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bio War of 1812-14 Vermont & New York

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bio War of 1812-14 Vermont & New York

Posted: 22 Aug 2003 9:50AM GMT
Classification: Military
Edited: 26 Sep 2003 6:10PM GMT
Surnames: Chittenden, Gadcomb, Hampton, Macdonough
On page 5
<snip> At the outbreak of the war, after Congress had authorized the President to detach and organize 100,000 men for federal service, and the Secretary of War had apportioned 3000 to Vermont, the state promptly responded to the requisition, and Adjutant General David Fay, by command of Governor Galusha, ordered out four regiments of ten companies each, which were in service at Plattsburgh by September, 1812. <snip>

On page 6
Within the state [of Vermont] the people were not prepared for war. The northern towns lived in constant fear of Indian incursions from Canada, and many citizens abandoned their houses and farms. Though the fear seems to have been unfounded, a small detachment of troops was stationed at North Troy, and the selectmen of several towns furnished and supported guards for the frontier villages of Troy, Derby and Canaan.

On November 6, 1812, the legislature authorized the raising of a volunteer corps of sixty-eight companies (two brigades) for the service of the Federal Government, and by 1814 the entire male population of Vermont-aged from sixteen to sixty-volunteered for service on the occasion of the invasion of Plattsburg, though only those who lived nearby reached Plattsburg in time to engage in the battle. But there were scattering detachments that saw service elsewhere outside the state, principally in the campaign of 1814 on the Niagara frontier; and such men as were in that campaign served in the brigade under the immediate command of General Winfield Scott in the battles of Chippewa Plain and Lundy's Lane, and under Major General Brown in the terrific night battle of Fort Erie, August 15, 1814. For the most part, the Vermonters who served in the Regular Army were in the 11th, 26th, 30th and 31st Infantry. The 11th was organized in 1812, and served for the duration of the war-nearly three years. The other three were organized in the spring of 1813, to serve for one year, though a remnant of the 30th and 31st was in the Battle of Plattsburg in September, 1814.

The plan of 1812 campaign was to garrison coast fortifications with local militia together with some Regulars while the main forces invaded Canada from Detroit and Niagara. The Plattsburg army was designed to protect the Vermont and New York frontiers, and therefore, nearly one-half its strength was recruited from Vermont. <snip>

On page 7
In November, 1813, a portion of the militia of the third brigade and third division of Vermont militia, under Lieutenant Colonel Luther Dixon, crossed the Lake into New York and put themselves under Hampton's command. But Governor Chittenden, who was opposed to the war in the first place, and who believed that the militia should be employed only within the state 'to suppress insurrections and repel invasions' ordered them to return. But the entire militia was thoroughly disgusted with the Governor's proclamation, and Captain Sanford Gadcomb drew up a reply, signed by all the officers. <snip>
Nevertheless the militia returned before their service had expired, and no further notice was taken of the transaction. Without more notable incident the northern campaign of 1813 ended. <snip>

On page 8
Through the early months of 1814 there were frequent British marauding expeditions upon the northern frontier, but never did the encounters break into extensive hostilities. On the Lake, however, the war assumed a serious complexion. On May 14th, the British fleet opened fire on the battery at the mouth of Otter Creek, where Commander Macdonough, descending the river with his sloop of war and several galleys, forced the enemy to retreat without losing a man. A few days later Macdonough entered the Lake with his fleet and anchored at Cumberland Bay. At the same time Vermonters were enlisting in the Plattsburg army, attached to the 30th and 31st U.S. Regulars, and on the 11th of September the double battle-on land and water-took place. The ridiculously small and ill-trained land forces astonished the nation and the world by defeating a superior British force; and Commander, now Captain, Macdonough in a naval battle which still ranks as one of the major sea encounters in American history, effectively put an end to the British expectations of success across the American frontier, and thus hastened the treaty of peace which was signed on December 24th of the same year. T.H.J."

Source is "State of Vermont ROSTER of SOLDIERS in the War of 1812-14," prepared and published under the direction of Herbert T. Johnson, The Adjutant General, 1933.
Transcribed by Jan
SubjectAuthorDate Posted
jjrosenberger 22 Aug 2003 3:50PM GMT 
jjrosenberger 22 Aug 2003 5:14PM GMT 
Karen Bush 25 Aug 2003 12:05AM GMT 
jjrosenberger 25 Aug 2003 12:48AM GMT 
jjrosenberger 30 May 2012 10:58PM GMT 
Rhoda Turner 19 Dec 2003 11:30PM GMT 
JanEJordan65 19 Dec 2003 11:44PM GMT 
nmbraggdolly 13 Apr 2004 6:51AM GMT 
JanEJordan65 13 Apr 2004 4:24PM GMT 
nmbraggdolly 15 Apr 2004 9:31AM GMT 
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