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Help Interpreting Compiled Civil War Military Records - Confederate

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Help Interpreting Compiled Civil War Military Records - Confederate

Judy (View posts)
Posted: 31 Aug 2005 10:29AM GMT
Classification: Query
Surnames: Coker
We received compiled military records from the archives for our confederate ancestor, Asa Coker, who lived in Union Parish, LA. Now we are having some challenges understanding exactly what it all means. Surprise!

He enlisted in the LA 12th Infantry, Company E in March 1863. His Company Muster Roll show him present for March and April 1863 with pay due from enlistment. Then May and June 1863 he was absent without leave in Vicksburg. Then July and August 1863, Absent: Captured at Vicksburg July 4, 1863.

From that information do we assume that he was present for the battles of Champion Hill and Black Creek(?) or that he was one of the soldiers who was sent into or managed to get into Vicksburg prior to Champion Hill? Or, was he one of the soldiers who retreated into Vicksburg from Champion Hill? Are there any records showing the names of the soldiers who were in Vicksburg and their circumstances for getting there?

Then, we have a copy of the Roll of Prisoners of War dated July 10, 1863 showing he was captured at Vicksburg on July 4, 1863. We also have a copy of the List of officers and men belonging to Allen's Brigade who have reported in Camp for Exchange. This document is not dated.

He signed the Parole conditions and stipulation on July 6, 1863.

His Confederate Muster Roll shows him as "absent. Captured in Vicksburg July 4, 63. Now absent" for the months from July 1863 through December 1863. There are no Muster Rolls for Jan - April 1864. May-August 1864 the Muster Rolls show him as "absent: Captured at Vicksburg July 4, 63. now absent in LA on parole."

There are no Muster Rolls from Sept 1864 through 1865, with one exception. There is a "not dated" Muster Roll showing the parole of officers and men in accordance with the terms of a Military Convention entered into on the 26th day of April, 1865 etc. Then it states: "Paroled at Greensboro, North Carolina, 1865." The line for Present or absent says: "not stated". There are no remarks.

From all of that, can we assume that he wasn't exchanged until sometime around May 1864? Then, that he violated the terms of the Vicksburg parole and reported back for duty to the LA 12th some time after August 1864 to be paroled at Greensboro, N.C. in 1865?

In addition, the Muster Rolls never show that he was actually paid any money for his enlistment or service. They just reiterate the information, "Last Paid: (blank); By whom: "Pay due from enlistment"; To what time: (blank). Is it possible that he never received any compensation from the Confederacy for his service and prisoner of war time?

Thank you for any guidance or information on how to interpret the records.

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