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Jacobites transported to Leeward Islands

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Re: Jacobites transported to Leeward Islands

Posted: 12 May 2013 2:52AM GMT
Classification: Query
Hi just found this, I have also read that the rebels were set free on Martinique.

THE TRANSPORTATIONS IN 1745 37
CHAPTER IV Capture of ship with transported rebels—List and description of them—Their fate.
A MISHAP befell an expedition with 225 rebel prisoners, of whom 75 had engaged as soldiers. Mr. Smith, contractor, thus related it:—‟Cateaton Street, 22nd October 1747.— Sir, The loss of one of my ships with 150 rebels, the Veteran, John Ricky, Master, bound for Antigua, which was taken by the French privateer Paul Mars, and carried into Martinico, and of 75 sent with the East India Expedition which I was providing for, has been some disappointment to me. I have sent his Grace‟s letter to the Governor of Leeward Islands to reclaim them of the French Governor by three different conveyances. I have also sent a list and exact description to my agents in all our colonies in the West Indies that they may be the more easily detected in case they are taken in any homeward-bound Martinico ship. A copy is enclosed for Admiralty lest any should escape to France or Scotland; all the rest are safe arrived at Barbadoes, Jamaica and Virginia. I desire to know when I am to have the care of those who remain at Carlisle, York, Southwark, and elsewhere.‟ In a postscript is added something as to the attempt to find a North-West passage: „The ships we sent out in search of the North-West passage are returned without having completed the discovery, but have brought us a greater probability than ever.‟
A description follows of the 150 rebels which Mr. Smith took at Lincoln, York, and Lancaster prisons in October 1746. The name, age, profession, county, and stature of each, with remarks, were given in every case. Of the 150, fifteen were women, and three of those Camerons from Lochaber. No. 145 was „Barbra Connell, 19, Perthshire,‟ and she was thus described: „Red hair, clever.‟ „No. 143. Margaret Dykes, 22, no occupation, Lithgow‟ (Linlithgow), is singled out for the distinction of being „well-looking.‟ „No. 57. Isabell Hamilton, 50, comes from Musselburgh.‟ Fortunately all of them could sew, spin and knit—useful qualifications for female colonists.
AN EXACT LIST AND DESCRIPTION of 150 Rebel Prisoners ship‟d at Liverpool on board the Veteran—John Ricky, master—for the Leeward Islands; which were taken near Antigua, the 28th June last, by the Diamond Privateer—Paul Marsale, commander—and carried into Martinico, the 30th June 1747.
No.
First
Family Name
Age
Profession
County
Stature ft.
in.
Remarks
1
Robert
Adam
18
Labourer
Stirling
5
1.25
Brown, smooth-faced.
2
William
Bell
46
Weaver
Berwick
5
4
Black curled hair, strong-made.
3
Dougall
Campbell
18
Servant
Lochaber
5
4
Brown complexion, well-made, ruddy.
4
Alexander
Cattanach
17
Miller
Badenoch
5
5
Black, well-made, ruddy, healthy.
5
Dougall
Campbell
18
Servant
Argyle
5
5.25
Brown, well-made, ruddy.
6
Alexander
Campbell
18
Labourer
Inverness
5
4.5
Brown, pock-pitted.
38 THE TRANSPORTATIONS IN 1745
No.
First
Family Name
Age
Profession
County
Stature ft.
in.
Remarks
7
John
Campbell
20
Labourer
Argyle
5
2.25
Brown, swarthy.
8
Alexander
Cameron
19
Labourer
Inverness
5
4
Brown, well-made.
9
William
Dickinson
44
Weaver
Lancashire
5
4
Red hair, thick-set, healthy.
10
Alexander
Davidson
17
Herdsman
Badenoch
5
3.5
Ruddy, slim made.
11
Andrew
Edwards
24
Servant
Angus
5
5.5
Black, well-made, strong.
12
John
Gordon
19
Weaver
Inverness
5
4.5
Black, well-made, strong.
13
Alexander
Goodbrand
30
Carpenter
Bamf
5
6.5
Brown, well-made, strong.
14
John
Grant
40
Labourer
Badenoch
5
4
Black, well-made, strong.
15
Alexander
Grant
25
Carpenter
Aberdeen
5
6
Brown, well-made, lank hair.
