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Robert Cushman

Robert Cushman

Posted: 12 Nov 2003 2:12AM GMT
Classification: Query
Robert Cushman (who came on the Fortune) married my 10th or 11th great grandmother Mary Allerton who came on the Mayflower with her family. My line goes through the Waterman's who came to CT in 1742.

Re: Robert Cushman

tom langley (View posts)
Posted: 13 Mar 2004 1:59AM GMT
Classification: Query
polly,
my ancestry goes through thomas and mary (allerton) cushman too. they were my 10th great grandparents on y mothers side through their last son eleazer cushman

Re: Robert Cushman

tom langley (View posts)
Posted: 13 Mar 2004 2:02AM GMT
Classification: Query
polly,
robert cushman's son thomas cushman married issac allerton's daughter mary in plymouth, ma in 1635. thomas was in the plymouth colony before his father robert was, and stayed with his mother sara(reder) in i beleive william brewster's care.

Re: Robert Cushman

Posted: 20 Apr 2004 3:43AM GMT
Classification: Query
Edited: 19 May 2004 1:35PM GMT
my line goes through Eleazer to James to Jonathan

Re: Robert Cushman

David Roth (View posts)
Posted: 25 Jul 2004 1:30AM GMT
Classification: Query
Robert Cushman arrived with his son Thomas on the Fortune. Robert returned on the Forture to England where he died about 1625. Thomas Cushman married Mary Allerton. This is well documented in Saints and Strangers by George W. Willison.

Re: Robert Cushman

David Roth (View posts)
Posted: 25 Jul 2004 1:45AM GMT
Classification: Query
Robert and his Thomas arrived on the Fortune together. Mary Reder had died and Robert had married Mary clarke Sigleton in 1617. She did not come over on the Fortune. Robert returned to England leaving Thomas, age 14 at the time, in William Bradford's care. When Robert died in England in 1625, William Bradford adopted Thomas.

Re: Robert Cushman

Posted: 11 May 2005 6:18PM GMT
Classification: Query
This is the information I found at NEGHS too. My line is Robert-Thomas and Abigail Fuller, Benjamin and Sarah Eaton, Thomas and Anna Chipman(died durring small pox epidemic), Bartholomew and Lydia Fuller, Job and Keziah unknown, George and Clarrisa French, Horace and Sophia Harris Crawford, Frederick and Viola Needham, Verna Lenore and Frank Davis Graham(my great grandparents)

Re: Robert Cushman

David Roth (View posts)
Posted: 12 May 2005 5:26AM GMT
Classification: Query
Surnames: Robert Cushman
Kim,
I can help you out with the top end. We split after Benjamin Cushman and Sarah Eaton. But this is the best part. Let me know if this helps out.
Dave

Descendants of Alexander Carpenter


Generation No. 1

1. ALEXANDER1 CARPENTER was born 1546 in Wrington, Somerset, England. He married PRISCILLA "DRUCILLA" DILLON. She was born 1552 in Wrington, Somerset, England.

Notes for ALEXANDER CARPENTER:
Alexander Carpenter and his three brothers James, Richard and William were religious dissenters. Their lineage has been traced back to the 1300s, where an ancestral grandfather, John Carpenter, was a member of Parliament.

Alexander Carpenter was a member of the Scrooby Group in England and in1607 became a member of the Scrooby Group attending secret meetings held at the old manor house beside the Ryton River. The meetings were headed up by William Brewster, then age 41, a graduate of Cambridge College, Rev. John Robinson, age 31, a graduate of Cambridge and Corpus Christi College, Rev. Richard Clyfton, age 43, a graduate of Cambridge and Corpus Christi College, and William Bradford, age 18, a son of a prosperous farmer. Of the Elders, only William Brewster would make it to the new world.

As the group fled from the tyranny of the English Church and Government, much of their wealth was taken from them and many thrown in jail. Alexander Carpenter sold his home in Wrington, England near Bath, lost most of the money but still took his family to Amsterdam, Holland. Of the 70 some Scrooby member, only about 15 were able to make it to Holland.

Arriving in Holland, for comfort and aid, at least in the beginning, the small Scrooby Group joined a much larger group from London called the Brethren of the Separation of the First English Church at Amsterdam, better known as the Ancient Brethren. Rev. Thomas White was a member of the Brethren coming over to Holland in 1604 from the West side of England. Descension and difference of opinion on how to baptize divided groups away from the main group. The Scrooby Group was one of these.

In 1611 they moved their group to Leiden (Layden or Leyden) where they bought a house that was known as the Groenepoort, or Green Gate. In the back of the house were built many smaller houses to shelter the poorer members of the congregation. The Rev. Robinson moved his family in the house and it was used as the assembly house where he conducted services three times a week.

