Marriage of William Boles to Rebecca Cadenhead is recorded in Early County GA. Marriages, first book of marriage licenses, book A, 1820-1833.
#9 William Boles to Rebecca Cadenhead 1823. No day or month given.
William and Rebecca moved to Pike Co. AL. in 1827. Mt. Gilead Baptist Church was constituted in Russell Co. AL. 20 Jan. 1833 and William and Rebecca are listed as charter members and William was named Deacon. They moved to Rusk Co. TX. sometime before 1847. By 1850 they were in Van Zandt Co. TX. They moved next to Henderson County Texas.
BOLES/CADENHEAD APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP, CHEROKEE NATION 1896
All persons named in this application are members of one large extended family, related by blood and marriage. This information was received from the National Archives in Fort Worth, Texas. It consisted of 42 legal size photocopied pages of documents relating to the applications and appeal of denied citizenship. Denial was based on the fact that James Boles' name was not on one of the official Cherokee Census rolls taken in 1835, 1848, 1851 or 1852 and that James Boles never resided in Indian Territory. All persons named in this are one large extended family. This document proves thier lineage and relationship to each other.
1. Summary of Lawyers Brief submitted at Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation, IT, August 1896.
Before the Honorable The Dawes Commission sitting at Venita, IT in the hearing for Indian citizenship in the Cases of: Levi C. Boles, J. Robert Boles, Minerva Elizabeth Boles, John M. Stripling, Polly Ann Stripling, Isaac Caddenhead, Mary [Berry] Ann Hightower, Tonie L. Anderson, Ellen O. Gilliland, W. R. Owen, Martha L. Brown, Joe E. Caddenhead, Lem Caddenhead and Kittie Ross versus the Cherokee Nation.
The claimants submitted their 13 respective applications verified under oath and affidavits of the following named witnesses in support of their claim: George Dread Water, Watt Christie, T. J. Taylor, Doug Weber, John Ross. All witnesses were recognized citizens of the Cherokee Nation.
The plaintiffs submitted positive proof of Cherokee Indian blood through sworn affidavits and testimony of witnesses known to be citizens of the Cherokee tribe. If the names of his blood ancestors were not found on the census rolls, it is because they probably hid from the Census takers fearing that census enrollment would bring about their removal from their homes in North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia. It is well know that a large number (up to 2,000 individuals) evaded enrollment by hiding in the mountains and forests. The brief cited other instances when tribal officials and various government commissions granted citizenship to others whose ancestors' names were not on the rolls. It pointed out that there were no rules forbidding admission unless a blood ancestors' name is found on the rolls of 1835, 1848, 1851 and 1852. That the claimants have submitted proof positive of Cherokee Indian blood. That their petition was granted by a previous Cherokee National Council without hesitancy and the previous Principal Chief approved the act. Therefore the Dawes Commission should not recede from the established precedents of the Cherokee Nation, should be governed by the form of evidence submitted which is clearly within the provisions of law of the US and should approve the citizenship applications. Respectfully submitted by Rasmus and Ghormley, Attorneys for the Plaintiffs.
Before the Dawes Commission, Cherokee Nation Response dated August 27, 1896.
Now comes respondent, S. H. Mayes, Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nations and demurs said application on the grounds . . . that James Boles through whom the petitioners claim to derive their right to citizenship is not now, and has not been a citizen of the Cherokee Nation, since the removal of said Nation, west to the IT as at present located and defined; that his name does not appear on any of the authenticated rolls of said Nation; that neither he nor any of his ancestors now reside, or ever have resided in the Cherokee Nation and Indian Territory.
Demurrer and Answer filed September 9, 1896.
2. Summaries from printed Citizenship Application forms where handwritten information filled in blank areas of the form.
Levi C. Boles states that he is the son of William Boles and grandson of James Boles who he firmly believes were Cherokee Indians by blood and acknowledged members of the Cherokee tribe of Indians and from whom he derived his Cherokee blood. Age of petitioner is 62 years old. His post office address is Campbell, IT. His family consists of: James R. Boles, male, 27, son; Tonie L. Anderson, female, 23, daughter, married; J. L. Boles, male, 18, son. Signed and sworn at Tahlequah, IT on November 28, 1894. Polly Ann Stripling. Daughter of William Boles, granddaughter of James Boles. Age 70. Post Office: Campbell IT. Family: Annie Henderson, female, 13, niece, daughter of Sally Stripling who was a Boles. Signed at Tahlequah, IT on August 7, 1896.
John Stripling. Son of Polly Ann Stripling, grandson of William Boles, great grandson of James Boles. Age 29. Post Office: Campbell, IT. No children. Signed at Tahlequah, IT on August 7, 1896.
