Background: I do not have a copy of Von Stauffenberg but do have a copy of Riley (2nd Edition) where I believe he has perpetuated Von Stauffenberg errors with regards to the family of Berryman Shumate and Elizabeth (also known as Eliza or Betsy Nelson). My wife is a descendant of Nancy Shumate (who is not included in the second edition of of the Riley book) and her husband Thomas C. Duval.
I currently have my wife's Shumate ancestry as follows:
Nancy Shumate b. 1804 in Virginia m. Thomas C. Duval in 1822 in Bath Co., KY. Nancy was the daughter of:
Berryman Shumate (Riley numbering: 2F4-A) his wife Elizabeth (Betsy) Nelson. Berryman, the son of:
Taliaferro Shumate (Riley numbering: 2F4) and Frances Pitt (Stallard). Taliaferro the son of:
John Shumate and Winifred Oxford. John the son of:
John Shumate (the immigrant) and Judith Bailey
I will provide references and insert my comments in brackets as [Note:]
1. Reference: PORTRAIT & BIOGRAPHICAL ALBUM OF SANGAMON COUNTY, ILLINOIS published by Chapman Brothers, Chicago, IL in 1891.
[Note: although I am somewhat skeptical of county histories, sometimes they are the best starting point available. This reference was written while William Shumate was still alive which may give some additional credibility to the information presented.]
WILLIAM SHUMATE, who resides on section 28, Gardner Township, has for fifty-six years been a resident of Sangamon County.
Widely known throughout the community he has made many friends who will be glad to read this sketch of his life work in the history of his adopted county.
His father, Berryman Shumate, was born in Fauquier County, Va., and made farming his life occupation.
[Note: identifies William's father as Berryman Shumate]
He served in the War of 1812, and at the close of that struggle in 1814 started westward, proceeding by wagon to Wheeling, W. Va., whence he made his way down the Ohio River to Kentucky.
[Note: This conflicts with Riley who indicates that Berryman did not serve in the War of 1812. Not important but it is now a matter of curiosity.]
He had not long been a resident of that State when he went to Garrard County, where he was stricken with yellow fever and died, leaving six small children to the care of the widowed mother.
[Note: Another conflict with Riley who indicates that Berryman went to Tennessee.]
Her maiden name was Eliza Nelson, and she was also a native of Fauquier County, Va. She faithfully cared for her children, providing for their wants and working for their interests, and at length died in 1882 while at a cousin's farm.
[Note: date of Eliza's death is very questionable and suspect a typo, I believe Elizabeth Nelson died about 1823.]
The children of the family were Polly, who died in Kentucky at the age of eighteen years; Nancy, who became the wife of Thomas Duvale and died in Knox County; Mrs. Eliza Rice, who died in Kansas; Lydia, wife of George Trimble, died in Sangamon County, Ill.; William, of this sketch; and Hiram, who died while crossing the plains to California in 1851.
[Note: This indicates that Berryman Shumate and Elizabeth Nelson had six children: William, Polly, Nancy, Eliza, Lydia, and Hiram. The husband of Nancy Shumate, â€œThomas Duvaleâ€ is â€œThomas Carter Duvalâ€. Information from his biography will be added later. I also have information on some of the other descendants.]
Our subject (William Shumate) was born in Fauquier County, Va., near Dumfries, in a hewed log house, the date being August 3, 1810. When a lad of four summers he was taken by his parents to Kentucky. Being left an orphan at the age of twelve years he went to live with Billy Bridges, with whom he remained until about 1830.
[Note: If accurate, this would indicate that Berryman Shumate died about 1822.]
In 1835, in Kentucky, Mr. Shumate was united in marriage with Miss Matilda Bridges, a native of that State, and a daughter of James Bridges, who was born in Virginia. After four or five years residence in Kentucky Mr. Shumate and his family removed to Illinois. Mr. Shumate was a second time married on the 20th of December, 1847, in Greene County, Ill., the lady of his choice being Miss Mary Kincaid, daughter of William T. Kincaid who was born in Carlisle County, Pa. Mr. Shumate is a representative of the honored pioneers of Sangamon County, where for more than half a century he has made his home. Only two of his old neighbors of those early days are yet living. He has witnessed the growth of the county, has aided not a little in its development, and manifested an interest in its enterprises. He takes a deep interest in educational matters and has served as School Director. In political sentiment he was a Democrat until the firing upon of Ft. Sumter and seeing that the South was resolved on carrying out its plans if possible, he joined the ranks of the new Republican party with which he has since affiliated. He became one of its stanch supporters and was a warm friend of President Lincoln, whom he has often seen at his home in this county.