The group became known as the "Green Gate" Assembly. Times were tough on the English group and many died. Carpenter was especially favored because of the large number of daughters he had. During these years there was much marrying in the congregation, both among the young and the somewhat older. Death struck often at the Green Gate, and almost without exception widows and widowers manifested an eager desire to exchange their single blessedness for the conveniences, comforts, and innocent pleasures of marriage.

So far as women were concerned, this is not so difficult to understand, for at a time when all employment but domestic service was closed to them, the lot of a poor widow in a strange land was a hard and bitter one at best. As the choice of mates was narrow and largely restricted to the congregation, it was not long before most families were interrelated, one of the roots of the clannish spirit that so often bedeviled affairs at the Plymouth Colony.

Not much is said of Carpenter's wife, Priscilla Dillen. Alexander's daughter Agnes, wife of Dr. Samuel Fuller of the Mayflower, died in 1617 as a young woman in Leyden. His daughters Juliana and Alice went to Plymouth on the ANNE in 1623. Juliana was the wife of George Morton. Alice married Edward Southworth, who died in England in 1620, then upon reaching Plymouth, became the wife of Governor William Bradford. Daughter Mary remained in England, unmarried. She joined the family in Plymouth upon hearing the news of her mother's death. Priscilla, the youngest, came to Plymouth later and became the wife of William Wright, then John Cooper.

Alexander wanted very much to come to the new world but he unexpectedly died in 1612. Most of his daughters married men who came to Plymouth. And most remarried when their husbands died. The name "Alexander Carpenter of Wrington" is noted on historical documents in Amsterdam.

Notable descendants of Alexander Carpenter are:
1590 - Alice Carpenter Southworth Bradford, Pilgrim who arrived in Plymouth on the Anne in 1623.
1816 - Charlotte Saunders Cushman, First Actress to be elected to the Actors Hall of Fame.
1822 - Susan Webb Cushman, Actress who played opposite her sister Charlotte.

Children of ALEXANDER CARPENTER and PRISCILLA DILLON are:
2. i. JULIANNA2 CARPENTER, b. March 17, 1583/84, Wrington, Somerset, England; d. February 18, 1684/85, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
ii. AGNES CARPENTER, b. 1585, England; d. 1616, Leiden, Holland; m. SAMUEL FULLER, 1609, Leiden, Holland; b. January 20, 1579/80, Redenhall Parrish, Norfolk, England; d. September 26, 1633, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.

Notes for SAMUEL FULLER:
Samuel Fuller was the Deacon and Leader of the Ancient Brethren at The Green Gate, Leyden, Netherlands. He was brought up to be a butcher by his father, which in time, lead to him cutting and bleeding many of his people in the name of God. In 1716, his second wife, Agnes died, and he married Bridget Lee. He did not, however, bring her to America on the Mayflower. Though the Mayflower had a ship's Doctor, the Pilgrims preferred Deacon Fuller's attention.

Samuel Fuller, at age 40, arrived in the New World on the "Mayflower" in1620, landing at Cape Cod. He was the most knowledgeable one in Plymouth who knew about medicine and became the Colony's "physition" who brought" a great help and comforte unto them". When his brother Edward and his brother's wife Ann died, the Deacon Fuller took in their son, his nephew Samuel, and raised him as his own. Additionally, he assisted their other son Matthew with money to complete his education and establish himself in the world.

His wife Bridget (Lee) Fuller arrived on the "Anne" in 1623. Their garden was notable with a wide variety of herbs, useful for physic and medical preparation. In 1628, John Endicott appealed to Plymouth for help, having heard that someone there had "skill in scurvy and infectious desieses". Deacon-Doctor Fuller was sent to Salem where he not only tended the ailing bodies but the troubled souls of his patients. At the end of his stay, he had converted the Puritans over and they became Separatist, not only of the Church of England but it's political "corruptions". Again, in 1630, at the request of Cotten Mather, the Deacon-Docter healed and converted many of those in Boston. How good a Doctor Samuel was, depended on who was doing the talking. Those that died, said nothing, those that didn't die, were grateful.

Samuel died during an outbreak of plague (smallpox) in 1633.

iii. NATHANIEL CARPENTER, b. 1589, Wrinton, Somerset, England.
3. iv. ALICE CARPENTER, b. December 16, 1593, Wrington, Somerset, England; d. March 26, 1670, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
v. MARY CARPENTER, b. 1595, Wrinton, Somerset, England; d. March 19, 1686/87, England.
4. vi. PRISCILLA "DILLE" CARPENTER, b. 1598, Layden, Holland; d. December 29, 1689, Duxbury, Plymouth, MA.
vii. WILLIAM CARPENTER, b. May 23, 1605, Wilshire, England; m. ABIGAIL SEARLES; b. 1616, England.
5. viii. WILLIAM CARPENTER, b. May 23, 1605, Cobham, England.