16
Joseph
Hinchcliffe
31
Tallow Chandler
York
5
5.5
Black, pock-pitted.
17
John
Johnson
30
Husbandman
Lanarkshire
5
5
Brown, pock-pitted, strong made.
18
David
Joiner
20
Labourer
Aberdeen
5
2
Brown.
19
John
Kennedy
32
Labourer
Perth
5
9
Black, well-made.
20
George
Keith
35
Shoemaker
Aberdeen
5
11.5
Black, well-made.
21
William
McLean
32
Labourer
Inverness
5
3.75
Black, well-set, strong, ruddy.
22
Duncan
McPhearson
36
Labourer
Inverness
5
6.5
Thin, pale, sickly.
28
Angus
McIntosh
26
Labourer
Inverness
5
6.5
Black, very strong made.
24
Peter
McIntosh
34
Labourer
Inverness
5
4.5
Brown, very strong made, long chin.
25
James
McPhearson
22
Labourer
Aberdeen
5
7
Black, lusty, well-made.
26
John
McLeod
25
Labourer
Inverness
5
4.5
Black hair, pale & slender.
27
Duncan
Monrow
19
Labourer
Inverness
5
4
Straight, pale & slender.
28
Alexander
McLeod
18
Labourer
Inverness
5
4.5
Brown, strong, stares.
29
Charles
Morgan
18
Barber
Elgin
5
4
Brown, well-made.
30
John
Murray
30
Weaver
Annandale
5
8
Brown hair, pale.
31
Thomas
Ogden
34
Weaver
Lancashire
5
5
Brown hair, strong made, lusty.
32
Donald
McGillis
18
Labourer
Inverness
5
0
Black, short-neck‟d.
33
Donald
McDonald
19
Labourer
Inverness
5
8.5
Red hair, strong.
34
Allen
McDougall
26
Gardener
Argyle
5
5
Black, strong, well-made, seems sensible.
35
Angus
McDonald
60
Labourer
Argyle
5
4
Black, strong, ill-looking.
36
Daniel
McKee
18
Labourer
Murray
5
2.5
Light hair, fair, well made.
37
Mark
McCormack
16
Labourer
Moydart
5
3.5
Good face, fair, straight.
38
Alexander
Marnock
26
Shoemaker
Aberdeen
5
4.5
Brown, thick set.
39
George
Nieholl
26
Weaver
Aberdeen
5
7
Brown, strong, well made.
40
James
Neilson
26
Labourer
Aberdeen
5
5
Black, swarthy, slender.
41
John
Robertson
19
Labourer
Inverness
5
4
Brown, straight, slender.
42
Daniel
Ross
40
Servant
Ross
5
5
Sandy hair, swarthy, well made.
43
William
Robertson
17
Labourer
Perth
5
5
Brown, well made.
44
John
Stewart
18
Labourer
Aberdeen
5
4.25
Brown, well made, ruddy.
45
John
Smith
21
Goldsmith
Aberdeen
5
4
Brown, well made.
46
William
Sharp
18
Labourer
Aberdeen
5
5.5
Brown, well made, slender.
47
Daniel
McGillis
12
Arisaig
5
6
Brown, well made, stiff.
THE TRANSPORTATIONS IN 1745 39
No.
First
Family Name
Age
Profession
County
Stature ft.
in.
Remarks
48
James
Lacky
16
Weaver
Edinburgh
5
0
Black, straight.
49
George
Bain
25
Labourer
Aberdeen
5
5.5
Black, swarthy.
50
Hector
McGillis
16
Herdsman
Inverness
5
0
Black, lusty.
51
John
Scott
17
Herdsman
Perth
5
3.5
Light hair, fair-fac‟d, slender
52
John
Stewart
18
Labourer
Aberdeen
5
3.5
Brown, well made,swarthy.
53
John
Thompson
18
Labourer
Bamf
5
4.25
Black.
54
Adam
Sutherland
35
Labourer
Sutherland
5
6
Black hair, pale fac‟d, slender.
55
Isabell
Chambers
25
Knitts
Mearnshire
5
7
Black, tall & slender.
56
Eliza
Clavering
22
Sempstress
Bamf
5
0
Brown, thin.
