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George Frederick GARDNER/GARDINER & Ada Maria WHEELER - Long Wittenham

George Frederick GARDNER/GARDINER & Ada Maria WHEELER - Long Wittenham

Posted: 24 Jul 2008 12:25AM GMT
Classification: Query
Edited: 24 Jul 2008 2:46PM GMT
Surnames: GARDNER, GARDINER, WHEELER

I am seeking the descendants of GEORGE FREDERICK GARDNER/GARDINER (b. 1876) and ADA MARIA WHEELER (b. 1872).

Ada Maria (WHEELER) Gardner/Gardiner was born on Dorchester, Oxon and was the daughter of Thomas WHEELER & Adelaide Jacobs. She married George Frederick Gardner/Gardiner at Long Wittenham in 1900.

They had three known children:

Frederick Frank Gardiner
Hilda Beatrice Gardiner (later Plester)
Bertha Maud Gardiner

It is believed that this family continued to live in the vicinity of Long Wittenham .

Any further information on this family or their descendants would be greatly appreciated.

With thanks,
Kevin.


Re: George Frederick GARDNER/GARDINER & Ada Maria WHEELER - Long Wittenham

Posted: 23 Aug 2008 8:53PM GMT
Classification: Biography
Edited: 24 Aug 2008 7:12PM GMT
Surnames: Wheeler, Gardner
Hello Kevin,

The General Register Office (GRO) marriage index for George shows that his surname is spelled “Gardner.”

The index comes from the FreeBMD website at: http://freebmd.rootsweb.com/

Aside from George Frederick Gardner and Ada Maria Wheeler, the index also names another couple. These are John Green and Amelia Emily Hunt. Surnames in the GRO indexes are listed alphabetically rather than by marriage partner.

The index further shows the marriage was recorded in the Wallingford (Oxford) Registration District in the June quarter of 1900.

The June quarter includes the months of April, May, and June.

The index follows:


Marriages Jun 1900

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

Gardner George Frederick Wallingford 2c 687
Green John Wallingford 2c 687
Hunt Amelia Emily Wallingford 2c 687
Wheeler Ada Maria Wallingford 2c 687
____


The full marriage record for George and Ada can be found in Volume 2c, Page 687 of the GRO marriage register copies.

You can order the full birth record from the GRO website at: http://www.gro.gov.uk/gro/content/

The least expensive method of ordering GRO certificates is to order them online, and by providing the Volume (2c), and Page Number ()687, from the marriage index you see above.

Before ordering certificates online, you will need to type in your email address and provide a password to log in to the site.

The GRO link to log onto the site can be found at: https://www.gro.gov.uk/gro/content/certificates/Login.asp

The cost of a certificate by ordering online is £7.00.

The full marriage record will give the names of the fathers of George and Ada.

To see what other information can be found in marriage, as well as birth and death certificate, see Barbara Dixon’s website at: http://www.dixons.clara.co.uk/Certificates/indexbd.htm

The Wallingford Registration District recorded births, marriages, and deaths for several towns and parishes in Oxfordshire as well as Berkshire.

Long Wittenham, Berkshire, for instance, was in the Wallingford district. A full list of the towns and parishes in the district is available at the GenUKI website link at:
http://www.ukbmd.org.uk/genuki/reg/districts/wallingford.htm...

I found a brief description of Long Wittenham, also known as “Earls,” in the 1848 edition of Lewis’s Topographical Dictionary of England. The Topographical Dictionary can be accessed at the British History Online website at:
http://www.british-history.ac.uk/source.aspx?pubid=445

The description is below:


Wittenham, Long, or Earls (All Saints)

WITTENHAM, LONG, or EARLS (All Saints), a parish, in the union of Wallingford, hundred of Ock, county of Berks, 4 miles (S. W.) from Abingdon; containing 580 inhabitants. It is bounded on the north by the Isis, and comprises 2168a. 2r. 22p. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king's books at £12. 12. 6.; net income, £166; patrons and appropriators, the Rector and Fellows of Exeter College, Oxford: the tithes were commuted for land in 1809. Funeral urns and other Roman antiquities are found.

From: A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 636-639.
URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51420.
Date accessed: 17 August 2008.
____


I next located George and Ada as well as their son Frederick F. Gardner in the 1901 census living in an address of 2 The Croft, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire.

The enumeration shows that 25 year old George’s occupation was with an engine works of some kind, but I could not decipher the full job title because of an enumerator’s cross mark across part of the occupation description.

The census shows that George was born in Wantage, Berkshire.

George’s wife Ada, at 28 years old, is shown to have been born in Dorchester, Oxon. Son Frederick F. Gardner, 7 months old, is shown to have been born in Cheltenham.

The census transcription below comes from the Ancestry.com subscription website:


1901 England Census

Civil Parish: Cheltenham
Ecclesiastical parish: St Mark
County/Island: Gloucestershire
Country: England

Street Address: 2 The Croft

Registration district: Cheltenham
Sub registration district: Cheltenham
ED, institution, or vessel: 57
Household schedule number: 129

Number of Rooms occupied if less than five: 4

Name, Relation to Head of Household, Condition as to Marriage, Sex, Age, Occupation, Employer/Worker/ or Own Account, Where Born

George F Gardner, Head, Married, Male, 25, ? Engine Works, Worker, Berkshire Wantage
Ada M Gardner, Wife, Married, Female, 28, Oxon; Dorchester
Frederick F Gardner, Son, Single, Male, 7 months, Glouc; Cheltenham
____


After finding the family in the 1901 census I located the GRO birth index for Frederick Frank Gardner. The index shows the birth was recorded in the Cheltenham Registration District in the December quarter of 1900.

The birth index does not give the names of the parents.

The index is below:


Births Dec 1900

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

Gardner Frederick Frank Cheltenham 6a 416
____


The full birth record can be found in Volume 6a, Page 416 of the GRO registers. You can order the birth record from the GRO website noted earlier.

The Cheltenham Registration District recorded births, marriages, and deaths for several towns and parishes in Gloucestershire.

A list of these places can be found at the GenUKI website link at: http://www.ukbmd.org.uk/genuki/reg/districts/cheltenham.html

In your query to the Ancestry.com message board, you had stated that George and Ada had two other children named Hilda Beatrice Gardiner and Bertha Maud Gardiner.

I found what I believe to be the GRO birth index for Bertha but not for Hilda.

The index shows the birth of a Bertha Maud Gardner registered in the Basingstoke (Hampshire) Registration District in the June quarter of 1906.

The index is below:


Births Jun 1906

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

Gardner Bertha Maud Basingstoke 2c 222
____


The full birth record for Bertha can be found in Volume 2c, Page 222 of the GRO registers. Because no parents’ names accompany the birth index, I can’t be 100 percent certain this Bertha was the daughter of your George and Ada Wheeler Gardner.

The Basingstoke district recorded births, marriages and deaths in portions of Berkshire as well as Hampshire. A list of these places can be found at: http://www.ukbmd.org.uk/genuki/reg/districts/basingstoke.htm...
____


I next concentrated on finding more information about George Frederick Gardner as well as information about his parents and siblings.

To do this I began with the 1891 census.

I believe I found George F. and his 46 year old father George; 45 year old mother Susan; and four siblings living in an address of Wallingford Street, Wantage, Berkshire.

The census shows that George’s father was an unemployed boot maker, from “Marsham,” Bekshire, and that his mother Susan was from Missendon, Berkshire. The younger George, 15 years old, was employed working on a tramway, and born in Wantage.

He is shown to be the oldest child in the household in 1891. His siblings include 12 year old Bertha M. Gardner, 10 year old Walter S. Gardner, 5 year old Alice S. Gardner, and 3 year old Gertrude D. Gardner. Like George, all the siblings were born in Wantage.

The 1891 census transcription below comes from the Ancestry.com subscription website:


1891 England Census

Civil Parish: Wantage
Ecclesiastical parish: Wantage
Town: Wantage
County/Island: Berkshire
Country: England

Street Address: Wallingford St.