[Note:I find the President Lincon note very questionable unless it refers to prior to Lincoln's election. My research indicates that President Lincoln never returned to Illinois while still alive.]
p. 403 of this reference has a biography of George Trimble (husband of Lydia Shumate).
This biography states â€œA year after his arrival in this State he returned to Kentucky on horseback and was married to Miss Lydia Shumate, who was born in Bath County to Daniel and Mrs. Shumate. Further information regarding her ancestors will be found in the sketch of William Shumate on another page of this album.â€
[Note: I have another reference that indicates Lydia was born in 1815 in Montgomery Co., KY. Also note that this reference indicates â€œDaniel Shumateâ€. My assumption is that Berryman Shumate was Berryman Daniel Shumate or Daniel Berryman Shumate. Either way, this is a reference indicating â€œDanielâ€.]
2. Obituary (Galesburg's Weekly Republican-Register, March 24, 1888,)
Mrs. T. C. Duval, who died in Wataga on Thursday, from injuries sustained in a fall six weeks before, was widely known through Sparta and adjacent townships, not only on her own account, but through her husband, who is a wealthy and representative citizen. She was a Kentuckian by birth and was married in that State in 1822 to Mr. Duval. They came to Knox county in 1834 and so rank as among the oldest of the old settlers. She had reached the ripe age of 84 years when the summons calling her home came. She was an esteemed member of the Christian church. Of her family of three boys and six girls, all save two of the sons are living. The obsequies will be held in the Congregational church of Wataga at 10:30 o'clock Sunday morning.
[Note: Mrs. T.C. Duval is Nancy Shumate. The only conflict in this reference is the indication that she was born in Kentucky.]
2. Reference: "The Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois and Knox County", published by Munsell Publishing in 1899 page 838 has a section on Thomas Carter Duval which reads
â€œThomas Carter Duval, son of James and Judith (Jennings) Duval, was born in Bath County, Kentucky, February 28, 1802. He was married in Bath County, April 2, 1822 to Nancy Shumate, who was born in Virginia August 19th, 1804, and died in Wataga, March 2, 1888."
[Note: A different reference indicates Thomas Carter Duval was born in Virginia. The preceding reference also lists the children of Thomas Carter Duval and Nancy Shumate including my wifeâ€™s great-great grandfather, William Duval, as well as a son named "Barryman".
Jim Burgess (a Fauquier County ,VA researcher) has the following at:http://gedcom.surnames.com/burgess_jim/np149.htm#iin7740
6. JOHN SHUMATE was born about 1740 Prince William Co., VA, and died about 1814. He married 1) Winifred Oxford about 1760 and 2) Susannah Crump on 2 February 1775 Fauquier Co., VA. John left a will and named his wife and children. (Fauquier Co. WB 2, p. 47-48 ). His children:
6.1 Armistead Shumate was born 4 October 1761 Fauquier Co., VA, and died possible SC or GA.
6.2 Berryman Shumate was born 21 November 1762 and died December 1802 Spartanburg, SC.
6.3 Mason Shumate was born about 1764 Fauquier Co., VA and died 28 June 1849 DeKalb Co., GA.
6.4 Taliaferro Shumate was born 11 August 1766 Fauquier Co., VA, and died 1834 Fauquier Co., VA.
6.5 Sarah Shumate was born about 1768 Fauquier Co., VA.
6.6 Lydia Shumate was born about 1760 Fauquier Co., VA.
6.7 John Shumate was born about 1777 Fauquier Co., VA, and died about 1811 Fauquier Co., VA.
6.8 Joseph Shumate was born about 1779 Fauquier Co., VA, and died 1839-1846 Fauquier Co., VA.
6.9 Lucy Shumate was born about 1781 Fauquier Co., VA.
6.10 Elizabeth Shumate was born about 1783 Fauquier Co., VA.
6.11 Celia Shumate was born about 1784 Fauquier Co., VA.
6.12 Susanna Shumate was born about 1786 Fauquier Co., VA.
[Note: This site shows another Berryman, son of John Shumate and Winifred Oxford but not the Berryman Shumate who married Elizabeth Nelson. This provides additional credibility that Riley has Berryman (married to Elizabeth Nelson) correct as the son of Taliaferro rather than a son of John and Susannah Crump as other websites indicate.]
