Prior to 1795, the Trieste was part of region that belonged to Italy,
or rather to Venice for nearly 400 years.
(In 1797 Austraia had ceded holdings in Belgium to France in exchange
for Venetia, Istria, and Dalmatia)
As a result Venice ceased to exist as a nation.
In 1805, Napoleon required Austria to surrender all the above lands
into a French dependency called the Kingdom of Italy.
In addition, Napoleon attached the so-called Illyrian Provinces
directly to France (under French rule 1809-1813).
At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Austria regained all territories
lost to Napoleon's Illyrian Provinces and to his Kingdom of Italy
In 1866 , Istria with the city of Trieste , a province of the Austrian
empire was awarded to Italy.
After WWI the country of Yugoslavia was created.
A treaty in 1920, awarded to Italy Istria and all of certain of its former
In 1947, the Free Territory of Trieste was established.
Zone A (including the the city of Trieste) was administered by Anglo-
American forces, and Zone B by Yugoslavian forces.
In 1954, the Free Territory of Trieste was abolished.
Zone A was given to Italy , and Zone B to Yugoslavia.
I think you will need to access some Italian geneaology site to locate
how to find your surnames records at Italian sources.
Surname spelling after the fact.
In Istria, when the Italian fascisti came to power in the 1930's they
forced some Croatian surnames to be changed to Italian spellings.
For example, the Italian alphabet has no letter "K" so a surname like
Kristovic^ from Dalmatia or Istria could have been spelled Christovich.
Or surname Gasparich (Gasparvic^) transliterated in Italian would
probably have been become Gasparo.
Or a surname Domonick could be spelled Domonico or Domonic ?
You scanned the U.S. Census 1860 1870 microfilms for FL.
You should also look at these census enumerations for the states of MS TX LA.
Am searching for information on the ancestry of Louis G. Covacevich, who resided in Hillsborough Co., FL (Tampa area) in 1860 and 1870 (U.S. Census). He was born in 1814 and his birthplace is listed as Trieste according to one U.S. Census (variously Austria, Italy, and "at sea" in other Census). I am posting here because of the Serbo-Croatian sounding surname. He was married to Maria in 1860 and Jane in 1870. He had the following children: Mary, Joannah, Laura, Goan, Nancy, Agnes. Any help greatly appreciated!
Tom in Baltimore, USA
Correction: In 1866, the Veneto, west of Trieste, was taken over by Italy through a 'referendum'. Trieste and Istria were taken over by Italy through the Treaty of Rapallo in 1920 after WWI.
L G Covacevich
United States Census, 1860 birth: 1810 At Sea
residence: 1860 , Hillsborough, Florida
S G Covacevich
United States Census, 1850 birth: 1812 Trieste
residence: 1850 Hillsborough county, Hillsborough, Florida, United State