57
Isabell
Hamilton
50
Knitts
Musselburgh
4
7
Brown, little.
58
Mary
Kennedy
20
Sewing, &c.
Glengary
4
7
Brown, full fac‟d, ruddy.
59
Jane
McKenzie
19
Sewing, &c.
Inverness
4
7
Fair hair, pock-pitted, slender.
60
Eliza
McFarlin
30
Sewing, &c.
Perth
5
8.5
Black, lusty, ruddy.
61
Eliza
Robb
35
Knitts
Aberdeen
4
11
Brown, thick.
62
John
Crookshanks
14
Herdsman
Aberdeen
5
0
Fair complexion, healthy.
63
Duncan
McCleish
18
Pedlar
Perthshire
4
11.75
Pale complexion, slender.
64
Alexander
Low
37
Whitesmith
Lancashire
5
5.75
Pock-pitted, ruddy, slender, healthy.
65
James
Dunbar
17
Labourer
Murray
5
0
Dark complexion, well made.
66
Robert
Tom
16
Labourer
Angus
5
1
Black hair, strong, healthy.
67
William
Chapman
32
Pedlar
Aberdeenshire
5
4.5
Pale complexion, healthy.
68
Thomas
Brownhill
22
Labourer
Perthshire
5
6.75
Fair complexion, slender, well made, healthy.
69
Alexander
Brownlee
20
Watchmaker
Edinburgh
5
6
Red hair, slender.
70
John
Topp
16
Carpenter
Bamf
5
3
Brown, slender, healthy.
71
Joseph
Brown
16
Taylor
Bamf
5
6
Dark complexion, well-made, healthy
72
Daniel
Duff
26
Labourer
Perthshire
5
7.5
Cross made, strong, healthy.
73
Robert
Paterson
19
Hosier
Aberdeen
5
5
Slender, well made, healthy.
74
Alexander
Midleton
41
Servant
Edinburgh
5
5.25
Writes well, well looking, healthy.
75
William
Thompson
40
Labourer
Angus
5
3.5
Dark hair, healthy.
76
James
Thompson
21
Labourer
Bamf
5
2.5
Brown, sickly.
77
Robert
Warren
20
Weaver
Aberdeenshire
5
5
Brown, well-made, healthy.
78
James
Urquhart
18
Labourer
Aberdeenshire
5
5.75
Brown complexion, healthy.
79
Andrew
Mill
17
Taylor
Bamfshire
5
7.25
Brown complexion, healthy, slender, thin.
80
Charles
Grant
19
Miller
Inverness
5
7.5
Brown complexion, healthy, robust, well made.
81
James
Ross
20
Carpenter
Edinburgh
5
2.25
Pale hair, sickly.
82
George
Read
30
Labourer
Bamf
5
4.5
Dark visage, strong, healthy.
83
Peter
Summerall
14
Shoemaker
Lothian
5
1.75
Fair hair, slender, straight.
84
James
Mann
20
Baker
Perthshire
5
0
Pale complexion, well made.
85
William
Mills
22
Servant
Aberdeen
5
3
Sandy hair, healthy, Do.
86
Andrew
Langer
40
Weaver
Dublin
5
6.75
Dark complexion, well made, healthy.
87
James
Lawson
22
Labourer
Angus
5
5.5
Well made, slender, healthy.
88
John
Troop
20
Gardener
Stirlingshire
5
8.25
Dark, sickly.
40 THE TRANSPORTATIONS IN 1745
No.
First
Family Name
Age
Profession
County
Stature ft.
in.
Remarks
89
George
Samuel
18
Bookbinder
Edinburgh
5
5
Brown, pale, slender, sickly.
90
James
Donald
20
Taylor
Mearnshire
5
7.5
Brown complexion,well made, sickly.
91
Andrew
Matthew
32
Maltster
Perthshire
5
5
Dark Dcomplexion, sickly
92
Walter
Minnis
18
flaxdresser
Perthshire
5
3
93
James
Lamb
25
Watchmaker
Edinburgh
5
5
Fair, slender, healthy.
94
William
Jackson
19
Labourer
Angus
5
0
Brown, lusty, strong, well made.
95
William
Clapperton
13
Ploughboy
Bamfshire
4
11
96
Donald
McDonald
58
Servant
Edinburgh
5
5
Swarthy, well made.