3. Reference: Robert S. Rileyâ€™s book â€œHistory of the Shumate Family Kentucky Pioneers, Second Editionâ€ from 2001.
[Note: I see Rileyâ€™s book as a major effort to correct previous mistakes in Theodor-Friedrich von Stauffenbergâ€™s â€œThe Shumate Family, A Genealogyâ€. Riley quotes von Stauffenberg numerous times in his work. In any event, as far as Berryman Shumate and Elizabeth Nelson are concerned, I suspect Riley did not have the above information.]
Woking backwards from Riley's book.
Riley p. 164
"The issue (i.e., sixth generation) of Berryman Shumate and his wife Betsy (Nelson) as identified by T.F. von Stauffenberg in his book were as follows.
2F4-A-1. Willis L. Shumate
2F4-A-2. Berryman Shumate
2F4-A-F1 Margaret (Peggy) Shumate"
[Note: Willis L Shumate might be William Shumate (but not likely) referenced in the Sangamon County book above but his wife does not match nor do I see where Berryman and Margaret (Peggy) fit; I believe von Stauffenberg was in error and that Riley is perpetuating the error. I currently put more credence in the Illinois, Sangamon Co., Knox Co. histories and the six children listed.]
Riley p. 163
"2F4 Issue of Taliaferro Shumate AND Frances Pitt (Stallard), his wife.
Berryman Shumate . The writer believes he was born in November 1784 in Fauquier County, Virginia and died in 1822 at the relatively young age of 38 in Davidson or Williamson County, Tennessee. Berryman married in 1802, on 23 January, Betsey Nelson."
[Note: Interested in how Riley arrived at a death in Tennessee. Everything else indicates Berryman was in Kentucky.]
Riley provides an indication that Berryman was still in Virginia in 1810 and continues:
"Why he did not serve in the War of 1812 is not known, but it is fairly certain that he, alone of the two elder brothers, did not. Since he was dead before his father, ir can be assumed he died sometime around 1822".
[Note: The Sangamon County information matches Riley's work in Berryman still being in Virginia in 1810.]
[Note: I would like the information that supports the certainty that Berryman did not serve in the War of 1812.]
[Note: If the Sangamon County biography of William Shumate is correct, Riley did well in estimating Berrymanâ€™s death as about 1822.]
He had a least two sons and one daughter; both boys went with their father to Tennessee where they married later, and one of the sons Willis L. Shumate, with his wife and sister, returned to Culpeper County in or about 1822. [Riley has Willis married to Sally Felts, Berryman, Jr. married to Lucy Tarpley, and Margaret (Peggy) married to William Dolloway.
[Note: based on the Illinois references, I believe that von Stauffenberg had mis-assigned these children to Berryman Shumate and Elizabeth Nelson.]
Riley starting on page 104 has considerable information on Taliaferro Shumate and his wife Frances Pitt (Stallard).
[Note: Good work that clarifies Taliaferro's family]
Riley on page 68 refers to a letter received from Miss M. E. Barbour indicating the possibilty that Betsey Nelson was a daughter of John Nelson and Lettice (Shumate) but Riley discounts that possibility.
[Note: I have the parents of Elizabeth Nelson unknown (and one of my "brickwalls") but have not eliminated Miss Barbour's premise. I would be interested to learn why Riley has unequivically stated on p.69 "but Betsey Nelson, wife of Berryman Shumate was the daughter of another branch of the Nelson family."
I know there is conflicting information on this family. I would be more than pleased to answers questions or clarifications to what I have written here. Copies of these references are available.
Any comments would be appreciated. I also would be happy to receive other references that confirm (or conflict with) these references. Feel free to email me directly at miata93 (at) cox.net