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Frontier Texas Cavalry vs. Texas Indians

Replies: 2

Frontier Texas Cavalry vs. Texas Indians

Posted: 5 Nov 2005 5:49AM GMT
Classification: Query
Surnames: shipman
I have posted a message on the Civil War board researching this group in hopes of proving John Turner Shipman was in fact enlisted in this Regiment. I think maybe this is the board I need to post on instead.

Here is my prevouis post:

Im researching the group title Frontier Texas Cavalry. I was hoping to prove John Turner Shipman did in fact join this outfit.

I have looked briefly over the internet for info on this group but to no avail. I have attached the info I found from another reearcher.

Has anyone came across this in there research?

(John Turner Shipman is the focus of my research)



Here is the passage I received from another researcher:

1. After Charity Moon Shipman died, John Turner Shipman apparently felt a need to get involved with helping to protect his young family from Indian depredations, so he joined the Frontier Texas Cavalry.

2. In 1863 John Turner Shipman joined the Civil War as a confederate soldier in the Frontier Texas Cavalry which was unofficially known by its regiment under Col. James Ebenezer McCord's Cavalry, Captain John T. Rollands Company, until the close of the war in 1865, (Info. from the Conf. Pension Application) (Note from Mrs. Corey: There was also a J.M. Shipman stationed in Co. E, McCord's Frontier Regiment, Texas Cavalry, Confederate, Private.)

(Note:Also in the Frontier Texas Cavalry were other regiments including James N. Norris' Cavalry. Information sent from the Library at Hillsboro, Tx.....
"FRONTIER TEXAS CAVALRY", The Frontier Texas Cavalry was organized by order of the Texas State Legislature in order to `constitute a command for the special protection of the frontier against Indian depredations.' The unit was organized in late 1862 and accepted into Texas state service on January 1, 1863. It remained in state service until finally mustered into Confederate service on May 25, 1864. From that date onward, the regiment was sometimes incorrectly known as the Forty-Sixth (46th) Cavalry. This numeric designation was unofficial and it had no standing with the Confederate War Department in Richmond... Even though the regiment spent more than a year and a half in state service, it nevertheless was assigned to various Confederate higher commands. Authority over the regiment was complex and difficult at best during this period and, on at least two occasions before the unit actually entered Confederate service, Trans-Mississippi authorities requested that state authorities turn the regiment over to them.

The list below identifies the specific higher command assignments of the regiment both before and after it entered Confederate service.
June 6, 1863 Cavalry, Western Sub-District, District of Texas,
New Mexico, and Arizona, Trans-Mississippi Department

March 28, 1863 Attached, District of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona,
Trans-Mississippi Department

June 30, 1864 Fort Belknap, Texas, District of Texas, New Mexico, and
Arizona, Trans-Mississippi Department

Dec. 31, 1864 Eighth Texas Cavalry Brigade, Third Texas Cavalry
Division, Third Corps, Army of Trans-Mississippi

April 30, 1865 Attached, Central Sub-District, District of Texas,
New Mexico, and Arizona, Trans-Mississippi Department

During its career, the Frontier Texas Cavalry operated against Indians as set out in its conditions of enlistment. At one time, at least, it also operated against deserters and renegades along the Trinity River.

Listed below are the engagements in which the regiment took part. Without a doubt, it is an incomplete listing. The unit took part in a large number of small affairs against Indians. The names of most of the events have not been recorded. The numbers after the engagements listed below locate them on map following this history.

(1)Expedition against Comanches on the Wichita River, Tx...Jan. 15-?, 1863
Operations against Indians in Western Texas.............May 1-25, 1863
Skirmish, Hondo River, Tx...............................May 8, 1864 (2)Operations along the Trinity River, Tx..................May 15-June ?, 1864 (3)Skirmish, Elm Creek, Tx.................................Oct. 13, 1864 (4)Operations against Indians near Fort Belknap, Tx........Oct 13-20, 1864
Action, Dove Creek, Tx..................................Jan. 8, 1865

At one point during its career, the Frontier Texas Cavalry numbered more than five hundred (500) officers and enlisted men. It is probable that, earlier in its career, its strength was even more. After long and hard service many members of the regiment left the command, and, by the end of December, 1864, its strength was reported as only eleven (11) officers and one hundred and five (105) enlisted men."

"Early in 1865, Trans-Mississippi authorities ordered the regiment to report for duty on the Texas coast. It is doubtful if the unit ever complied with this order, however. It had been organized to serve against Indians in the western part of the state and all other efforts to move the regiment to the coast had been met with difficulties and, on at least one occasion, desertions.

"The Frontier Texas Cavalry was included among the Trans-Mississippi forces who surrendered at Galveston on June 2, 1865. It appears to have disbanded prior to that date, however, even though detachments of the command appear to have remained on service in west Texas until finally relieved by returning Federal forces in the late summer and fall of 1865."

(Note by Mrs. Corey: This information was sent typed and listed as pages 499-501, but no book title given, so this may possibly have been someone's college dissertation or some such, which was sent to me by the researchers at Hillsboro, Tx.)

The book "Frontier Regiment" page 55 states of McCord's group..
"Two additional reasons concerned conditions along the northwest frontier. Captain Rowland, statioined in Montague County, expressed the view that the citizens along his part of the line feared an onslaught of Indians if so many of the regiment were sent on an extended expedition. Lastly, confirmation of plans for massive raids into the counties just south of the Red River came to the governor from an unusual source, General Magruder, headquartered in Houston. Magruder heard rumors of such plans and requested Governor Lubbock to concentrate the Frontier Regiment at Fort Belknap where, where under Confederate officers and authority and aware fo the logistical nightmare of concentrating the regiment for an unspecified length of time for a raid that might not materialize, Lubbock cautioned McCord not to yield control to Confederate command but to be ready to concentrate at Belknap if the need arose.

"McCords change of policy brought immediate results. Within months the Frontier Regiment fought more engagements with Indians and captured more horses than at any time previously. Yet in the fall of 1863 the regiment faced another problem never before encountered by Rangers on the frontier, the job of policing the frontier counties for men who evaded the conscription laws. The duty entailed arresting draft evaders and deserters and returning themover to the proper authorities. This seemingly secondary role for teh regiment quickly expanded, as the problem escalated among state and Confederate forces across all of north Texas and the northwestern Indian frontier. Even the omnipresent Indian menace receded in importance as attention turned to deserters and concomitant problems."
SubjectAuthorDate Posted
Kelly Perez 5 Nov 2005 12:49PM GMT 
num10brady1 4 Apr 2012 12:47AM GMT 
Kelly Perez 4 Apr 2012 4:57PM GMT 
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