Registration district: Wantage
Sub registration district: Wantage
ED, institution, or vessel: 2

Name, Relation to Head of Household, Condition as to Marriage, Sex, Age, Occupation, Employer/Employed/Neither Employer nor Employed, Where Born

George Gardner, Head, Married, Male, 46, Bootmaker, Neither Employer nor Employed, Marsham Berks
Susan Gardner, Wife, Married, Female, 45, Missendon Berkshire
George F Gardner, Son, Single, Male, 15, Working on Tramway, Employed, Wantage Berks
Bertha M Gardner, Daughter, Single, Female, 12, Scholar, Wantage Berks
Walter S Gardner, Son, Single, Male, 10, Scholar, Wantage Berks
Alice L Gardner, Daughter, Single, Female, 5, Scholar, Wantage Berks
Gertrude D Gardner, Daughter, Single, Female, 3, Scholar, Wantage Berks
____


Below is the GRO birth index for George Frederick Gardner. The index shows that George’s birth was recorded in the Wantage Registration District in the December quarter of 1875. The full birth record can be found in Volume 2c, Page 288 of the GRO registers:


Births Dec 1875

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

Gardner George Frederick Wantage 2c 288
____


Next are what I believe to be the GRO birth indexes for George’s siblings, Bertha Maud, Walter Stephen, Alice Louisa and Gertrude Dorothy Gardner, born between the years 1878-1887:



Births Sep 1878

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

Gardner Bertha Maud Wantage 2c 323
____



Births Sep 1880

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

Gardner Walter Stephen Wantage 2c 304
____



Births Jun 1885

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

Gardner Alice Louisa Wantage 2c 300
____



Births Sep 1887

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

GARDNER Gertrude Dorothy Wantage 2c 306
____


Going further back in time the 1881 census below shows the family of George and Susan Gardner and five children living in an address of 7 Factory Villa, Wantage, Berkshire. In this enumeration George’s 34 year old mother is shown to have been born in “Little Missenden,” Buckinghamshire, whereas the 1891 gives her place of birth as Missenden, Berkshire. Little Missenden is actually in Buckinghamshire.

Young George F. Gardner at 5 years old is shown to be a scholar, that is, a student.

In the household with the Gardner family are visitors Sophia Hawkins and her three week old son, whose first name is not listed.

Also in the household is a lodger named Thomas Gordon, who, like the older George Gardner, is employed as a Boot Maker.

The census comes from the Latter Day Saints website at www.familysearch.org


Household:

Name, Relation, Marital Status, Gender, Age, Birthplace, Occupation, Disability

George GARDNER Head M Male 36 Marsham, Berkshire, England Bootmaker
Susan GARDNER Wife M Female 34 Little Missenden, Buckingham, England
Emily B. GARDNER Daur Female 7 Wantage, Berkshire, England Scholar
George F. GARDNER Son Male 5 Wantage, Berkshire, England Scholar
Elizabeth G. GARDNER Daur Female 3 Wantage, Berkshire, England Scholar
Bertha M. GARDNER Daur Female 2 Wantage, Berkshire, England Scholar
Walter J. GARDNER Son Male 8 m Wantage, Berkshire, England
Sophia HAWKINS Visitor M Female 22 Steventon, Berkshire, England
Son HAWKINS Visitor Male 3 w Wantage, Berkshire, England --
Thomas GORDON Lodger U Male 38 Stanford In Vale, Berkshire, England Boot Maker

Source Information:
Dwelling 7 Factory Villa
Census Place Wantage, Berkshire, England
Family History Library Film 1341313
Public Records Office Reference RG11
Piece / Folio 1287 / 9
Page Number 12
____


Two of the children not present in the 1891 census, but who are enumerated in the 1881 census, are Emily Beatrice, and Elizabeth Gertrude Gardner. Their GRO birth indexes are just below:


Births Mar 1874

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

GARDNER Emily Beatrice Wantage 2c 308
____

Births Jun 1877

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

GARDNER Elizabeth Gertrude Wantage 2c 310
____


I next looked for the marriage of George Gardner and Susan in the GRO indexes at the FreeBMD website.

I searched the GRO indexes for the marriage for the years 1870-1875, and found a possibility.

The index shows the marriage of two couples or four people taking place in the Wantage Registration District in the March quarter of 1874.

Named in the index are George Gardner, William Hall, Martha Maria Hedges, and Susan Taylor.

It’s possible that George had married Susan Taylor:
.

The index is below:


Marriages Mar 1874

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

GARDNER George Wantage 2c 443
Hall William Wantage 2c 443
Hedges Martha Maria Wantage 2c 443
Taylor Susan Wantage 2c 443
____


If the above index does refer to the marriage of George Gardner and Susan Taylor, and if they were the parents of Emily Beatrice, it would appear they had married close to Emily’s birth. The birth for Emily Beatrice noted earlier, was recorded in the Wantage district in the March quarter of 1874, the same quarter, year, and district as the marriage for George Gardner.

The March quarter includes the months of January, February, and March.

You will have to order the birth record for Emily, (or any of the other children of George and Susan) to see if Susan’s maiden name is Taylor. You would also have to order the marriage record for George and Susan to see how close to the birth of Emily their marriage took place. Their marriage record would also tell you what Susan’s maiden name was.

The 1881 census enumeration gives Susan’s place of birth as Little Missenden, Buckinghamshire.

I wanted to see if I could find a Susan Taylor living in Little Missenden in the census returns. Susan’s age of 34 in 1881 places her year pf birth circa 1846-1847.

I looked for the GRO birth index of a Susan Taylor born in Buckinghamshire for the years 1846-1847, and found one entry which may pertain to her.

The index shows the birth of a Susan Taylor registered in the Wycombe Registration District for the September quarter of 1846.

Little Missenden was located in the Wycombe district according to information found at the GenUKI website link at:
http://www.ukbmd.org.uk/genuki/reg/districts/wycombe.html

The index is below:


Births Sep 1846

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

Taylor Susan Wycombe 6 450
____

At this point in time it is only circumstantial evidence that George Gardner and Susan Taylor were husband and wife.

I next wanted to see if I could find George Gardner in the 1871 census. The object of the search was to see if he had been living with his parents, or was out on his own.

I found the person I believe to be George in the 1871 census living in an address of Back St., Wantage. George, 26 year years old and working as a shoe maker, is shown to be in the household of his 48 year old shoe maker father Stephen, born Marcham, Berkshire, and 51 year old mother Jane, born Uffington, Berkshire.

Also in the household are George’s siblings, 17 year old Lucy; 15 year old John; and 12 year old Sophia, all born in Steventon, Berkshire.


1871 England Census

Civil Parish: Wantage
County/Island: Berkshire
Country: England

Street Address: Back St.

Registration district: Wantage
Sub registration district: Wantage
ED, institution, or vessel: 2
Household schedule number: 62

Name, Relation to Head of Household, Condition as to Marriage, Sex, Age, Occupation, Where Born

Stephen Gardner, Head, Married, Male, 48, Shoemaker Employing 2 Men and 1 Boy, Berks Marcham
Jane Gardner, Wife, Married, Female, 51, Berks Uffington
George Gardner, Son, Unmarried, Male, 26, Shoemaker, Berks Marcham
Lucy Gardner, Daughter, Unmarried, Female, 17, Dressmaker, Berks Steventon
John Gardner, Son, Unmarried, Male, 15, Shoemaker, Berks Steventon
Sophia Gardner, Daughter, Female, 12, Scholar, Berks Steventon
____


George’s age of 26 in 1871 places his year of birth circa 1844-1845, depending upon if he had been born in a month before or after the enumeration. The 1871 census took place on the evening of 2 April of that year.

I found a December 1844 GRO birth index for a George Gardner. The index shows the birth recorded in the Abingdon Registration District in the December quarter of 1844.

Please see below:


Births Dec 1844

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

GARDNER George Abingdon 6 134
____


The full birth record for George Gardner can be found in Volume 6, Page 134 of the GRO registers. If you believe this index pertains to your Gardner ancestor, you can order the birth cert from the GRO. The full birth record would tell you the names of George’s parents, including his mother’s maiden name.