Ellen O. Gilliland. Daughter of Levi C. Boles, granddaughter of William Boles, great
granddaughter of James Boles. Age 34. Post Office: Bowie, Texas. Family: Pearl Gilliland, female, 12, daughter; Nancy E. Gilliland, female, 10, daughter; Millie A. Gilliland, female, 8, daughter; James H. Gilliland, male, 5, son; Jesse Lee Gilliland, female, 2, daughter; John B. Gilliland, male, 2 mo., son. Signed at Tahlequah, IT on November 28, 1894.
Tonie L. Anderson. Daughter of Levi C. Boles, granddaughter of William Boles, great
granddaughter of James Boles. Age 25. Address, Davis, IT. Family: Norma Anderson, female, 11 mo, daughter. Signed at Tahlequah, IT on August 24, 1896.
Minerva Elizabeth Boles. Daughter of William Boles, granddaughter of James Boles. Age 60. Address Checotah, IT. No family listed.
Signed [her mark] at Checotah, IT on August 20, 1896.
J. Robert Boles. Son of L. C. Boles. Grandson of William Boles, great grandson of James Boles. Age 28. Address: Texanna, IT. Signed at Tahlequah, IT on August 24, 1896.
Berry Ann [?] Hightower. Son of Phoebie Hightower and Bill Hightower. Age 34. His address: Wells, Texas. No family listed. Signed at Texanna, IT on August 21, 1896. [The applicant was a male. Unsure of middle name. It looks like Ann. First name is clearly Berry and not Mary.]
W. R. Owen. Son of Adeline Caddenhead. Age 33. Address: Willis, IT. Family: Charley Owen, boy, 13, son; Myrtle Owen, girl, 7, daughter; Robt. Owen, boy, 4, son. Signed at Texanna, IT on August 21, 1896.
Issac Caddenhead. Son of Frank Caddenhead and Beckie Caddenhead. Age 42. Address: 10 yrs. Texas. Family: Falbie [?] Caddenhead, male, 13, son; Jno. R. Caddenhead, male, 8, son; Isaac Newton Caddenhead, male, 6, son. Signed at Texanna, IT on August 21, 1896.
3. Handwritten petitions/applications for Cherokee Citizenship:
Petitioner: Martha L. Brown residing with her husband, William M Brown and their family in Tahlequah, IT. States she is a Cherokee Indian by blood and a mixture of white and Cherokee. She derives her Cherokee blood from her late father, William Boles, the son of James Boles, who was a Cherokee by blood. States she intermarried with William Brown, August 29, 1875 and in lawful wedlock with him has the following child, William M Brown Jr., age 6. Signed [her mark] on June 11, 1894 at Tahlequah District.
Petitioners: Joe Caddenhead, age 23. and Lem Caddenhead, age 19. Sons of Adeline
Caddenhead who they believe was a Cherokee Indian by blood and whose name or ancestors' names should appear on the census rolls of the Cherokees East of the Mississippi in the years of 1835, 1848, 1851 and 1852. Address: Willis, IT. Signed August 21, 1896 at Texanna, IT. Petitioner: Kittie Ross, age 27. Daughter of Adeline Caddenhead. Address: Jennett [?], Texas. Family: Seborn [?] Ross, male, 4, son; Roy Ross, male, 2, son. Signed [her mark] August 21, 1896 at Texanna, IT.
4. Supporting Sworn Witness Statements/Affidavits:
In the case of Levi C. Boles. By George Dreadful Water, a recognized 3/4 Cherokee and 31 year resident of Tahlequah District, Cherokee Nation. Testifies that he served with Levi Boles in Stan Watie's regiment in the Civil War. That Levi is the cousin of John Boles a recognized Cherokee. Signed [his mark] on August 6, 1896
In the case of Levi C. Boles. By Watt Christie, a citizen of the Cherokee Nation by blood. Age 82. Address: Tahlequah, IT. States he was personally acquainted with James Boles in the old Cherokee Nation in North Carolina and he was a Cherokee Indian by blood and so recognized by all that knew him and asks that his descendants be admitted. Signed [his mark] on November 3, 1894.
In the case of Levi C. Boles by Thomas J. Taylor, age 76, resident of Tahlequah, IT, a citizen of the Cherokee Nation by blood. Occupation: farmer. States he was acquainted with James Boles
and his son, William Boles, in North Carolina. They moved to Georgia. They were recognized Cherokee Indian by blood. Their names should appear on the census of 1835. Signed November 29, 1894 at Tahlequah, IT.
