The following bibliographic citation is for a 125-page printed book that is a report of the 1933 census. I saw the book at the New York Public Library. I know nothing about the manuscript schedules that may have been used by the census-takers.
UNITED STATES. Census, Bureau of the. Children under Institutional Care and in Foster Homes, 1933: Dependent and Neglected Children under the Care of Public and Private Institutions or Agencies, Not Including Juvenile Delinquents, prepared under the supervision of Dr. Leon E. Truesdell. Washington, D.C.: Govt. Print. Off., 1935. iv, 125 p. The bulk of the book (p. 63-124) has title: "Statistics for Individual Institutions," and is arranged by state, thereunder by auspices: state, county, religious, etc. Omits street addresses of institutions.