Generation No. 2

2. JULIANNA2 CARPENTER (ALEXANDER1) was born March 17, 1583/84 in Wrington, Somerset, England, and died February 18, 1684/85 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. She married (1) GEORGE MORTON July 23, 1612 in Leyden, Holland. He was born August 02, 1585 in Bantry, Nottinghamshire, England, and died August 12, 1625 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. She married (2) MENASSAH KEMPTON 1627 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. He was born Abt. 1581.

Notes for GEORGE MORTON:
George Morton was a merchant at York, England before coming to Layden. George and his brother Thomas were sons of a well-to-do Roman Catholic family at Harworth, England, a few miles up the Ryton from Scrooby. George married Julianna Carpenter, sister to Deacon Samuel Fuller's wife, Agnes Carpenter.
Both George and his brother converted over to the Calvenistic Order in Layden.

Children of JULIANNA CARPENTER and GEORGE MORTON are:
i. GEORGE3 MORTON, b. 1613, Leiden, Holland.
ii. PATIENCE MORTON, b. 1615, Leidon, So. Holland, Netherlands; m. JOHN FAUNCE, 1634, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA; b. Abt. 1613.
6. iii. JOHN MORTON, b. 1616, Leiden, So. Holland, Netherlands; d. Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
7. iv. SARAH MORTON, b. 1618, Leiden, Holland; d. August 25, 1691, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
8. v. EPHRIAM MORTON, b. 1623, On the Ship Anne between Southampton, England and Plymouth, MA; d. October 06, 1693, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
vi. THOMAS MORTON, b. 1625; m. LYDIA COOPER; b. 1617, England; d. November 29, 1654.
vii. NATHANIEL MORTON, b. 1614, Leiden, Holland; d. 1685; m. LYDIA COOPER; b. 1617, England; d. November 29, 1654.


3. ALICE2 CARPENTER (ALEXANDER1) was born December 16, 1593 in Wrington, Somerset, England, and died March 26, 1670 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. She married (1) EDWARD SOUTHWORTH May 28, 1613 in Leiden, Zuid, Holland. He was born 1590 in Wrington, Somerset, England, and died Bef. 1620 in Duke's Place, London, England. She married (2) WILLIAM BRADFORD 1624 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. He was born March 19, 1588/89 in England, and died 1657 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.

4. PRISCILLA "DILLE"2 CARPENTER (ALEXANDER1) was born 1598 in Layden, Holland, and died December 29, 1689 in Duxbury, Plymouth, MA. She married (1) WILLIAM WRIGHT Abt. 1616. He was born Abt. 1573, and died Abt. 1633. She married (2) JOHN COOPER November 27, 1634 in Barnstable, MA, son of COOPER and LYDIA. He was born 1591 in England, and died 1683 in Barnstable, Barnstable, MA.

Notes for WILLIAM WRIGHT:
William came over on the Fortune in 1621.

Child of PRISCILLA CARPENTER and JOHN COOPER is:
12. i. ANN3 COOPER, b. 1625, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA; d. September 01, 1691, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.


5. WILLIAM2 CARPENTER (ALEXANDER1) was born May 23, 1605 in Cobham, England. He married (1) ABIGAIL SEARLES. She was born 1616 in England. He married (2) ELIZABETH ARNOLD November 01, 1635 in Amesbury, Wiltshire, England, daughter of WILLIAM ARNOLD and CHRISTINA PEAKE. She was born November 23, 1611 in Ilchester, Somerset, England, and died in Oyster Bay, Long Island, NY.

Child of WILLIAM CARPENTER and ABIGAIL SEARLES is:
13. i. ABIGAIL3 CARPENTER, b. April 09, 1643, Weymouth, Dorset, England.


Child of WILLIAM CARPENTER and ELIZABETH ARNOLD is:
ii. WILLIAM3 CARPENTER, b. Abt. 1636.


Generation No. 3


11. WILLIAM3 BRADFORD (ALICE2 CARPENTER, ALEXANDER1) was born 1624 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. He married (1) ALICE RICHARDS Abt. 1650 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. She was born Abt. 1630. He married (2) MARY FITCH Abt. 1674 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. She was born Abt. 1634. He married (3) MARY (WOOD) ATWOOD December 24, 1675 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, daughter of JOHN ATWOOD and ANN. She was born Abt. 1641 in Duxbury, Plymouth, MA.

13. ABIGAIL3 CARPENTER (WILLIAM2, ALEXANDER1) was born April 09, 1643 in Weymouth, Dorset, England. She married JOHN TITUS. He was born December 18, 1627 in St. Katherine's, London, Middlesex, England.

Child of ABIGAIL CARPENTER and JOHN TITUS is:
20. i. ABIGAIL4 TITUS, b. February 18, 1652/53, Rehoboth, MA; d. May 31, 1734, Attleboro, MA.


