John D, Thanks so much for your input. I may change over to FTM Mac 3 64-bit, assuming that it can take advantage of the Retina display resolution, which the Windows version apparently cannot.
For anyone else who has my original problem--you can get an acceptable (barely) view of FTM 2014 on your MacBookPro by setting your WINDOWS 8 virtual machine to use 1024x768 resolution and small/100% for Windows 8 item sizes. I also "unchecked" the Windows XP option.
These are the specs for my installation of FTM 2014 on a MacBookPro
Computer: MacBookPro with Retina, 15", early 2013 version
Main Operating System: OS X Mountain Lion with all updates
Parallels 9 installed and updated
Guest OS/Virtual Machine: Windows 8 (Windows 8 itself may not be completely updated--I keep getting conflicting messages about this)
FTM 2014 installed via Windows 8; FTM 2014 updated after installation.
Upon initial launch, FTM 2014 was all but unusable. Interface elements either too large or too small; cut off or crunched on top of something else. I had to change the Windows 8 screen resolution by launching Parallels, getting onto Windows 8 Desktop, and right-clicking in a blank area of the Desktop to access the context menu.
Hope that this info will help someone--but if you know of any way to run FTM 2014 at a higher resolution within Parallels 9/Windows 8, please share!