97
Hugh
McDonald
13
Servant
Arisaig
4
7
Slender, sickly.
98
James
McClean
19
Nailmaker
Stirlingshire
5
0.25
Sandy complexion, healthy.
99
William
Ross.
36
Sailor
Aberdeenshire
5
3.5
Dark hair, ruddy, well set, robust.
100
John
Livesay
17
Cordwainer
Lancashire
5
6
Pale, healthy, well made.
101
Archibald
McPhearson
16
Cowherd
Skye
4
9.5
Thick, pock-pitted.
102
Duncan
Campbell
16
Labourer
Argyleshire
5
0
Dark complexion, straight, healthy.
103
Charles
Halket
20
Labourer
Aberdeenshire
5
9.5
Well made, sprightly.
104
John
Cuningham
32
Labourer
Argyleshire
5
7.5
Black, sturdy, his own hair.
105
John
McKenzie
22
Gentleman
Ross-shire
5
10
Well made, genteel.
106
Hugh
McFee
30
Labourer
Inverness
5
4.75
Lusty, black.
107
John
Chambers
21
Labourer
Perthshire
5
8.75
Dark hair, well made.
108
Daniel
Dingwell
31
Glover
Inverness
5
0.5
Brown, lame.
109
Donald
McDonald
22
Labourer
Inverness
5
6.5
Black hair, lusty.
110
William
Robertson
20
Weaver
Murray
5
3.75
Dark hair, well made,
111
John
Ostler
25
Gentleman
Lincolnshire
5
7.5
Brown hair, genteel.
112
John
Campbell
15
Servant
Argyleshire
4
10
Brown hair, genteel, sprightly.
113
Joseph
McDonald
27
Servant
Murray
114
John
Bouie
14
Servant
Aberdeenshire
5
0
Nut-brown, lively.
115
John
Anderson
18
Gardener
Aberdeenshire
5
2
Dark hair, well made.
116
James
Anderson
25
Taylor
Ross-shire
5
0
Dark hair, pale.
117
William
Coats
55
Labourer
Aberdeenshire
5
3
Dark hair, shot in right shoulder
118
John
McIntosh
16
Fidler
Inverness
5
0.25
Dark hair, sprightly.
119
William
Campbell
21
Weaver
Perthshire
5
6
Fair, thin, writes well, healthy.
120
Duncan
Ore
41
Labourer
Perthshire
5
4.5
Dark hair.
121
Duncan
Ore
14
Weaver
Perthshire
4
8
Brown, sprightly.
122
James
Reed
18
Labourer
Angus-shire
5
6
Brown, lively.
123
James
Henderson
30
Cook
Angus-shire
5
6.5
Brown hair, slender.
124
James
Petre
20
Labourer
Angus-shire
5
4.75
Brown, sprightly.
125
David
Sharrock
19
Weaver
near Preston
5
6.25
Thin.
126
Francis
Brown
27
Husbandman
Lancashire
5
3.25
Light brown hair, thin.
127
Richard
Riding
24
Weaver
near Preston
5
3
Light brown hair, sturdy.
128
Henry
Bibby
22
Weaver
Wigan
5
6.25
Dark hair.
129
Robert
Singleton
17
Weaver
Walton
5
3.5
Light hair.
THE TRANSPORTATIONS IN 1745 41
No.
First
Family Name
Age
Profession
County
Stature ft.
in.
Remarks
130
John
Williamson
17
Labourer
Aberdeenshire
5
3.25
Light brown, thin.
131
Alexander
Campbell
27
Labourer
Argyleshire
5
7.5
Sturdy, brown.
132
George
Hume
30
Writer
Edinburgh
5
7
Black man.
133
John
Mason
18
Barber
Aberdeenshire
5
3.25
Brown hair, well looking.
134
John
Stewart
17
Labourer
Perthshire
5
3.5
Dark hair, lively.
135
Alexander
Robinson
40
Labourer
Perthshire
5
1.75
Dark hair, pale.
136
James
Sharrock
21
Taylor
Preston
5
6
Dark hair, pale.
137
Richard
Leatherbarrow
32
Weaver
Winwick
5
6.75
Chesnut, sturdy.