Generation No. 4


20. ABIGAIL4 TITUS (ABIGAIL3 CARPENTER, WILLIAM2, ALEXANDER1) was born February 18, 1652/53 in Rehoboth, MA, and died May 31, 1734 in Attleboro, MA. She married (1) JOHN FULLER Abt. 1670, son of CAPT. FULLER and FRANCES LYDE. He was born 1641 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. She married (2) THOMAS CUSHMAN (HWC-3) October 16, 1679 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, son of THOMAS CUSHMAN and MARY ALLERTON. He was born September 16, 1637 in Scituate, Plymouth, MA, and died August 23, 1726 in Scituate, Plymouth, MA.

Notes for ABIGAIL TITUS:
Abigail was the widow of John Fuller. Her maiden name was TITUS. She was a widow, having been married to John FULLER. She became Thomas Cushman's second wife. They were members of the Church at Plympton. Thomas lived on the west side of the highway that leads from the Plympton Meeting House to the north part of the town, and "Colchester Brook" ran through his farm, which contained a large quantity of land.

Notes for THOMAS CUSHMAN (HWC-3):
Thomas Cushman and his second wife, Abigail Titus Fuller, were members of the Church of Plympton. He lived on the west side of the highway that leads from Plympton meeting house to the north part of the town. Colchester Brook ran through his farm, which contained a large quantity of land.

Children of ABIGAIL TITUS and THOMAS CUSHMAN are:
i. SAMUEL5 CUSHMAN (HWC-14), b. Abt. 1680, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
ii. BARTHOLOMEW CUSHMAN, b. Abt. 1684, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
30. iii. BENJAMIN CUSHMAN, b. March 01, 1690/91, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA; d. October 17, 1770, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
iv. ISAAC CUSHMAN (HWC-16), b. Abt. 1692.
v. REBEKAH CUSHMAN (HWC-17), b. Abt. 1694.


Generation No. 5

30. BENJAMIN5 CUSHMAN (ABIGAIL4 TITUS, ABIGAIL3 CARPENTER, WILLIAM2, ALEXANDER1) was born March 01, 1690/91 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, and died October 17, 1770 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. He married (1) SARAH EATON January 08, 1711/12. She was born 1691 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. He married (2) SARAH BELL March 14, 1738/39 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. She was born Abt. 1708.

Children of BENJAMIN CUSHMAN and SARAH EATON are:
42. i. JEBEZ6 CUSHMAN (HWC-51), b. August 11, 1713.
43. ii. CALEB CUSHMAN (HWC-52), b. 1715.
44. iii. SOLOMON CUSHMAN (HWC-53), b. September 09, 1717, Plympton, Plymouth, MA.
iv. JERUSHA CUSHMAN (HWC-54), b. Abt. 1719.
45. v. BENJAMIN CUSHMAN (HWC-55), b. 1722.
vi. SARAH CUSHMAN (HWC-56), b. Abt. 1726.
vii. ABIGAIL CUSHMAN (HWC-57), b. Abt. 1728; m. ZABDIEL SAMPSON; b. Abt. 1726.
viii. JERUSHA CUSHMAN (HWC-59), b. Abt. 1730; m. GEORGE STERTEVANT; b. Abt. 1728.
ix. THOMAS CUSHMAN (HWC-58), b. Abt. 1732; m. ANNA CHIPMAN.
x. HULDAH CUSHMAN (HWC-60), b. Abt. 1734; m. DAVID FEARING; b. Abt. 1732.




Descendants of Thomas Cushman


Generation No. 1

1. THOMAS1 CUSHMAN was born Abt. 1556 in England, and died in England. He married ELINOR HUBBARD Abt. 1577 in England. She was born Abt. 1558 in England, and died in England.

Child of THOMAS CUSHMAN and ELINOR HUBBARD is:
2. i. ROBERT2 CUSHMAN (HWC-1), b. February 09, 1577/78, Rolvenden, Kent, England; d. 1625, England.


Generation No. 2

2. ROBERT2 CUSHMAN (HWC-1) (THOMAS1) was born February 09, 1577/78 in Rolvenden, Kent, England, and died 1625 in England. He married (1) SARAH REDER 1606 in Cantebury, England. She was born Abt. 1587 in Canterbury, Kent, England, and died 1616 in Leiden, Holland. He married (2) MARY SINGLETON June 03, 1617 in Leiden, South Holland, Netherlands. She was born Abt. 1597 in Sandwich, Kent, England.

Notes for ROBERT CUSHMAN (HWC-1):
Rev. Robert CUSHMAN was born before 9 Feb 1577 in Rolveden, Kent, England. Robert was baptized there on 9 Feb 1577.

Robert Cushman was a man of some education and better off than most. A wool comber by trade from Canterbury, England, he was a dissident Ancient Brethren who had quite the Johnson Reform Church in disgust. Robert was one an apprentice to George Masters, and was excommunicated from St. Andrews Church in Canterbury after saying that going to that church could not edify him. He was then received back in the church in 1605, the same year he became a freeman of Canterbury, being described as a grocer.

