Raisin, Razin, Reason(er) etc, and I saw where some used Geneste (6 families per census) in NOLA area and showed to be the only Gunsmith (self-employed) in the US. A Raison in OH is/was a maker of guns) Anyway, some went thru Cuba and wound up in NOLA, then migrated over to KY, the Ohio, Indiana, etc and coming back around to MO, AR, TX and ending up as neighbors of old kin and in politics, etc. My Huguenots and their German (Paletine) traveling mates kept fairly close over the years. One of the dtrs of Louis Raison (the elder) Louise, married a de Chaussenelle (Dutch, it's thought) either in St Dom, or Cuba and supposedly lived in NOLA and died there. I have heard of a Modeste Plantation in St. Dom and found one listed in Donaldsonville, LaFourche, LA where they are making an old bldg into a museum. Of course, there's also Modesto, Cal, the Raisin capitol of the world, too and whether these all go together, I have no clue. I also have my Gardners, (Joseph) who married my Marie Therese Clotilde Raison, in St. Dom and who made it out to VA to be buried there, but the brother has quite a large family in the Morgan/Magoffin & Greenup Co's of KY. I kept wondering why my research keeps taking me to LA with my Huguenot bunch, when we can only establish a paper trail out of KY with most of them; so they must've hid out. Many seemed to marry into some prominent New England families, who also ended up in KY with them. The common denominator seems to be the sailing of ships in the service of England (HMS) and the subsequent moonlighting as Pirates/Privateers, which was ok with the Brits, too. I think the Jardines(Gardners) were from the ones who fled to Nova Scotia, during the Rev War, then came down into LA. Some had lost their land as expatriots, over in New England. Some of the French/Indians whod been in the Great Lakes region, also fled to Ontario and returned and/or went down the MS into NOLA. The Canadians hold some of the ones who remained, in esteem, as founders of Canada. Many don't know and/or don't really care where they came from, but I have doggedly pursued these cousins of mine, trying to fill out my tree, taking up where my Dad & G-Dad left off, without much success. Here's hoping the internet and DNA tests may help reunite us as one big happy family, one of these days in the near future!
PS...Lady Langier (Langer/Laneir etal) who's father was also a plantation owner in St. Dom & the wife of Louis Raison de la Geneste (of the Geneste region of Bordeaux, France) was widowed in St Dom and married a Phillipe Ridore/o (Rider/Ritter) prior to fleeing to NOLA in the early 1800's. Her descendants may have any of the above surnames. She and her dtr, who married the Chausenelle (sp?) died in NOLA. His full name was Pierre Antoine Fontaine/o de Chausenelle and I keep wondering if he may be related to Pete Fountain's line. I have yet to find any surname that's even close to the Dutch name of Chaussenelle. I did see a tombstone for a John Gardner in the old St Louis Cemetary, there in NOLA, also. Here's hoping that somebody will see this and it rings a bell with them. The French names are hard to track, with the de la's and the dits and such! Thanks.
Re: Caribbean Exiles, Huguenots, St. Domingo
I need to add to my posting, for the benefit of those who are looking for these surnames in connection to the Miller/Muller (Mueller?) surname. As I stated, my Joseph Garder & wife Marie TC Raison (de la Geneste) were buried in Barboursville, VA (borders Ohio) at least one of their children married into a prominent MILLER family, there, perhaps two. I saw a posting re:Miller connecting them to the Rizens etal, also...Raison morphed to that, also: Raisin/Rizen/Reason(er) etc. Also Ridder/Knight are shown to mean the same thing, which brings me questions, also as I have Knights/McKnights also and of course theres the Knight-Ridder AP News service. Ridder is Dutch. So is my de Chaussenelle who's also married into my Raison group, prior to fleeing St Dom, or in Cuba, depending on the a/c read. Also there's Modeste/Modisette I have questions on, too. This is for the ones looking for the Millers in LA who are with this group...the French/Germans (Huguenots/Palatines) were/are joined at the hip, looks like, forever & to this day, at least.