Yes - les Filles du Roi came in waves over a period of about 9 yrs ... see: http://www.civilization.ca/vmnf/popul/filles/s-fil-en.htm
for more information about this topic.
Unlike Australia, that was a bona fide penal colony in whole and not in part - Quebec was a penal colony for a very short period of time, where France attempted to dump it's problems on the new colony however the new colony pushed back and said no. Needless to say no one wanted to "promote" the new colony as a place where "problems" were sent so it was done very much on the "down low" and because of the problems engendered by this sort of people, it was soon ended.
There isn't much information about this period of time (1722-1725) nor is there much information about Quebec's history with slavery.
If you read French there are some excellent books out there that speak about Quebec's history in these matters - one of my favorites is "Mythes et realites dans l'histoire du Quebec" by Marcel Trudel ...
Quebec - like other nations would probably prefer that aspects of its history not be remembered or highlighted (such as during the 30s and 40s when Quebec was quite facist and anti-semitic) ... like Canada would prefer not to think on the it's strategic bommbing campaign during WWII and the enduring controversy of this (see: http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/media/bg_history_e.html
) ... or as the United States is currently creating its history with Guantanamo Bay, Iraq, rendition, spying on its own people, etc etc ...