Robert Cushman was an ally of John Carver and aided the pilgrims in their exodus from England, joining them in Leyden, Holland, after they had been there several years. He joined the Green Gate group in Leiden, Holland and was named Deacon. He purchased a small house in 1611 close to the Green Gate House. The following year he purchased a larger house and brought his family from England to Holland. In 1616 he lost his wife and one of two children, being left with one son, Thomas, who was destine in time to succeed William Brewster as ruling elder.

Robert found himself another wife, the widow of a Canterbury shoemaker, Mary Singleton, of Sanwich, England. Leaving his wife and nine year old son in the care of the future Governor of Plymouth, William Bradford, he departed a month or two later for England where he remained almost continuously for three years on a very difficult and harassing assignment.

Robert had become a leader in the community and advocated their settlement in America, could they obtain from the King a promise of liberty of conscience in their new home. He and John Carver were chosen by their fellow Separatists to go to England to negotiate for a patent to go to America. They left for London in 1617 but the king refused a charter under his seal. However, he gave his promise not to molest them.

He went to England again, with the Elder, William Brewster, in 1619, when the King finally granted them a charter and toleration for their form of religion as long as they should remain faithful subjects. At the same time, they contracted with the London merchant adventurers for vessels, and soon after Cushman visited London again with Carver. He collected funds, made purchases and chartered the Mayflower and Speedwell, which Carver fitted out at Southampton. Cushman was the Governor of the Speedwell and Carver was the Governor of the Mayflower.

Cushman with his family embarked in the Speedwell on August 5, 1620, and the two vessels began the voyage. The Speedwell started to leak and both ships returned to port. This happened three times before the Mayflower sailed on alone. It was later found that the crew of the Speedwell had intentionally caused the leakage to get out of a requirement for them to stay in the new world and work for one year.

He published in London (early 1621) a pamphlet on "Emigration to America," in which he urged the advantages of the new country. In July, 1621, Robert sailed on the Fortune, taking with him his only son, Thomas, who was by then 14 years of age. The ship Fortune arrived at Plymouth on November 21, 1621, just a few weeks after the first Thanksgiving. Informed by Governor Bradford that many wanted a division and privet ownership of land, Robert preached his first, and only sermon in America, December 6, 1621, on "Sin and Danger of Self-Love." (See below.)

With the death of Deacon Carver, Deacon Cushman became the Chief negotiator for the Colony. He returned to England on the Fortune on December 13, 1621. On the voyage home, he was captured by the French, plundered, and taken to France. After two weeks, he and the Fortune were released and Robert returned to England to act as the financial agent of the settlers.

In 1622 Robert printed in London his first sermon preached in America, December 6, 1621, on "Sin and Danger of Self-Love." This sermon was reprinted in Boston in 1724, in1780, and in 1785. In 1622, he published an eloquent vindication of the colonial enterprise and an appeal for missions for the North American Indians. In 1623, he obtained (in connection with Edward Winslow, then 27, who had arrived in England on the Anne's return from Plymouth) a grant of the territory of Cape Ann from Lord Sheffield. This grant was given at the same time the grant for the Massachusetts Bay Colony was given to John Winthrop.

At the age of 48, Robert unexpectedly died in London, Middlesex, England on 16 Feb1625 before having the chance to return to Plymouth.

The Fortune's passenger list is based on the 1623 Division of Land, and by the information found in Eugene Aubrey Stratton's Plymouth Colony: Its History and Its People, 1620-1691.

Notable descendants of Robert Cushman, Pilgrim who arrived in Plymouth on the Fortune in 1621 are:
1608 - Thomas Cushman, Pilgrim who arrived in Plymouth on the Fortune in1621;
1616 - Mary Allerton, Pilgrim, daughter of Pilgrims 1586 Isaac and 1588 Mary Morris Allerton, who all arrived in Plymouth on the Mayflower in1620. Mary, at 90 years of age, was the last surviving member of the Mayflower passengers. She died in 1699 out last John Cooke who died in1695;
1741 - Elkanah Cushman, a Royalist who moved to Halifax, one of seven founders of the "Old Colony Club, "fore runner to the present "Pilgrim Society" at Plymouth, MA;
1816 - Charlotte Saunders Cushman, First Actress to be elected to the Actors Hall of Fame;
1822 - Susan Webb Cushman, Actress who played opposite her sister Charlotte;
1882 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States;
1884 - Anne Eleanor Roosevelt, United Nations Human Right Ambassador.

Robert Cushman's Visit to America.

The Pilgrims at Plymouth colony were afraid. An Indian had just reported a white sail off Cape Cod. Was this a French raider from Canada? Miles Standish armed the men and they prepared to meet any assault. Great was their relief when the ship turned out to be the Fortune, an English vessel bringing more colonists. While many of the newcomers were not Pilgrims, one of the men who disembarked from the boat had been a leader in Leyden, the Dutch city where the Puritans previously lived in exile. This was the Deacon Robert Cushman.