The Abingdon Registration District recorded births, marriages and deaths for several towns and parishes in Berkshire and Oxfordshire, including the parishes of Marcham and Steventon. A list of the towns and parishes in the district can be found at the GenUKI website link at: http://www.ukbmd.org.uk/genuki/reg/districts/abingdon.html

The other children of Stephen and Jane Gardner in the 1871 census are Lucy, John, and Sophia.

Below are what I believe to be their GRO birth indexes.


Births Dec 1852

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

Gardner Lucy Abingdon 2c 249
____


Births Mar 1856

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

GARDNER John Abingdon 2c 277
____


Births Jun 1858

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

Gardner Sophia Abingdon 2c 266
____


Ten years earlier, in the 1861 census, the Gardner family were living at an address of Grove Street, Lecture Room, Wantage.

16 year old George and his father Stephen are employed as shoe makers. Not in the 1871 census, but present in the 1861 census are three other children of Stephen and Jane. These are 19 year old Charlotte, born Uffington, the birth place of her mother; 13 year old Jane, born Steventon; and 10 year old Lucy, also born Steventon.

The 1861 census transcription is from Ancestry.com:


1861 England Census

Civil Parish: Wantage
County/Island: Berkshire
Country: England

Street Address: Grove Street, Lecture Room

Registration district: Wantage
Sub registration district: Wantage
ED, institution, or vessel: 4
Household schedule number: 217

Name, Relation to Head of Household, Condition as to Marriage, Sex, Age, Occupation, Where Born

Stephen Gardner, Head, Married, Male, 40, Shoemaker, Berks Marcham
Jane Gardner, Wife, Married, Female, 41, Berks Uffington
Charlotte Gardner, Daughter, Unmarried, Female, 19, Berks Uffington
George Gardner, Son, Male, 16, Shoemaker, Berks Marcham
Jane Gardner, Daughter, Female, 13, Scholar, Berks Steventon
Elizabeth Gardner, Daughter, Female, 10, Scholar, Berks Steventon
Lucy Gardner, Daughter, Female, 8, Scholar, Berks Steventon
John Gardner, Son, Male, 5, Scholar, Berks Steventon
Sophia Gardner, Daughter, Female, 3, Berks Steventon
____


Below is a GRO birth index for a Charlotte Gardner. This index may refer to the daughter of Stephen and Jane Gardner.

The index shows the birth recorded in the Farringdon (actually spelled Faringdon) Registration District in the December quarter of 1841:


Births Dec 1841

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

GARDNER Charlotte Farringdon 6 167
____


The full birth record for Charlotte can be found in Volume 6, Page 167 of the GRO copies of the birth registers. The full birth record for will tell you the names of her parents.

The Faringdon Registration District recorded births, marriages and deaths for several towns and parishes in the border areas of
Berkshire, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire and Wiltshire, but primarily in Berkshire. Uffington was located in the Faringdon district. See the GenUKI link at:

http://www.ukbmd.org.uk/genuki/reg/districts/faringdon.html


Next are the GRO birth indexes for Jane and Elizabeth Gardner. There are two indexes for a Jane Gardner, one registered in the Faringdon district for March 1847, and one in the Abingdon district for December 1847.

The 1861 census shows that Jane was born in Steventon, which was in the Abingdon district. The GRO birth index for Jane recorded in Abington may refer to the daughter of Stephen and Jane:


Births Mar 1847

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

Gardner Jane Farringdon 6 210
____


Births Dec 1847

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

GARDNER Jane Abingdon 6 131
____


Births Jun 1850

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

Gardner Elizabeth Abingdon 6 143
____


The 1851 census from Ancestry.com shows the Gardner family living in High Street, Stevendon. 27 year old Stephen is employed as a shoe maker.

He and 29 year old Jane are shown to have been born in Marcham and Uffington respectively, which are listed as their birth places in the 1871 and 1861 census returns.

The children in the household in the 1851 census include 9 year old Charlotte, 6 year old George, 3 year old Jane, and 1 year old Elizabeth:

1851 England Census

Civil Parish: Steventon
County/Island: Berkshire
Country: England

Street Address: High Street

Registration district: Abingdon
Sub registration district: Fyfield
ED, institution, or vessel: 7a
Household schedule number: 38

Name, Relation to Head of Household, Condition as to Marriage, Sex, Age, Occupation, Where Born

Stephen Gardner, Head, Married, Male, 27, Shoemaker Employing 1 Man, Berks Marcham
Jane Gardner, Wife, Married, Female, 29, Berks Uffington
Charlotte Gardner, Daughter, Female, 9, Scholar, Berks Uffington
George Gardner, Son, Male, 6, Scholar, Berks Marcham
Jane Gardner, Daughter, Female, 3, Berks Steventon
Elizabeth Gardner, Daughter, Female, 1, Berks Steventon
____


I did not find Stephen and Jane Gardner in the 1841 census in Berkshire. I had looked for them individually and together, as I wasn’t sure if they were married when the enumeration took place on June 6 of that year.

I then looked for a GRO marriage index for them.

Civil registration commenced in England and Wales in the third quarter of 1837. The third quarter includes the months of July, August and September.

I searched for their marriage in the GRO indexes from the September quarter of 1837 to the December quarter of 1841.

I found one possible GRO marriage index. The index lists eight people, or four couples married in the Faringdon Registration District in the December quarter of 1841. Two of the people in the index are Stephen Gardner and Jane Fowler. As mentioned earlier, GRO marriage indexes list people alphabetically by last name, not by marriage partner, and so I can’t be completely sure that Stephen Gardner and Jane Fowler married one another.

The index is below:


Marriages Dec 1841

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

CHURCH Harriet Faringdon 6 331
FOWLER Jane Faringdon 6 331
GARDNER Stephen Faringdon 6 331
GRUB Sarah Farringdon 6 331
HUNT Thomas Faringdon 6 331
ILOTT James Faringdon 6 331
WILLIS Mary Ann Faringdon 6 331
WINTERBORNE Stephen Faringdon 6 331
____


The town of Uffington was located in the Faringdon district, which means it is possible that Stephen Gardner had married Jane Fowler in Jane’s parish.

The census returns above show that Stephen and Jane Gardner had a daughter named Charlotte. The GRO birth index for Charlotte (seen earlier) shows that her birth was registered in the Faringdon district in the December quarter of 1841. This is the same district, quarter, and year as the marriage of Stephen and Jane.

It’s possible that Stephen and Jane married shortly before the birth of Charlotte so that Charlotte would not be born out of wedlock. But that is only a guess.

I next wanted to see if a Jane Fowler had been enumerated in the 1841 census in Uffington, Berkshire. Jane’s age in 1841 would be 19 or 20, as she was shown to be 29 years old in the 1851 census.

I found a 20 year old Jane Fowler living in the household of a 60 year old John Fowler and a 58 year old Mary Fowler, in Uffington. Also in the household is 3 year old Thomas Fowler. All the Fowlers are shown to have been born in Berkshire.

There are two other people residing in the household with the Fowlers. One of these is a man whose first name is Chapman, but whose last name I could not decipher in a copy of the original census downloaded from Ancestry.com

Chapman is listed as 25 years old and employed as a millwright. He was born out of the county.

Neither could I make out the surname of an 18 year old George, also a millwright, and also born out of the county.

The census transcription below is from Ancestry.com:


1841 England Census

Civil Parish: Uffington
Hundred: Shrivenham
County/Island: Berkshire
Country: England

Street Address or Place: Uffington

Registration district: Farringdon
Sub registration district: Buckland


John Fowler, 60, Male, Miller, Yes
Mary Fowler, 58, Female, Yes
Jane Fowler, 20, Female, Yes
Thomas Fowler, 3, Male, Yes
Chapman ? 35, Male, Millwright, No
George Brambten?,18, Male, Millwright, No
____


I also located a christening index for a Jane Fowler in Uffington at the LDS website.