138
John
Cottam
17
Labourer
Clifton
5
6.5
Sandy hair.
139
Hugh
Johnson
27
Weaver
Walton
5
3
Blind of right eye.
140
Thomas
Bold
21
Labourer
Wigan
5
5.25
Dark hair.
141
Thomas
Charnley
19
Weaver
Walton
5
8
Strong light brown.
142
Richard
Procter
20
Maltster
near Preston
5
5.5
Dark brown, sprightly.
143
Margaret
Dykes
22
Lithgow
5
0
Well-looking.
144
Mary
McKenzie
20
Spin
Lochaber
Lusty,healthy.
145
Barbara
Camell
19
Perthshire
Red-hair,clever.
146
Jane
McIntosh
20
Spin and knit
Inverness
Red-hair,clever.
147
Flora
Cameron
40
Lochaber
Black-hair.
148
Effy
Cameron
28
Spin and knit
Lochaber
Black-hair,swarthy.
149
Anne
Cameron
30
Spin and knit
Lochaber
Little-woman.
150
Margaret
McDonald
23
Spin and knit
Perthshire
Black-hair.
This description was taken by Mr. Smith at Lincoln, York and Lancaster in October 1746.
The list is taken from three different gaols—Lincoln, York, and Lancaster—and it is likely that the first 46 prisoners whose names are all alphabetically arranged would come from Lincoln; the other names from York and Lancaster being inserted without any regard to sequence. Of the 135 men, 18 hailed from Perthshire, 20 from Inverness, 25 from Aberdeen, 19 from England, and 1 from Ireland. As to the trades represented, 55 were labourers, 11 servants, 20 weavers, 4 herdsmen, 2 gentlemen, viz. „No. 105, John M‟Kenzie, 22, Ross-shire, well made, genteel,‟ and No. 111, John Ostler, 20, Lincolns, brown hair, genteel.‟ There was an Edinburgh writer, George Hume, age 30, marked as a „Black man,‟ whose colour would, no doubt, suit the West Indies. One man, No. 104—a labourer—is noted as having „his own hair.‟ A wig was hardly to be expected from one of his class or his age—he was only 32. Then there is a fiddler from Inverness, of but 16 years and 5¼ feet in height, who is happily characterised as „sprightly.‟ The following other occupations were represented: sailor, watchmaker, carpenter, whitesmith, pedlar, tallow-chandler, hosier, maltster, shoemaker, baker, bookbinder, flax-dresser, nailmaker, glover, gardener, cook, tailor, husbandman, ploughboy cowherd, cordwainer, and last but not least, two barbers. No. 92, Walter Minnis, would probably be Walter
42 THE TRANSPORTATIONS IN 1745
Menzies. Five of them were pock-pitted, and not one of them all was six feet in height. As many as sixty were under 20 years of age.
The island of Martinico or Martinique, into which the prisoners were carried, was in French possession, though taken from the French fifteen years later by Admiral Rodney, to whom its Governor-General, De La Touche, capitulated. It was the chief of all the Leeward Islands owned by the French, and was the residence of the ruler of the French settlements in the West Indies. It was quite typical of the other islands in its character and products. Its exports were sugar, cotton, cocoa, aloes, coffee, cassia, etc., and the climate was more adapted to blacks than whites. The island was recently the scene of a terribly disastrous volcanic disturbance, which came suddenly with appalling and devastating destruction to life and property. In 1747 it was a sally-port for French privateers in the West Indian Seas, just as the Island of Bourbon was to French pirates in the Indian Ocean. As the articles of the 1762 capitulation make no reference to the 150 prisoners in course of transportation, it is to be presumed that they had previously quitted the island.
The captured vessel was duly claimed from the French in January 1748, but they peremptorily declined to hand over it or the prisoners to the British Government. They were then asked to include the latter in the next cartel for the exchange of prisoners, and again they refused to enter into any engagement implying the return of the unfortunates to English servitude. What the fate of these prisoners—these twice-taken captives—ultimately was, does not transpire from the official papers. Let us hope they achieved their liberty and return to their native land in happier times.
SubjectAuthorDate Posted
BonnieSamuel8... 1 May 2013 2:34AM GMT 
philslim 2 May 2013 7:48PM GMT 
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