Robert had come to straighten out affairs in the colony. The adventurer's, the men who had put up the money to finance the settlement were angry that the ship Mayflower had been kept so long by the Pilgrims--and then sent home empty. The colonists might well have loaded it with timber at least! The company wanted a return on their investments. And they wanted some amended articles signed, also.

At Plymouth, settlers were sick of the company policy of share-and-share-alike. Some demanded that the land be parceled as in private chunks. Robert warned them strongly against this kind of talk, and said their backers were in no mood to be trifled with. If the colonists hoped for future supplies, they must agree to company terms.

Oddly enough, Deacon Fuller agreed with the majority for private land ownership. Deacon Cushman though, was the negotiator and knew the company would not go along with it. To settle the jealousies and animosities among the settlers, Robert preached a sermon on this day, December 9, 1621. It was to be his only sermon on American soil.

It was titled, "A Sermon Preached at Plimmoth in New England, December 9, 1621 in an Assemblie of his Majesties faithful Subjects, there inhabiting. Wherein is shewed the danger of selfe love, and the sweetnesse of true Friendship. Together with a Preface, shewing the state of the Country, and Condition of the Savages."

Robert quoted "Paul's words to the quarreling Corinthians" as an example for the disgruntled settlers. Let no man seek his own, but every man another's wealth (1 Corinthians 10:24).

"The occasion of these words of the Apostle Paul, was because of the abuses which were in the Church of Corinth. Which abuses arose chiefly through swelling pride, self-love and conceitedness.."

"...it is lawful sometimes for men to gather wealth, and grow rich, even as there was a time for Joseph to store up corn, but a godly and sincere Christian will see when this time is, and will not hoard up when he seeth others of his brethren and associates to want, but then is a time, if he have anything to fetch out and disperse it.."

"...you must seek still the wealth of one another.." he reminded them and pointed out that it was in their self interest to do so, for, "Even as we deal with others, ourselves and others shall be dealt withal.. for it is the merciful that shall obtain mercy.."

The settlers listened to Robert. Not only did they sign the despised articles, but they filled the Fortune with wood and furs and Robert Cushman sailed for England.

The Division of Land in 1627 ended the communist oriented colony and brought forth private ownership.


Child of ROBERT CUSHMAN and SARAH REDER is:
3. i. HWC-2 THOMAS3 CUSHMAN, b. February 08, 1607/08, Canterbury, Kent, England; d. December 11, 1691, New Haven, New Haven Co., CT.


Generation No. 3

3. HWC-2 THOMAS3 CUSHMAN (ROBERT2, THOMAS1) was born February 08, 1607/08 in Canterbury, Kent, England, and died December 11, 1691 in New Haven, New Haven Co., CT. He married MARY ALLERTON 1636 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, daughter of ISAAC ALLERTON and MARY MORRIS. She was born June 16, 1616 in Leiden, South Holland, Hetherlands, and died November 28, 1699 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.

Notes for HWC-2 THOMAS CUSHMAN:
Thomas Cushman was the son of Rev. Robert CUSHMAN who was born bef 9 Feb1577 in Rolveden, Kent, England. Robert was baptized there on 9 Feb 1577.

Robert Cushman was a man of some education and better off than most. A wool comber by trade from Canterbury, England, he was a dissident Ancient Brethren who had quite the Johnson Reform Church in disgust. Robert was one an apprentice to George Masters, and was excommunicated from St. Andrews Church in Canterbury after saying that going to that church could not edify him. He was then received back in the church in 1605, the same year he became a freeman of Canterbury, being described as a grocer.

Robert Cushman was an ally of John Carver and aided the pilgrims in their exodus from England, joining them in Leyden, Holland, after they had been there several years. He joined the Green Gate group in Leiden, Holland and was named Deacon. He purchased a small house in 1611 close to the Green Gate House. The following year he purchased a larger house and brought his family from England to Holland. In 1616 he lost his wife and one of two children, being left with one son, Thomas, who was destined in time to succeed William Brewster as ruling elder.

Robert found himself another wife, the widow of a Canterbury shoemaker, Mary Singleton, of Sandwich, England. Leaving his wife in England and after arriving at Plymouth his 14 year old son in the care of the future Governor of Plymouth, William Bradford, he departed a month or two later for England on the Fortune where he remained almost continuously for three years on a very difficult and harassing assignment.

Robert had become a leader in the community and advocated their settlement in America, could they obtain from the King a promise of liberty of conscience in their new home. He and John Carver were chosen by their fellow Separatists to go to England to negotiate for a patent to go to America. They left for London in 1617 but the King refused acharter under his seal. However, he gave his promise not to molest them.