The index shows that Jane was baptized in the Uffington Church of England on 11 June 1820 and that her parents were John and Mary Fowler, the same names listed in the 1841 census above:


JANE FOWLER
Female

Event(s):
Birth:
Christening: 11 JUN 1820 Uffington, Berkshire, England

Death:
Burial:

Parents:
Father: JOHN FOWLER
Mother: MARY

Messages:
Extracted birth or christening record for locality listed in the record.
The source records are usually arranged chronologically by the birth or christening date.

Source Information:
Batch No.: P006771
Date: 1654 - 1838
Film Number: 0251844 = Parish registers for Uffington, Church of England:
Christenings, 1654-1737, 1760-1833; Marriages, 1663-1737, 1754-1838; Burials, 1826-1838; Banns, 1654-1749, 1760-1856.


Printout Call No.: 0820657 = Computer printout of Uffington, Berks., Eng., Extracted from microfilm copy of parish registers on film
no. 0251844:

Christenings, 1654-1838.
____


The baptism records for Jane Fowler can be found in LDS microfilm numbers 0251844 and 0820657. Because these films also contain marriage records, you’ll want to look for the marriage record of John Fowler and Mary.

I then moved ahead in time to see if I could locate Stephen and Jane Gardner in the 1881 census. I found them living in an address of Back Street, Wantage, Berkshire. This is the same street for their residence in the 1871 census.

59 year old George is shown to be a boot maker employing two men. In the 1881 census his birthplace is listed as Cothill, Berkshire. Cothill is located in the parish of Marcham.

Jane’s age is 61 in the 1881 census. Her birthplace is listed as Uffington..

Also in the household are George and Jane’s two children, 39 year old Charlotte and 25 year old John, who is employed as a boot machinist.

The census below comes from the LDS website:


Household:

Name, Relation, Marital Status, Gender, Age, Birthplace, Occupation, Disability

Stephen GARDNER Head M Male 59 Cothill, Berkshire, England Bootmaker Employing 2 Men
Jane GARDNER Wife M Female 61 Uffington, Berkshire, England
Charlotte GARDNER Daur U Female 39 Uffington, Berkshire, England
John GARDNER Son U Male 25 Steventon, Berkshire, England Machinist Boot

Source Information:
Dwelling Back Street
Census Place Wantage, Berkshire, England
Family History Library Film 1341313
Public Records Office Reference RG11
Piece / Folio 1287 / 72
Page Number 31
____


By the 1891 census Stephen is a 67 year old widower still living in Back St., and still employed as a boot maker.

The only child of Stephen’s in the household at this time is 49 year old Charlotte, a retired housekeeper.

Also in the household is an 80 year old nurse, Harriet Turner, and 21 year old shoe maker named Ernest Papel.

The transcription see below comes from the Ancestry.com website:


1891 England Census

Civil Parish: Wantage
Ecclesiastical parish: Wantage
Town: Wantage
County/Island: Berkshire
Country: England

Street Address: Back St.

Registration district: Wantage
Sub registration district: Wantage
ED, institution, or vessel: 3

Name, Relation to Head of Household, Condition as to Marriage, Sex, Age, Occupation, Employer/Employed/Neither Employer nor Employed, Where Born

Stephen Gardner, Head , Widower, Male, Shoe Maker, 67, Shoe Maker, Employer, Berks Marcham
Charlotte Gardner, Daughter, Single, Female, 49, Retired Housekeeper, Berks Uffington
Harriett Turner, Servant, Widow, Female, 80, Nurse, Berkshire Childrey
Ernest Papel, Boarder, Single, Male, 21, Shoe Maker, Employed, Berkshire Kingston
____


Because Stephen is a widower in 1891, his wife Jane would have died sometime between the 1881 and 1891 census enumerations.

I looked for the GRO death index of a Jane Gardner in Berkshire between those dates and located one possibility.

The index shows the death of a Jane Gardner registered in the Wantage district in the September quarter of 1888:


Deaths Sep 1888

Surname First name(s) Age District Vol Page

GARDNER Jane 69 Wantage 2c 157
____


I then searched for Stephen and his daughter Charlotte in the 1901 census but did not find them. But I did find GRO death indexes for a Stephen Gardner and a Charlotte Gardner.

The death index for Charlotte was registered in the Wantage district in the June quarter of 1891. The death index for Stephen was also registered in the Wantage district, but 8 years later, in the December quarter of 1899.

The 1891 census was taken on 4 April of that year, which means Charlotte would have died shortly after the enumeration took place. The 1891 census shows that she was 49 years old. The GRO death also shows that she was 49 when she died.

The death indexes are below:


Deaths Jun 1891

Surname First name(s) Age District Vol Page

GARDNER Charlotte 49 Wantage 2c 216
____


Deaths Dec 1899

Surname First name(s) Age District Vol Page

Gardner Stephen 77 Wantage 2c 218
____


The census returns show that George and his father Stephen were born in Marcham, though the 1881 census narrows down Stephen’s birthplace even further, noting that he was born in Cothill. Cothill was in the parish of Marcham.

The census enumerations also shows that Jane and Charlotte Gardner were born in Uffington, Berkshire and that several of Stephen and Jane’s children were born in Steventon, Berkshire.

Lewis’s Topographical Dictionary of England contains brief descriptions of all these locations in Berkshire.

These follow:


Marcham (All Saints)

MARCHAM (All Saints), a parish, in the union of Abingdon, hundred of Ock, county of Berks, 2½ miles (W. by S.) from Abingdon;
containing, with the chapelry of Garford, the township of Frilford, and the hamlet of Cothill, 1109 inhabitants, of whom 760
are in the township of Marcham. The parish comprises 4069a. 3r. 7p.

The living is a vicarage, valued in the king's books at £14. 15. 7½.; net income, £455; patrons and appropriators, the Dean and Canons of Christ-Church, Oxford: the tithes were commuted for land in 1815. The church was rebuilt, except the tower, in 1837, at an expense of £2000, of which a considerable portion was given by Thomas Duffield, Esq. At Garford is a chapel of ease.

From: A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 253-257.
URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51133.
Date accessed: 21 August 2008.
____


Cothill

COTHILL, a hamlet, in the parish of Marcham, union of Abingdon, hundred of Ock, county of Berks; containing 45 inhabitants.

From: A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 696-700.
URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50898.
Date accessed: 21 August 2008.
____


Uffington (St. Mary)

UFFINGTON (St. Mary), a parish, in the union of Farringdon, hundred of Shrivenham, county of Berks, 4¼ miles (S. S. E.) from Farringdon; containing, with the chapelries of Baulking and Wolstone, 1170 inhabitants, of whom 640 are in Uffington township. The parish comprises 6028a. 1r. 13p.; and is intersected by the Wilts and Berks canal, and the Great Western railway. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king's books at £21; net income, £369; patron and impropriator, C. Eyre, Esq. The church is a handsome cruciform structure in the early English style; the spire was destroyed by lightning, about 1750. There are chapels of ease at Baulking and Wolstone. Thomas Saunders, in 1636, founded and endowed a free school; the rents for its support amount to £40. On WhiteHorse Hill, just above the village, is Uffington Castle, a large encampment surrounded by a double vallum, the inner one very high; it is 700 feet from east to west, 500 from north to south, and is supposed to be a work of the Britons, afterwards occupied by the Romans. The hill takes its name from the rude figure of a horse, 374 feet in length, cut in the turf, near the summit, and said to be commemorative of a victory which Alfred obtained over the Danes in the neighbourhood, though some consider it a British work: lands were formerly held here by the tenure of cutting away the turf to render the figure more visible. Westward of Uffington Castle is a large tumulus or cromlech called Wayland Smith's cave; and various other tumuli are scattered on the downs, particularly between Uffington and Lambourn, the most considerable of which are those called the Seven Barrows. Uffington gives the inferior title of Viscount to the Earl of Craven.

