It is said that my great great grandfather and his brother (John C. and Frederick Schmyser who collaborated with a Philip Kappler) carved horses for carousels in the 1860's in the Huron County Michigan area. I have contacted the National Carousel Association and they have not heard of them. It is also said, that they invented a carousel which went vertically, The Califorina Swing is what it was called, it was the forerunner of the Ferris Wheel, (so the story goes)which was the main attraction at the 1869 Verona Fair (in Michigan). I have hit dead ends in all my research... if anyone knows anything let me know!!!