He went to England again, with the Elder, William Brewster, in 1619, when the King finally granted them a charter and toleration for their form of religion as long as they should remain faithful subjects. At the sametime, they contracted with the London merchant adventurers for vessels, and soon after Cushman visited London again with Carver. He collected funds, made purchases and chartered the Mayflower and Speedwell, which Carver fitted out at Southampton. Cushman was the Governor of the Speedwell and Carver was the Governor of the Mayflower.

Cushman with his family embarked in the Speedwell on August 5, 1620, and the two vessels began the voyage. The Speedwell started to leak and both ships returned to port. This happened three times before the Mayflower sailed on alone. It was later found that the crew of the Speedwell had intentionally caused the leakage to get out of a requirement for them to stay in the new world and work for one year.

In July, 1621, Robert sailed on the Fortune, taking with him his only son, Thomas, who was by then 14 years of age. The ship Fortune arrived at Plymouth on November 21, 1621, just a few weeks after the first Thanksgiving. The passenger list is based on the 1623 Division of Land, and by the information found in Eugene Aubrey Stratton's Plymouth Colony: Its History and It s People, 1620-1691.

He then returned to England on the Fortune on December 13, 1621. On the voyage home, he was captured by the French, plundered, and taken to France. After two weeks, he was released and returned to England to act as a financial agent of the settlers.

In 1623, he obtained (in connection with Edward Winslow) a grant of the territory of Cape Ann from Lord Sheffield, and there a new band of pilgrims made the first permanent settlement in Massachusetts Bay Colony. He published in London (C 1621) a pamphlet on "Emigration to America," in which he urged the advantages of the new country, and in 1622 printed in London his first sermon preached in America, December 6, 1621, on "Sinand Danger of Self-Love." This sermon was reprinted in Boston in 1724, in1780, and in 1785. In 1622, he published an eloquent vindication of the colonial enterprise and an appeal for missions for the North American Indians.

At the age of 48, Robert died in London, Middlesex, England on 16 Feb1625 before having the chance to return to Plymouth. Thomas was adopted by William Bradford after the news of Robert's death. According to William Bradford, Thomas was "very studious and sollictous for the peace and prosperity of the church, and to prevent and heale all breaches".

Thomas Cushman was ordained 6th of April 1649, as ruling elder of the Church in Plymouth, succeeding Elder Brewster.

More About HWC-2 THOMAS CUSHMAN:
Burial: Old Burial Hill Cemetery, Plymouth, MA

Notes for MARY ALLERTON:
Mary Allerton was the third child of Isaac and Mary Morris Allerton, who came over in the Mayflower in 1620. Mary Morris Allerton died in early 1621 leaving Isaac a widower.

Isaac married Fear Brewster, daughter of Deacon William Brewster (Mayflower Pilgrim), who arrived on the Anne in 1623. They married in1626 and had one child, Isaac Allerton. He became the first Plymouth student at Harvard. After graduating, he migrated to Virginia. Fear contracted small pox and died in 1634. Isaac then married Joanna Swinnerton.

Mary Allerton was about 3 1/2 years of age when she arrived at Plymouth. She married Thomas Cushman in 1636. She survived her husband Thomas about seven or eight years, and died at the advanced age of ninety. Mary was the last survivor of the Mayflower passengers.

There were 102 passengers that embarked on the Mayflower, including three pregnant women. While the Mayflower was at sea, Elizabeth Hopkins gave birth to the son they named Oceanus.

While the Mayflower was in Provincetown Harbor and the Pilgrims were looking for a place to settle, Susanna White gave birth to a son whom they named Peregrine (the name means "one who journeys to foreign lands").

The third pregnant woman, Mary Morris Allerton (Mary's mother), gave birth to a stillborn son on board the Mayflower, just as the first houses were being built at Plymouth. Mary's mother died soon after at the age of 32.

More About MARY ALLERTON:
Burial: Old Burial Hill Cemetery, Plymouth, MA

Children of THOMAS CUSHMAN and MARY ALLERTON are:
4. i. THOMAS4 CUSHMAN (HWC-3), b. September 16, 1637, Scituate, Plymouth, MA; d. August 23, 1726, Scituate, Plymouth, MA.
ii. SARAH CUSHMAN (HWC-4), b. 1639, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA; m. JOHN HAWKS; b. Abt. 1637.
iii. MARTHA CUSHMAN, b. 1641, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
iv. LYDIA CUSHMAN (HWC-5), b. Abt. 1644, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA; m. WILLIAM HARLOW; b. 1632.
5. v. ISAAC CUSHMAN (HWC-6), b. February 08, 1647/48, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA; d. October 21, 1732, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
6. vi. ELKANAH CUSHMAN (HWC-7), b. June 01, 1651, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA; d. September 04, 1727, Plympton, Plymouth, MA.
vii. FEAR CUSHMAN (HWC-8), b. June 20, 1653, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
7. viii. ELEAZER CUSHMAN (HWC-9), b. February 20, 1655/56, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
ix. MARY CUSHMAN (HWC-10), b. Abt. 1660; m. HUTCHINGSON; b. Abt. 1658, Lynn, MA.
x. LYDIA CUSHMAN, b. 1662, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA; m. WILLIAM HARLOW; b. Abt. 1660.