From: A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 411-414.
URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51360.
Date accessed: 21 August 2008.
____


Steventon (St. Michael)

STEVENTON (St. Michael), a parish, in the union of Abingdon, hundred of Ock, county of Berks, 5 miles (S. W. by S.) from Abingdon; containing 948 inhabitants. A castle was erected here by Baldwin Wake in 1281, of which there are no vestiges. A priory of Black monks, a cell to the abbey of Beck, in Normandy, was founded in the time of Henry I., and at the suppression of alien houses, was bestowed upon the convent of Westminster. The parish comprises 2382a. 2r. 11p., of which 1250 acres are arable, 970 pasture, 106 common, and 14 woodland. The Berks and Wilts canal, and the Great Western railway, which has a station here, both pass through the parish. In the village is an ancient cross, a tall shaft rising from abase of several steps.

The living is a vicarage, valued in the king's books at £9. 5. 2½.; net income, £192; patrons and appropriators, the Dean and Chapter of Westminster. There is a place of worship for Baptists; also a school partly supported by endowments amounting to about £12 per annum.

From: A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 200-205.
URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51302.
Date accessed: 21 August 2008.
____


THE WHEELER FAMILY


Your records shows that Ada Maria Wheeler’s parents were Thomas Wheeler and Adelaide Jacobs.

I searched for information about Ada, her parents, and siblings in the English census records as well as GRO indexes.

I began the search with the 1901 census to see if I could locate Ada’s parents in either Oxfordshire or Berkshire.

I found what I believe to be Ada’s mother Adelaide in the 1901 census, living in an address of Village Street, town of Long Wittenham, Berkshire.

The census shows that Adelaide is a 64 year old widow, employed as a charwoman. She is shown to have been born in Dorchester, Oxon.

The transcription below is from the Ancestry.com website:


1901 England Census
Civil Parish: Long Wittenham
Ecclesiastical parish: Little Wittenham St Mary the Virgin
Town: Long Wittenham
County/Island: Berkshire
Country: England

Street Address: Village Street

Registration district: Wallingford
Sub registration district: Cholsey
ED, institution, or vessel: 7
Household schedule number: 76

Name, Relation to Head of Household, Condition as to Marriage, Sex, Age, Occupation, Employer/Worker/ or Own Account, Where Born

Adelaide Wheeler, Head, Widow, Female, 64, Charwoman, Worker, Dorchester Oxon
____


Ada Wheeler and George Gardner were married in 1900, which means Ada would be in the 1891 census under her maiden name.

I searched for Ada in the 1891 census to see if she had been in the household of her parents.

I found her parents in the 1891 census living in the Abington Road, Dorchester, Oxfordshire. Ada is not in the household however.

Thomas is listed as a 53 year old shepherd, born in Dorchester, while his wife Adelaide is listed as 58 years old, and also born in Dorchester.

There are three children of Thomas and Adelaide living in the household. These include 21 year old Frederick J., 16 year old Mark Charles, and 14 year old Frank. The three children are shown to have been born in Dorchester, and all are shown to be employed as laborers.

The census transcription is below:


1891 England Census

Civil Parish: Burcott
Ecclesiastical parish: Dorchester
Town: Dorchester
County/Island: Oxfordshire
Country: England

Street Address: Abington Rd.


Registration district: Abingdon
Sub registration district: Nuneham Courtney
ED, institution, or vessel: 6

Name, Relation to Head of Household, Condition as to Marriage, Sex, Age, Occupation, Employer/Employed/Neither Employer nor Employed, Where Born

Thomas Wheeler, Head, Married, Male, 53, Shepherd, Employed, Oxon Dorchester
Adelaide Wheeler, Wife, Married, 58, Oxon Dorchester
Frederick J. Wheeler, Son, Single, Male, 21, Agricultural Labourer, Employed, Oxon Dorchester
Mark Chas Wheeler, Son, Male, 16, Agricultural Labourer, Employed, Oxon Dorchester
Frank Wheeler, Son, Male, 14, Agricultural Labourer, Employed, Oxon Dorchester
____


The following are what I believe to be the GRO birth indexes for Frederick, Mark, and Frank Wheeler. All of the births were recorded in the Wallingford Registration District in Volume 2c:


Births Mar 1870

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

WHEELER Frederick John Wallingford 2c 350
____



Births Sep 1874

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

WHEELER Mark Charles Wallingford 2c 301
____


Births Dec 1876

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

Wheeler Frank Wallingford 2c 309
____


I believe I also found Ada M Wheeler in the 1891 census, but the enumeration shows that she was working as a domestic servant for the family of a Wesleyan minister named Josiah Tolladay, and his wife Mary J.Tolladay at address of 82 Pinfold Street, Darlaston, Staffordshire.

Ada is shown to be 19 years old and born in Dorchester, Oxford.

The transcription which follows comes from Ancestry.com:


1891 England Census

Civil Parish: Darlaston
Ecclesiastical parish: St Lawrence
Town: Darlaston
County/Island: Staffordshire
Country: England

Street Address: 82 Pinfold Street

Registration district: Walsall
Sub registration district: Darlaston
ED, institution, or vessel: 3

Name, Relation to Head of Household, Condition as to Marriage, Sex, Age, Occupation, Employer/Employed/Neither Employer nor Employed, Where Born

Josiah Tolladay, Head, Married, Male, 48, Wesleyan Minister, Huntingdon St. Ives
Mary J Tolladay, Wife, Married, Female, 42, Shropshire Dawley Magna
Ada M Wheeler, Servant, Single, Female, 19, Servant (domestic), Employed, Oxford Dorchester
____


I then went back in time in the GRO birth indexes and located Ada’s birth. The index shows her birth was recorded in the Wallingford Registration District in the June quarter of 1872. The full birth record can be found in Volume 2c, Page 333 of the GRO registers:


Births Jun 1872

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

Wheeler Ada Maria Wallingford 2c 333
____


I then searched for Ada in the 1881 census and located her in the household of her father Thomas, mother, Adelaide, and three brothers, including Frederick J.; Mark C.; and Frank Wheeler, living at the Hill Farm, Little Wittenham, Berkshire.

All in the Wheeler family, are shown to have been born in Dorchester, Oxford. The transcription below comes from the LDS website:

Household:

Name, Relation, Marital Status, Gender, Age, Birthplace, Occupation, Disability

Thomas WHEELER Head M Male 44 Dorchester, Oxford, England Ag Shepherd
Adelaid WHEELER Wife M Female 44 Dorchester, Oxford, England
Frederick J. WHEELER Son Male 11 Dorchester, Oxford, England Ag Lab
Ada M. WHEELER Daur Female 9 Dorchester, Oxford, England Scholar
Mark C. WHEELER Son Male 7 Dorchester, Oxford, England Scholar
Frank WHEELER Son Male 4 Dorchester, Oxford, England Scholar

Source Information:
Dwelling Hill Farm
Census Place Little Wittenham, Berkshire, England
Family History Library Film 1341314
Public Records Office Reference RG11
Piece / Folio 1293 / 15
Page Number 24
____


Earlier, it was shown in the 1901 census that 64 year Adelaide was residing in Village Street, Little Wittenham, where she was employed as a charwoman.