In the case of Levi C. Boles by Doug Weber, age 69. Address: [unreadable], IT. Occupation: farmer. A citizen of the Cherokee Nation. He states he is acquainted with Levi C. Boles. He knew him before the late war, through the war and since the war and know him to be Cherokee. He knew his father to be a Cherokee. He knew him at Weber Falls, IT. And he is recognized as Indian by his people the Boles family. Signed [his mark] on November 28, 1894, Tahlequah, IT.
In the case of Levi C. Boles by John Ross, age 72, a citizen of the Cherokee Nation. Post office address: [difficult to read - may be Wauhile or Wauhill], IT. States he was personally acquainted with Jim Boles back in the old Cherokee Nation in North Carolina. He was a Cherokee Indian by blood and was known as one of the tribe while John Ross was Chief of the Old Cherokee Nation or Eastern band of Cherokees. Signed [ his mark] Tahlequah district, November 6, 1894.
In the case of Levi C. Boles by Wm. R. Crosby who states that he knows Levi C. Boles to be the son of William Boles and the grandson of James Boles. Signed October 17, 1894 in Bowie, Montague Co., Texas.
In the case of Ellen O. Gilliland by Levi C. Boles, age 62. Address: Campbell, IT. Occupation: farmer. He states Ellen O. Gilliland is his daughter and granddaughter of William Boles and great granddaughter of James Boles. Signed November 28, 1894 at Tahlequah, IT.
In the case of Joe E. Caddenhead, Lem Caddenhead, W. R. Owen and Kittie Ross by Flora[?] Ann Terrill, age 36. Address, Texanna, IT. A citizen of the Cherokee Nation. She states that W. R. Owen, Kittie Ross, Joe Caddenhead and Lem Caddenhead are known to her to be the sons and daughter of Adeline Caddenhead Boles and are niece and nephews of Phoebie Hightower and Martha L. Brown. Signed August 19, 1896 in the Northern Dist., IT.
In the cases of Isaac Caddenhead by Flora[?] Ann Terrill, age 36. Address, Texanna, IT. She states Isaac Caddenhead is the second cousin of Martha L. Brown and second cousin of Adeline Caddenhead. Signed August 19, 1896 in the Northern Dist., IT.
In the Boles case by Jarries M Bedford, age 55, resident of Canadian District, Cherokee Nation, P.O. address: Checotah, IT. The witness has been personally acquainted with the Boles family for about 30 years. Polly Ann Stripling (nee Boles), Levi C. Boles, Phoebe Hightower (nee Boles), Minerva Boles, Adeline Caddenhead (nee Boles) and Martha L. Brown (nee Boles) and brother and sisters by blood and are direct descendants by blood of William Boles being son and daughters. Signed J. M Bedford, August 20, 1896 at Checotah, IT. In the Boles case by Levi C. Boles, age 64, states that he is a cousin to Johnson Boles, Lightening Bug Boles, Joe Boles and a distant relative of old Chief Boles. That Martha L. Brown, wife of W. M Brown, is his full sister. That her name before marriage was Martha L. Boles. That he also has two other sisters, Polly Ann Stripling, nee Boles, and Minerva Boles. Signed and dated August 6, 1896 in the Northern District, IT.
In the Boles case by Saike [or Sakie ?] Splitnose. She states she was acquainted with Jim Boles, Johnson Boles, Wagoner Boles and Dangerous [?] Boles and knew them to be relatives of Chief Boles. They were her uncles and had relatives back in Texas. She has reason to believe that Martha L. Boles was a granddaughter of James Boles. Signed [ her mark] October 24, 1894 in the Canadian District, Cherokee Nation.
In the case of Berry Ann[?] Hightower by Flora Ann Terrill, age 36. Address: Wells, Cherokee County, Texas. A citizen of the Cherokee Nation. States that Berry Ann[?] Hightower is the son of Phoebie Hightower and nephew of Martha L. Brown. Signed August 19, 1896 in the Northern District, IT.
In the case of Polly Ann and John M Stripling by Levi C. Boles, age 64. Post office address: Checotah, IT. Occupation: Farmer. He states that Polly Ann Stripling is his sister and that John Stripling is her son. Annie Henderson is a daughter of Sally Henderson. Sally Henderson is a daughter of Polly Ann Stripling. Polly Ann Stripling is a daughter of William Boles who is the son of James Boles. Signed August 7, 1896, Northern District, IT.
-----------End Application Packet Summary-------------
The above provides good documentation that James Boles is the father of William Boles who is the father of Levi C. Boles, Polly Ann Stripling, Phoebe Hightower, Minerva Boles and Martha Brown (although census records show there are other children not mentioned in the applications).
Photocopies of the original applications/affidavits/legal briefs/etc. for case # 4618 are available through the National Archives at Fort Worth, Texas.
Internet address: http://www.nara.gov/regional/ftworth.html