Generation No. 4

4. THOMAS4 CUSHMAN (HWC-3) (THOMAS3, ROBERT2, THOMAS1) was born September 16, 1637 in Scituate, Plymouth, MA, and died August 23, 1726 in Scituate, Plymouth, MA. He married (1) RUTH HOWLAND November 17, 1664 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, daughter of JOHN HOWLAND and ELIZABETH TILLEY. She was born July 10, 1637 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, and died May 29, 1672 in Scituate, Plymouth, MA. He married (2) ABIGAIL TITUS October 16, 1679 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, daughter of JOHN TITUS and ABIGAIL CARPENTER. She was born February 18, 1652/53 in Rehoboth, MA, and died May 31, 1734 in Attleboro, MA.

Notes for THOMAS CUSHMAN (HWC-3):
Thomas Cushman and his second wife, Abigail Titus Fuller, were members ofthe Church of Plympton. He lived on the west side of the highway that leads from Plympton meeting house to the north part of the town. Colchester Brook ran through his farm, which contained a large quantity of land.

Notes for ABIGAIL TITUS:
Abigail was the widow of John Fuller. Her maiden name was TITUS. She was a widow, having been married to John FULLER. She became Thomas Cushman's second wife. They were members of the Church at Plympton. Thomas lived on the west side of the highway that leads from the Plympton Meeting House to the north part of the town, and "Colchester Brook" ran through his farm, which contained a large quantity of land.

Children of THOMAS CUSHMAN and RUTH HOWLAND are:
8. i. ROBERT5 CUSHMAN (HWC-11), b. 1664, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
9. ii. JOB CUSHMAN (HWC-12), b. Abt. 1667, Plymouth, MA.
iii. BARTHOLOMEW CUSHMAN (HWC-13), b. Abt. 1670.


Children of THOMAS CUSHMAN and ABIGAIL TITUS are:
10. iv. SAMUEL5 CUSHMAN (HWC-14), b. Abt. 1680, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
v. BARTHOLOMEW CUSHMAN, b. Abt. 1684, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
11. vi. BENJAMIN CUSHMAN, b. March 01, 1690/91, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA; d. October 17, 1770, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA.
12. vii. ISAAC CUSHMAN (HWC-16), b. Abt. 1692.
viii. REBEKAH CUSHMAN (HWC-17), b. Abt. 1694.



Generation No. 5



11. BENJAMIN5 CUSHMAN (THOMAS4, THOMAS3, ROBERT2, THOMAS1) was born March 01, 1690/91 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, and died October 17, 1770 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. He married (1) SARAH EATON January 08, 1711/12. She was born 1691 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. He married (2) SARAH BELL March 14, 1738/39 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. She was born Abt. 1708.

Children of BENJAMIN CUSHMAN and SARAH EATON are:
26. i. JEBEZ6 CUSHMAN (HWC-51), b. August 11, 1713.
27. ii. CALEB CUSHMAN (HWC-52), b. 1715.
28. iii. SOLOMON CUSHMAN (HWC-53), b. September 09, 1717, Plympton, Plymouth, MA.
iv. JERUSHA CUSHMAN (HWC-54), b. Abt. 1719.
29. v. BENJAMIN CUSHMAN (HWC-55), b. 1722.
vi. SARAH CUSHMAN (HWC-56), b. Abt. 1726.
vii. ABIGAIL CUSHMAN (HWC-57), b. Abt. 1728; m. ZABDIEL SAMPSON; b. Abt. 1726.
viii. JERUSHA CUSHMAN (HWC-59), b. Abt. 1730; m. GEORGE STERTEVANT; b. Abt. 1728.
ix. THOMAS CUSHMAN (HWC-58), b. Abt. 1732; m. ANNA CHIPMAN.
x. HULDAH CUSHMAN (HWC-60), b. Abt. 1734; m. DAVID FEARING; b. Abt. 1732.




Re: Robert Cushman

David Roth (View posts)
Posted: 12 May 2005 5:44AM GMT
Classification: Query
Kim,
I forgot to correct one thing. 1st Generation Cushman, William Cushman was born in Cobham, Wilshire, England. He is a double entry.
Dave

Re: Robert Cushman

Posted: 28 Jan 2006 4:52AM GMT
Classification: Query
HI I ALSO HAVE A ANCESTRY LINE BETWEEN THOMAS COUSHMAN AND MARY ALLERTON. HOPE TO HEAR FROM YOU

JEAN @ JEANNROBINSON@AOL,COM
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