Below are descriptions of Dorchester, Oxfordshire, and Little Wittenham, Berkshire, from the 1848 edition of Lewis’s Topographical Dictionary of England:


Dorchester (St. Peter and St. Paul)

DORCHESTER (St. Peter and St. Paul), a parish, and formerly a market-town, in the union of Wallingford, hundred of Dorchester, county of Oxford, 4 miles (N. W. by N.) from Wallingford; containing, with the hamlets of Burcott and Overy, 1078 inhabitants. This place, which is of very remote antiquity, was a city of some importance in the time of the Britons, by whom it was called Caer Dauri, or "the city on the water," probably from its position near the confluence of the Thame and Isis. It was subsequently a station of the Romans, and is identified by Richard of Cirencester as the Dorcina of that people, situated on the great Roman road, leading through the centre of the island. Of its occupation both by the Britons and the Romans many memorials remain, among which are a pure gold coin of Cunobeline, found in the adjoining fields in 1824, and numerous Roman coins of the Lower Empire (including one of Carausius), a Roman altar, and other relics, which have been discovered at various times; also the remains of an earthwork, evidently of Roman origin. On its occupation by the Saxons, it obtained the name of Dorci Ceastre, of which the modern Dorchester is a contraction. Under that people it continued to flourish, and was the first episcopal see erected in the kingdom of the West Saxons, by Cynegils, who, having been converted to Christianity by Birinus, an Italian missionary, was baptized at this place, and, on the establishment of the see, appointed Birinus bishop. Birinus, having presided over the see for fourteen years, died, and was interred in his own church: he was succeeded by Agilbert, a native of Gaul, who was appointed bishop by Kenwalch; but the same monarch, having founded a church at Winchester, removed the see to that place, from which, however, in 670, it was again transferred to Dorchester. The town suffered materially during the frequent ravages of the Danes, but still retained its importance as the head of a see, during the continuance of the Saxon heptarchy. King Athelstan held a great council here in 938, when he granted a charter to the abbey of Malmesbury, dated from this place, which is there styled the celebrated city of Cornacestre. At the time of the Conquest, William passed through Dorchester, with his army, on his route to Oxford, and, being soon afterwards quietly seated on the throne, appointed Remigius, of Feschamp, in Normandy, bishop of the see, which, subsequently on the removal of the sees to fortified cities, was transferred to Lincoln. With the removal of the see this place lost its importance, and decayed so rapidly that William of Malmesbury, who wrote about the year 1140, describes it as small and thinly inhabited; its market has long been discontinued, and it is at the present time only an inconsiderable village.

The parish comprises 1925a. 1r. 30p., nearly equally divided between pasture and arable land. The village is situated on the banks of the river Thame, over which is a stone bridge, at a short distance to the north of the confluence of the stream with the Isis; it retains many characteristics of its former importance, and the surrounding scenery is richly varied. A fair is held on Easter-Tuesday. The living is a perpetual curacy; net income, £100; patron, General Burrows: the tithes were commuted for land and a money payment in 1775. The church, formerly the church of the priory, is an ancient and highly-interesting structure of various periods, combining every variety of style, from the later Norman to the later English, with a tower at the west end: the interior possesses many features of elegance and beauty. There are several monuments to the Segrave family and others, a spirited effigy of a crusader, and a recumbent figure of the Stonor family, supposed to be that of Judge Stonor, in the reign of Edward III.; and the floor of the chancel is inlaid with brasses to some of the abbots of Dorchester. The ancient font, partly of lead on a stone pedestal, sculptured with intersecting Norman arches, and with the history of Birinus, is still preserved; and near the south porch is a cross. A grammar school, founded in 1656 by John Fettiplace, of Swinbrooke, has an endowment of £10 per annum.

A priory of Black canons was founded here in 1140, by Alexander, Bishop of Lincoln, and dedicated to St. Peter, St. Paul, and St. Birinus: it flourished till the Dissolution, when its revenue was estimated at £219. 12. The remains include part of the church, incorporated with the present parish church, and part of the conventual buildings, appropriated to the use of the grammar school; but the principal portion is at a small distance to the north of the church, consisting of the foundations of massive walls, indicating the site of a spacious quadrangle, round which were ranged the conventual buildings, now converted into barns of curious and picturesque character. The only military work remaining is that called Dyke Hill, which by some antiquaries is supposed to be Roman, and to have been raised to defend the passage of the rivers Thame and Isis; and by others to be only the outworks of the fortification on Long Witenham Hill, on the other side of the river, in the county of Berks. A few years since, a Roman altar of stone, three feet high, and two feet nine inches broad, was found some feet under ground, bearing an inscription. A pure gold ring was found in 1736, in the garden behind the church, with a cornelian, on which was engraved a mitre above an altar, and on the inside of the ring was the date 636, when Birinus was consecrated bishop. Dorchester gives the title of Baron to the family of Carleton.

From: A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 69-78.
URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50924.
Date accessed: 22 August 2008.
____


Wittenham, Little (St. Peter)

WITTENHAM, LITTLE (St. Peter), a parish, in the union of Wallingford, hundred of Ock, county of Berks, 4¼ miles (N. W. by N.)
from Wallingford; containing 125 inhabitants, and comprising 869a. 2r. 19p. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books
at £17. 10.; net income, £400; patron, the Rev. F. J. Hilliard. The church contains monuments to the Dunche family. Sinodun Hill,
in the neighbourhood, is surrounded by an ancient intrenchment supposed to be British, and to have been afterwards occupied by
the Romans, Roman antiquities being found occasionally.

From: A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 636-639.
URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51420.
Date accessed: 22 August 2008.
____


The 1871 census shows that Ada had other older siblings. The children in the household of Thomas and Adelaide Wheeler in 1871 are 10 year old Alfred and 4 year old Rosa, both born in Dorchester. Also in the household is 1 year old Frederick who is in the 1881 and 1891 census enumerations.

In 1871 the family is shown to be living in the Toll House, Dorchester. Thomas’s occupation is that of an agricultural labourer, while Adelaide was employed as a gate keeper.

The transcription is from Ancestry.com:


1871 England Census

Civil Parish: West Lockinge
Town: Dorchester
County/Island: Oxfordshire
Country: England

Street Address: Toll House

Registration district: Wallingford
Sub registration district: Cholsey
ED, institution, or vessel: 7
Household schedule number: 114

Name, Relation to Head of Household, Condition as to Marriage, Sex, Age, Occupation, Where Born

Thomas Wheeler, Head, Married, Male, 35, Ag Lab, Dorchester Oxon
Adelaide Wheeler, Wife, Married, Female, 34, Toll Gate Keeper, Dorchester Oxon
Alfred Wheeler, Son, Male, 10, Tailor's Apprentice, Dorchester Oxon
Rosa Wheeler, Daughter, Female, 4, Scholar, Dorchester Oxon
Frederick Wheeler, Son, Male, 1, Dorchester Oxon
____


Below are the GRO indexes for Alfred William Wheeler and Rosa Wheeler. Their full birth records will confirm the names of their parents:


Births Jun 1861

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

WHEELER Alfred William Wallingford 2c 295
____


Births Mar 1867

Surname First name(s) Age District Vol Page

Wheeler Rosa Wallingford 2c 312
____


The 1861 census shows that, born some 13 years before Ada Maria, is another daughter of Thomas and Adelaide named Eliza.

Eliza is shown to be 2 years old in 1861, placing her year of birth circa 1858-1859. She is the only child in the household of Thomas and Adelaide, who are living in a location called the Manor House, Dorchester, Oxfordshire.

The census transcription below was discovered at the Ancestry.com website:


1861 England Census

Civil Parish: Dorchester
Ecclesiastical parish: Oxford
County/Island: Oxfordshire
Country: England

Street Address or Place: Manor House

Registration district: Wallingford
Sub registration district: Cholsey
ED, institution, or vessel: 7
Household schedule number: 116

Name, Relation to Head of Household, Condition as to Marriage, Sex, Age, Occupation, Where Born

Thomas Wheeler, Head, Married, Male, 25, Ag Lab, Dorchester Oxon
Adelaide Wheeler, Wife, Married, Female, 24, Dorchester Oxon
Eliza Wheeler, Daughter, Female, 2, Dorchester Oxon
____


Next is the GRO birth index for an Eliza Wheeler. The index shows her birth recorded in the March quarter of 1859 in the Wallingford Registration District. The full birth record would reveal weather her parents were Thomas Wheeler and Adelaide Jacobs:



Births Mar 1859

Surname First name(s) Age District Vol Page

WHEELER Eliza Wallingford 2c 320
____


The following is the GRO marriage index for Thomas Wheeler and Adelaide Jacobs. The marriage took place in the March quarter of 1857 and can be found in Volume 2c, Page 425 of the GRO registers. The full marriage record should name the fathers of Thomas and Adelaide:


Marriages Mar 1857

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

Jacobs Adelaide Wallingford 2c 425
Wheeler Thomas Wallingford 2c 425
____


Because the Wheeler family are shown to have been born in Dorchester, Oxfordhsire, you may be interested in searching for their baptism and marriage records in the parish registers for Dorchester. The LDS have filmed the Church of England registers of baptism for Dorchester for the years 1813-1862; for marriages covering the years 1813-1837; and for banns of marriage for 1856-1894.

