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Campion pre-1800

Replies: 17

Re: surname Campion

Posted: 26 Jan 2011 2:43PM GMT
Classification: Query
Edited: 15 Jan 2012 6:26AM GMT
Surnames: Campion, Campione, Champion, Champain, Championnet
Hello J. Reed
Information on the name of Campion:
This name, with variant spellings Campion, Campione, Champion, Champain and Championnet, has two distinct possible origins, the first and most likely being an occupational name for a professional Champion, deriving from the Old Norman-French "campiun" or "campion" (Old French "champiun"), a champion or professional fighter employed to represent one of the parties to a suit in a trial by combat. (In an ordeal by battle the accuser and the accused took the field themselves). The surname is believed to have been introduced into England by followers of William the Conqueror after the Norman Invasion of 1066. Early recordings of the surname include: Herbert Campion (Hampshire, 1148); Geoffrey Champiun (Northamptonshire, 1154); Roger le Campion (Oxfordshire, 1197); and William le Champiun (Suffolk, 1220). The second possibility is that the name is locational from a place in Picardy (Northern France), called Compiegne. A family of the name in Witham, Essex, claim descent from the noble recorded below who accompanied Robert 11, Duke of Normandy, on the First Crusade. One member of this family was Edmund Campion (1540 - 1581), the Jesuit Martyr. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Nicole de Campion, which was dated 1096 - 1099, in "Records of the First Crusade", during the reign of King William 11, known as "Rufus", 1087 - 1100. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Best wishes!
SubjectAuthorDate Posted
grove27 15 Aug 2013 9:56PM GMT 
Lauren000ful 26 Jan 2011 9:38PM GMT 
bobread159 3 Oct 2010 2:50AM GMT 
jreed37a 28 Oct 2010 8:34PM GMT 
Lauren000ful 26 Jan 2011 9:43PM GMT 
Lauren000ful 26 Jan 2011 9:31PM GMT 
bilston26 18 Jul 2012 4:00PM GMT 
GaryFisher195... 17 Apr 2013 1:33PM GMT 
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