How were people identified by race in the 1930's and 1940's censuses? Did the census taker ask the person their race, or did the census taker decide what to put down?
I know some people of Cape Verdean descent who were of mixed race. Yet their parents are identified as born in in Portugal (when they were really from Cape Verde or Goa), and they are identified as white in the 1930 and 1940 census. Would that have been the person's choice or the census taker's ?