All of the microfilms can be ordered from the Family History Center.

Below is information and microfilms for the Dorchester Church of England:


Parish registers, Church of England. Parish Church of Dorchester (Oxfordshire):

Baptisms 1813-1862 FHL BRITISH Film 993596 Item 7

Marriages 1813-1837 FHL BRITISH Film 993596 Item 9

Banns 1856-1894 FHL BRITISH Film 993596 Item 6
____


After locating the GRO marriage index for Thomas Wheeler and Adelaide, I wanted to see if I could find more information about their respective parents and siblings in the English census records and GRO indexes.

I found a 14 year old Thomas Wheeler residing in the household of his parents, 45 year old John, a farm labourer from Upton Berkshire, and 45 year old Sarah, from Drayton, Oxford. I believe this may be the Thomas Wheeler who would marry Adelaide Jacobs in the future.

The address of the household in a copy of the original census, appears to read “Bottle & Pop.”

Also In the household are John and Sarah’s other children, 23 Wellington Wheeler; 12 year old Matilda Wheeler; and 9 year old John Wheeler. All the children were born in Dorchester.

The census transcription below comes from Ancestry.com:


1851 England Census

Civil Parish: Dorchester
Ecclesiastical parish: Oxford
County/Island: Oxfordshire
Country: England

Street Address: Bottle & Pop?

Registration district: Wallingford
Sub registration district: Cholsey
ED, institution, or vessel: 14
Household schedule number: 3

Name, Relation to Head of Household, Condition as to Marriage, Sex, Age, Occupation, Where Born

John Wheeler, Head, Married, Male, 45, Farm Labourer, Upton Berkshire
Sarah Wheeler, Wife, Married, Female, 45, Drayton Oxon
Wellington Wheeler, Son, Unmarried, Male, 23, Dorchester Oxon
Thomas Wheeler, Son, Unmarried, Male, 14, Farm Labourer, Dorchester Oxon
Matilda Wheeler, Daughter, Unmarried, Female, 12, Scholar, Dorchester Oxon
John Wheeler, Son, Male, 9, Errand Boy, Dorchester Oxon
____


In the household enumerated directly before that of John and Sarah Wheeler, is the household of 73 year old Joseph Wheeler, a farm labourer from Lockings, Berkshire; and his wife, 76 year old Mary Wheeler, also from Lockings. Joseph and Mary could be John Wheeler’s parents:


Civil Parish: Dorchester
Ecclesiastical parish: Oxford
County/Island: Oxfordshire
Country: England

Street Address: Bottle & Pop?

Registration district: Wallingford
Sub registration district: Cholsey
ED, institution, or vessel: 14
Household schedule number: 2

Name, Relation to Head of Household, Condition as to Marriage, Sex, Age, Occupation, Where Born

Joseph Wheeler, Head, Married, Male, 73, Farm Labourer, Lockinge Berks
Mary Wheeler, Wife, Married, Female, 76, Lockinge Berks
____


I looked for Thomas’s GRO birth index, but did not find it. He was likely born before civil registration commenced in England in July of 1837. But I did locate the GRO birth index for a Matilda Wheeler. This index may refer to the daughter of John and Sarah:

Births Sep 1838

Surname First name(s) District Vol Page

WHEELER Matilda Wallingford 6 225
____


I didn’t find a GRO birth index for a John Wheeler registered in the Wallingford district.

But I did find the Wheeler family in the 1841 census at the Ancestry.com website, living in the town of Overy, Dorchester, Oxfordhsire. No location or street address is given for their residence in the town.

John and wife Sarah Wheeler are shown to be 36 years old. Their children include 15 year old Elizabeth, 13 year old Wellington, 10 year old Sarah, 8 year old Hannah, 6 year old Thomas, 3 year old Matilda, and 8 month old John. Only the older John Wheeler is shown to have been born out of the county:


1841 England Census

Township: Overy
Civil Parish: Dorchester
Hundred: Dorchester
County/Island: Oxfordshire
Country: England

Street Address:

Registration district: Wallingford
Sub registration district: Cholsey

Name, Age, Sex, Occupation, Whether Born in Same County

John Wheeler, 36, Male, Ag Lab, No
Sarah Wheeler, 36, Female, Yes
Elizabeth Wheeler, 15, Female, Yes
Wellington Wheeler, 13, Male, Ag Lab, Yes
Sarah Wheeler, 10, Female, Yes
Hannah Wheeler, 8, Female, Yes
Thomas Wheeler, 6, Male, Yes
Matilda Wheeler, 3, Female, Yes
John Wheeler, 8 Mo, Male, Yes
____


Overy in the 1840s would have been a very small community, as I located the description for the hamlet in Lewis’s Topographical Dictionary of England which shows that in 1848, there were only “38 inhabitants.”


Overy

OVERY, a hamlet, in the parish, union, and hundred of Dorchester, Dorchester division of the county of Dorset; containing 38 inhabitants.

From: A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 498-500.
URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51199.
Date accessed: 23 August 2008.
____



The 1851 census shows that John Wheeler was born in Upton, Berkshire and that Sarah was born in Drayton, Oxfordshire.

I located an index at the LDS website which may refer to John and Sarah’s church marriage. The index shows the marriage of a John Wheeler and Sarah Honey in the Drayton Near Wallingford Church of England on 29 September 1824:


JOHN WHEELER
Male

Event(s):
Birth:
Christening:
Death:
Burial:

Marriages:
Spouse: SARAH HONEY
Marriage: 29 SEP 1824 Drayton Near Wallingford, Oxford, England

Messages:
Extracted marriage record for locality listed in the record.
The source records are usually arranged chronologically by the marriage date.

Source Information:
Batch No.: M047301
Dates: 1813 - 1855
Film Number: 0095240 = Bishop's transcripts for Drayton, near Wallingford, Oxford:
Baptisms, marriages and burials, 1662-1857.

Printout Call No.: 6907319 = Computer printout of Drayton near Wallingford, Oxon., Eng:
Marriages, A thru Z, 1813-1855.

Printout Call No.: 6907318 = Computer printout of Drayton near Wallingford, Oxon., Eng:
Births and christenings, A thru Z 1813-1857
____


The full marriage record can be found on LDS microfilm number 0095240 for the Drayton Near Wallingford Bishop’s Transcripts. The marriage can also be found in the computer printout of the Bishop’s transcripts for Drayton Near Wallingford on film number 6907318.

Below is the description of Upton, Berkshire, followed by a description of Drayton, Oxford, located five miles from Wallingford. Both entries are from Lewis’s Topographical Dictionary of England:


Upton

UPTON, a chapelry, in the parish of Blewberry, union of Wantage, hundred of Moreton, county of Berks, 4¾ miles (N. N. E.) from East Ilsley; containing, with the liberty of Nottingham-Fee, 284 inhabitants, and an area of 1330a. 3r. 30p. The chapel is a very ancient edifice.

From: Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 420-422.
URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51363.
Date accessed: 23 August 2008.
____


Drayton (St. Leonard)

DRAYTON (St. Leonard), a parish, in the union of Abingdon, hundred of Dorchester, county of Oxford, 5 miles (N.) from Wallingford; containing 327 inhabitants. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the gift of the Dean and Canons of Christ-Church, Oxford, whose tithes here have been commuted for £325; a payment of £16. 5. is made to certain impropriators.

From: A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 88-91.
URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50927.
Date accessed: 23 August 2008.



ADELAIDE JACOBS


The age of Adelaide Wheeler in the 1861-1881 census returns indicates she was born circa 1836-1837. I looked for her GRO birth index, but did not find it. She was most likely born before civil registration began in July of 1837.

Adelaide married Thomas Wheeler in the march quarter of 1857, according to the GRO index seen earlier. This means she should be enumerated under her maiden name in the 1851 and 1841 enumerations.

I looked for Adelaide in the 1851 census for Oxfordshire but did not find her. I also looked for her in nearby Berkshire, but again the search was unsuccessful. But, I did find a 14 year old Adelaide Jacobs living in the household of 51 year old Elizabeth Hart at 334 Oxford Street, St. James, Westminster, London. I can’t make out the full occupation for Elizabeth Hart, as a portion of her job description is crossed through by an enumerator’s mark, but the portion of the occupation that is readable states that she is employed in a “Baby Warehouse,” or at least, that’s what it appears to read.

Adelaide was employed by Elizabeth Hart as a servant.

Also in the residence are Elizabeth’s niece and nephew. These are 16 year old Mary Ann Hart and 1 year old Joseph Hart.

The enumeration was found at the Ancestry.com website:


1851 England Census

Civil Parish: Westminster St James
County/Island: Middlesex
Country: England

Street Address: 334 Oxford Street

Registration district: St James Westminster
Sub registration district: Golden Square
ED, institution, or vessel: 1
Household schedule number: 5

Name, Relation to Head of Household, Condition as to Marriage, Sex, Age, Occupation, Where Born

Elizabeth Hart, Head, Unmarried, Female, 51, Baby ? Warehouse, Middlesex London St. Olaves
Mary Ann Hart, Niece, Unmarried, Female, 16, Shop Assistant, Middlesex London St. John’s
Joseph Hart, Nephew, Unmarried, Male, 1, Surrey Lambeth
Adalaid Jacobs, Servant, Unmarried, Female, 14, Servant, Oxfordshire Dorchester
____


I next found Adelaide Jacobs and her family in the 1841 census. This census shows that 4 year old Adelaide, her 40 year old father William, an agricultural labourer; 40 year old mother Mary, and four older siblings were living in the Dorchester parish, Oxfordhsire. No street address or location for the residence in Dorchester is listed in the census.

The census does show however that Adelaide’s parents were born out of the county.

In the census Adelaide’s first name is spelled “Adilade.

The transcription below is from Ancestry.com:


1841 England Census

Civil Parish: Dorchester
Hundred: Dorchester
County/Island: Oxfordshire
Country: England

Registration district: Wallingford
Sub registration district: Cholsey

Name, Age, Sex, Occupation, Whether Born in Same County

William Jacobs, 40, Male, Agricultural Labourer, No
Mary Jacobs, Female, 40, No
James Jacobs, 18, Male, Yes
Emma Jacobs 15, Female, Yes
Joseph Jacobs, 7, Male, Yes
Maria Jacobs, 12, Female, Yes
Adilade Jacobs, 4, Female, Yes
____


I looked for the church marriage index of William and Mary Jacobs at the LDS website to see if I could learn what Mary’s maiden name was. I didn’t find the index, however.

I then looked for the family in the 1851 census, to see if I could learn where William and Mary Jacobs were born.

I found them in the 1851 census (Adelaide was working for Elizabeth Hart in London in 1851) living in an address of Bottle & Pop, Dorchester, Oxfordhsire.

If you recall, Bottle & Pop was also the location in the 1851 census for the residence of the family of John and Sarah Wheeler, and the couple who may have been John Wheeler’s parents, Joseph and Mary Wheeler.

Concerning the Jacobs family the 1851 census shows that William was born in Stadhampton. The enumerator placed a question mark after Stadhampton, questioning, I figure, whether this was the correct name for the town. No county is listed for Stadhampton, though as you will see later, it is located in Berkshire.

William’s wife Mary is shown to have been born in Ickford, Berkshire. In the household with William and Mary are their two children, 15 year old Joseph and 10 year old Henry. Also in the household is William and Mary’s 6 year old grandson William. All the children were born in Dorchester.

The transcription below is from Ancestry.com:


1851 England Census

Civil Parish: Dorchester
Ecclesiastical parish: Oxford
County/Island: Oxfordshire
Country: England

Street Address or Place: Bottle & Pop

Registration district: Wallingford
Sub registration district: Cholsey
ED, institution, or vessel: 14
Household schedule number: 13

Name, Relation to Head of Household, Condition as to Marriage, Sex, Age, Occupation, Where Born

Willm Jacobs, Head, Married, Male, 51, Farm Labourer, Stadhampton?
Mary Jacobs, Wife, Married, Female, 50, Ickford, Berkshire
Joseph Jacobs, Son, Not Married, Male, 15, Farm Labourer, Dorchester
Henr Jacobs, Son, Male, 10, Scholar, Dorchester
Willm Jacobs, Grandson, Male, 6, Dorchester
____


Next is the description of Stadhampton, Oxfordshire from Lewis’s Topographical Dictionary of England:

Stadhampton (St. John the Baptist)

STADHAMPTON (St. John the Baptist), a parish, in the union of Abingdon, hundred of Dorchester, county of Oxford, 5 miles (N.)
from Bensington; containing 384 inhabitants, and comprising 609a. 1r. 27p. The living is a perpetual curacy, incorporated with
that of Chislehampton. In the churchyard is a remarkably fine yew-tree. There is a place of worship for Particular Baptists.
John Owen, D.D., the learned nonconformist, dean of Christ-Church, and vice-chancellor of the university of Oxford in the time
of the Commonwealth, was born here; and Wilmot, Earl of Rochester, is supposed to have been also a native.

From: A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 164-170.
URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51293.
Date accessed: 23 August 2008.
____


The following is a description of Ickford, Berkshire and Buckinghamshire:


Ickford (St. Nicholas)

ICKFORD (St. Nicholas), a parish, in the union of Thame, partly in the hundred of Ewelme, county of Oxford, but chiefly in that of Ashendon, county of Buckingham, 4¼ miles (W. by N.) from Thame; containing, with the hamlet of Draycott, 386 inhabitants. This is supposed by some writers to be the place where the treaty between Edward and the Danes was signed, in 907. The parish comprises 1133a. 1r. 3p., of which 820a. 3r. 13p. are pasture, and 312a. 1r. 30p. arable land. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at £9. 9. 7.; net income, £392; patron, the Rev. J. C. Townsend. Here is a place of worship for Baptists. Calybute Downing, a celebrated divine in the seventeenth century, and Gilbert Sheldon, afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury, were rectors of the parish, to which, during his incumbency, the latter presented part of the communion-plate.

From: A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 600-603.
URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51059.
Date accessed: 23 August 2008.
____


Kevin, before ordering any records of interest from the GRO, or records on microfilm from the Family History Center, I recommend you access the same GRO indexes and LDS transcriptions that I did, to see if you agree that these entries may pertain to your ancestors. You may also find other GRO indexes pertaining to your ancestors that I missed

I have not been researching the Gardners, Wheelers, and Jacobs families, and so I can’t be entirely sure the information I found about them in at the FreeBMD and LDS websites, pertains to them. Information from these sites should be used as finding aids until more research can be done concering the individual families.

Most of the census transcriptions, as you saw, are from the Ancestry.com subscription website. The exceptions are the 1881 enumerations from the LDS website.

I also recommend you access these as well. If you do not want to purchase a subscription to Ancestry.com, check with the libraries near your home to see if a subscription is available for patrons to use.

Best Wishes,

Dave Boylan

Re: George Frederick GARDNER/GARDINER & Ada Maria WHEELER - Long Wittenham

Posted: 24 Aug 2008 2:41PM GMT
Classification: Query
Edited: 24 Aug 2008 7:12PM GMT
Surnames: WHEELER,
Hi Dave:

Thanks VERY much for all the details and information that you had provided on my family. As well, your suggestions and guidance are graciously appreciated.

I now have much material to sort through and hope that someday, a direct descendant of this family will contact me.

With thanks & In appreciation,
Kevin.

Re: George Frederick GARDNER/GARDINER & Ada Maria WHEELER - Long Wittenham

Posted: 24 Aug 2008 3:34PM GMT
Classification: Query
You're welcome Kevin.

Best of Luck,

Dave
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